Ludwig Achim von Arnim
|Achim von Arnim|
Achim von Arnim by Peter Edward Stroehling
|Born||Ludwig Achim von Arnim
26 January 1781
|Died||21 January 1831
Wiepersdorf, Jüterbog, Germany
|Notable work(s)||Des Knaben Wunderhorn|
Arnim was descended from a Prussian noble family. His father was Joachim Erdmann von Arnim (1741–1804), associated with the Prussian court and, among other roles, active as the director of the Berlin theater. His mother, Amalia Carlonia Labes (1761–1781), died immediately after Arnim's birth.
Arnim spent his childhood with a grandmother in Berlin. He went on to study law and natural science at Halle and Göttingen, though he inclined from the first towards literature. He received the degree of M.D., but never practiced medicine. His early writings included numerous articles for scientific magazines. His first major work, Theorie der elektrischen Erscheinungen (Theory of electrical phenomena) showed a leaning to the supernatural, common among the German romanticists. He went on to travel through Europe with his brother, Carl Otto Ludwig, from 1801 to 1804. He published the important romantic Zeitung für Einsiedler (Newspaper for Hermits) in Heidelberg in 1808.
Arnim was influenced by the earlier writings of Goethe and Herder, from which he learned to appreciate the beauties of German traditional legends and folk songs. Forming a collection of these, published the result (1806–1808), in collaboration with Clemens Brentano under the title Des Knaben Wunderhorn. He married Brentano's sister Bettina in 1811, who won wide recognition as a writer in her own right, and their daughter Gisela (one of seven children) became a writer as well.
He lived in Berlin from 1809, worked on Heinrich von Kleist's paper there and founded the political union "Deutsche Tischgesellschaft". From October 1813 to February 1814 he was publisher of the Berlin paper "The Prussian Correspondent." He remained connected with the Prussian patriots (Adam Heinrich Müller, Friedrich de la Motte Fouqué, Heinrich von Kleist). He moved in 1814 to his family home, Schloss Wiepersdorf, where he remained until his death by heart attack in 1831. His output, published in newspapers, magazines and almanacs as well as self-contained books, included novels, dramas, stories, poems and journalistic works. Following his death, his library was taken over by the Weimar court library.
He is considered one of the most important representatives of German Romanticism. His works were collected, with an introduction by Wilhelm Grimm, in twenty volumes (1839–48). Heinrich Heine wrote a eulogy of Arnim in his Deutschland.
- Hollin's Liebeleben (1802)
- Ariel's Offenbarungen (1804)
- Des Knaben Wunderhorn (Folktale Collection, 3 vol., with Clemens Brentano, 1806 and 1808)
- Tröst Einsamkeit (Book collection of Arnim's published Zeitung für Einsiedler, 1808)
- Der Wintergarten (1809)
- Mistris Lee (1809)
- Armut, Reichthum, Schuld und Buße der Gräfin Dolores (1810)
- Halle und Jerusalem (play, 1811)
- Isabella von Ägypten. Kaiser Karl des Fünften erste Jugendliebe (novella, 1812)
- Schaubühne (play, 1813)
- "Frau von Saverne" (story, 1817)
- Die Kronenwächter. Bd. 1: Bertholds erstes und zweites Leben (unfinished novel, 1817)
- Der tolle Invalide auf dem Fort Ratonneau (novella, 1818)
- "Fürst Ganzgott und Sänger Halbgott" (story, 1818)
- Die Gleichen (play, 1819)
- "Die Majoratsherren" (story, 1820)
- "Owen Tudor" (story, 1820)
- "Landhausleben" (story, 1826)
- Die Päpstin Johanna (published posthumously by Bettina von Arnim, 1846)
- The Arthurian Encyclopedia. Norris J. Lacy, Ed. "German Arthurian Literature (Modern)." New York: Garland Publishing, Inc., 1986.
- "Arnim, Ludwig Joachim von". New International Encyclopedia. 1905.
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Arnim, Ludwig Achim (Joachim) von.|
- Works by Ludwig Achim von Arnim at Project Gutenberg
- Works by Ludwig Achim von Arnim on Open Library at the Internet Archive