Ludwig Henrich Friedlaender (July 16, 1824 Königsberg – December 16, 1909 Straßburg, German Empire) was a German philologist. He was one of the preeminent scholars of Ancient Rome of his time and is known for his research on Roman daily life and customs. He was a Professor at Albertina and served as its Rector 1865/66 and 1874/5. He was also a member of the House of Lords.
He studied at the universities of his hometown Königsberg, Leipzig, and Berlin from 1841 to 1845. In 1847 he became privat-docent of classical philology at Königsberg, in 1856 assistant professor, and in 1858 professor.
He was a son of the merchant Hirsch Friedländer (1791–1871) and Emma Levia Perlbach (1801–1863), and was raised Jewish. He later converted to Protestantism. In 1856, he married Laura Gutzeit, daughter of an East Prussian estate owner. Their son Paul Friedländer was a noted chemist. Their daughter Charlotte Friedländer was married to the art historian Georg Dehio.
His chief work is Darstellungen aus der Sittengeschichte Roms in der Zeit von August bis zum Ausgang der Antonine (3 vols., 1862–71; 6th ed., 1889–90). This work is considered one of the most noteworthy philological productions of the 19th century (translated into French, Italian, Spanish, English, and Hungarian).
Friedländer's other publications include:
- Nicanoris περὶ Ιλιακῆς Στιγμῆς Reliquiæ Emendatiores (1850);
- Ueber den Kunstsinn der Römer in der Kaiserzeit (1852);
- Aristonici Alexandrini περὶ Σημείων Ιλιάδος Reliquiæ Emendatiores (1853);
- Die Homerische Kritik von Wolf bis Grote (1853).
- He edited and annotated Martial (2 vols., 1886);
- Petronius' Cena Trimalchionis (with translation, 1891);
- Juvenal (1895)
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Isidore Singer (1901–1906). "Ludwig Friedländer". Jewish Encyclopedia.
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