He studied at the universities of his hometown Königsberg, Leipzig, and Berlin from 1841 to 1845. In 1847 he became privat-docent of classical philology at Königsberg, in 1856 assistant professor, and in 1858 professor.
Although Jewish, he embraced Christianity.
His chief work is Darstellungen aus der Sittengeschichte Roms in der Zeit von August bis zum Ausgang der Antonine (3 vols., 1862–71; 6th ed., 1889–90). This work is considered one of the most noteworthy philological productions of the 19th century (translated into French, Italian, Spanish, English, and Hungarian).
Friedländer's other publications include:
- Nicanoris περὶ Ιλιακῆς Στιγμῆς Reliquiæ Emendatiores (1850);
- Ueber den Kunstsinn der Römer in der Kaiserzeit (1852);
- Aristonici Alexandrini περὶ Σημείων Ιλιάδος Reliquiæ Emendatiores (1853);
- Die Homerische Kritik von Wolf bis Grote (1853).
- He edited and annotated Martial (2 vols., 1886);
- Petronius' Cena Trimalchionis (with translation, 1891);
- Juvenal (1895)
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Isidore Singer (1901–1906). "Ludwig Friedländer". Jewish Encyclopedia.
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