Ludolf von Alvensleben

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Ludolf-Hermann Emmanuel Georg Kurt Werner von Alvensleben
Ludolf von Alvensleben as fuhrer of Volksdeutscher Selbstschutz in Bydgoszcz.
Reichsfrauenführerin Gertrud Scholtz-Klink, Reichsführer SS Heinrich Himmler, Rudolf Hess, Baldur von Schirach, Obergebietsführer of Hitler Jugend - Arthur Axmann, SS-Oberführer Ludolf von Alvensleben

Ludolf-Hermann Emmanuel Georg Kurt Werner von Alvensleben (March 17, 1901 – March 17, 1970) was a National Socialist official in the rank of SS-Gruppenführer and Major General of the Police. His familiar name was "Bubi" (Little Boy).

Background[edit]

Alvensleben was born in Halle into the noble family von Alvensleben. His father was Prussian Major General Ludolf von Alvensleben, his mother, Antoinette von Alvensleben, née Freiin von Ricou (His mother was widow of Adolf Freiherr von Almey, by whom she had two children: Gerhard Freiherr von Almey and Maria-Louise Gräfin von Burgund). Alvensleben enlisted in the Prussian cadet corps in 1911, and in 1918 he joined a Hussar regiment and fought during World War I. Between 1923 and July 1929, he belonged to the nationalist paramilitary organization Stahlhelm.

After the First World War, Alvensleben graduated with a degree in Agriculture. After the death of his father in December 1912, the family's Schochwitz castle, which had been inherited from Alvensleben's grandfather the Prussian general Hermann von Alvensleben, became his own. He wed on May 3, 1924; the marriage produced four children. He also later fathered illegitimate children.

National Socialist career[edit]

Alvensleben became a member of the Reichstag in 1933; on April 5, 1934, he became commander of the 46th SS Regiment in Dresden. Subsequently Alvensleben was made first adjutant of the Reichsführer SS. His career continued with appointments to command the SS and police in the Crimea, and the Selbstschutz (“Self-Defense”) paramilitary forces of Reichsgau Danzig-West Prussia which performed mass executions during Intelligenzaktion in Pomerania in "Fordon Valley of Death", mass murders in Piaśnica,[1] and other atrocities.[2]

Post war flight[edit]

In April 1945, Alvensleben was captured and held in British captivity. At the end of 1945, he made an escape from the internment camp at Neuengamme. After a short stay in Schochwitz, he fled with his family to Argentina in early 1946. Although there is no precise data on the date of their arrival in the country, a 2000 documentary film records that on November 27, 1952, the government of Juan Domingo Perón granted Alvensleben citizenship under the name of Carlos Lücke. He lived until July 1956 in Buenos Aires, then he moved to Santa Rosa de Calamuchita. From November 1952, he served as inspector of fish farming.

In January 1964, the district court of Munich put out an arrest warrant for Alvensleben for the killing of at least 4,247 people in Poland by units of the Selbstschutz under von Alvensleben's command in the autumn of 1939. Attempts by the prosecution had no consequences for Alvensleben and he died in 1970 without having been brought to trial.

References[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Joachim Lilla: Statisten in Uniform. Die Mitglieder des Reichstages 1933 - 1945. Düsseldorf, 2004. ISBN 3-7700-5254-4
  • Andreas Schulz, Günter Wegmann: Die Generale der Waffen-SS und der Polizei. Band 1, Biblio-Verlag, Bissendorf, 2003. ISBN 3-7648-2373-9.
  • Ruth Bettina Birn: Die Höheren SS- und Polizeiführer. Himmlers Vertreter im Reich und in den besetzten Gebieten. Droste Verlag, Düsseldorf, 1986. ISBN 3-7700-0710-7
  • Klaus D. Patzwall (Hg.): Das Goldene Parteiabzeichen und seine Verleihungen ehrenhalber 1934 -1944, Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall, Norderstedt 2004, ISBN 3-931533-50-6