Ludwig Feuerbach and the End of Classical German Philosophy
Ludwig Feuerbach and the End of Classical German Philosophy is a book published by Friedrich Engels in 1886. According to Engels, the seed for this book was planted 40 years before, in the "The German Ideology" written by Marx and Engels, but unpublished in his lifetime. The undertaking is performed to deal critically with German philosophy from a materialist position. Here Engels emphasized the importance of Hegel and Ludwig Feuerbach for their own theories.
Hegel's conservative system must be distinguished from his revolutionary method of dialectics. Feuerbach had turned to law against Hegel's idealistic system and "the fundamental question of philosophy" - answered materialistic - the relation of thinking and being. But Feuerbach rejected Hegel's dialectical method, which is why his view of man and nature had to remain abstract and unhistorical. Marx only kept the "Rational" the dialectical method and freed them from their idealistic form. Dialectic is no longer self-movement of the concept, but the real movement in nature and history with him.
The book was only about 50 pages long, and was written early in 1886, and published that year in "Die Neue Zeit", issues No. 4 and 5 1888. A revised print by Johann Heinrich Wilhelm Dietz in Stuttgart was published, which contained some additional comment by Engels. In this edition, Marx and Engels' 1845 Theses on Feuerbach was also reprinted for the first time.
- Ludwig Feuerbach and the End of Classical German Philosophy, MEW 21, p 259-307.
- Ludwig Feuerbach and the End of Classical German Philosophy to marxists.org