Ludovico Gimignani (1643–1697) was an Italian painter, active mainly in Rome, during the Baroque period.
Ludovico's father, Giacinto (1611–1681) had been one of the main pupils emerging from the loose "studio" of painters working for Pietro da Cortona and who also received patronage from his fellow Pistoia native, the cardinal Rospigliosi. Ludovico, however, who was born in Rome appears to have received some encouragement from Gianlorenzo Bernini. He was active in painting altarpieces for churches in Rome, including a Baptism of Costantine and a History of San Silvestro for the church of San Silvestro in Capite. He also painted a Guardian Angel for the church of San Crisogono, a portrait of a Boy and a greyhound in the Palazzo Rospigliosi-Pallavicini in the Quirinal Hill, and an altarpiece for the baptistery in Sant'Andrea delle Fratte. Among his masterpieces is the altarpiece of the Miracle of Santa María Magdalena de Pazzi. His father had painted the companion piece for the Temptation; both paintings are found in the second chapel (cappella di Santa Maria Maddalena de’ Pazzi who had been canonized in 1669) on the left of the Carmelite church of Santa María in Montesanto. Ludovico also painted the vault frescoes (1685). He died in Zagarolo .