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Ludwig Heinrich Bojanus (July 16, 1776 – April 2, 1827) was a German physician and naturalist who spent most of his active career teaching at Vilnius University in Tsarist Russia.
Bojanus was born at Bouxwiller in Alsace, finished his secondary education in Darmstadt and studied medicine at the University of Jena (Dr.med., 1797). In 1804 he was appointed professor of veterinary medicine at the University of Vilnius, a post which he could assume only in 1806, adding comparative anatomy to his offerings in 1816. In 1823, just before retiring to Germany for health reason, he there founded an Institute on that subject. He produced an important work on the anatomy of turtles, Anatome Testudinis Europaeae. He was also the author of several scientific discoveries, including a glandular organ in bivalvular molluscs that is now known as organ of Bojanus, and anatomical distinctions between the aurochs and the European bison. In 1814 he was elected corresponding member of the Imperial Academy of Sciences in St.Petersburg, in 1818 member of the Imperial Leopold-Caroline Academy of Natural Sciences then in Bonn, and in 1821 a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. He died at Darmstadt.
- ^ Carus, Victor. "Bojanus, Ludwig Heinrich". In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie, vol.3 (1876), p.84f. 
- ^ Edel, Philippe. "L. H. Bojanus, un grand scientifique entre Ouest et Est". In: Cahiers lituaniens (Nr.3, 2002). 
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- ^ http://www.leopoldina.org/de/mitglieder/mitglieder-seit-1652/