Ludwig Kübler

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Ludwig Kübler
Ludwig Kubler.jpg
Born (1889-09-02)2 September 1889
Munich, Kingdom of Bavaria
Died 18 August 1947(1947-08-18) (aged 57)
Ljubljana, Yugoslavia
Allegiance German Empire German Empire (to 1918)
Germany Weimar Republic (to 1933)
Nazi Germany Nazi Germany
Service/branch Heer
Years of service 1908–1945
Rank General der Gebirgstruppe
Commands held 98th Mountain Regiment
1st Mountain Division
XXXXIX Mountain Corps
4th Army
LXXXXVII Army Corps z.b.V.
Battles/wars World War I
World War II
Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross
Signature Kübler Unterschrift.jpg

General Ludwig Kübler (2 September 1889 – 18 August 1947) was a German General of the Mountain Troops during World War II who was executed as a war criminal in Yugoslavia.

Early life[edit]

His father was the physician Wilhelm Kübler and he had six brothers and two sisters. In 1895 he enrolled in elementary school in Forstenried which he left after three years, he then attended the Gymnasium in Rosenheim and the humanist Ludwig Gymnasium in Munich. He graduated in 1908 with top grades and turned down a place at the prestigious Maximilianeum for a career in the military and joined the 15th Royal Bavarian Infantry Regiment "King Friedrich August of Saxony" as a cadet on 20 July 1908. From 1 October 1909 until 14 October 1910 he attended the War School in Munich at which he was placed fifth out of 166 students in his year. On 23 October 1910 he was commissioned as a leutnant.

First World War and the inter war period[edit]

At the beginning of the First World War he was serving with the 15th Royal Bavarian Infantry Regiment "King Friedrich August of Saxony" at the Western Front and was involved in September 1914 fighting in Lorraine and around St Quentin as commander of a machine gun platoon. On 24 September a serious injury from shell splinters left a conspicuous large scar on his face. Although the injury had not completely healed he returned on 13 January 1915 to his regiment, which took part in the Battle of the Somme. In his first months on the front Kübler earned the Iron Cross 1st and 2nd class (16 September and 17 November 1914). From 21 September 1915 he was the adjutant of his regiment and remained so for most of the war. On 18 August 1918 he was appointed a battalion commander in his regiment and promoted to the rank of Hauptmann. After the war he was retained in the Reichswehr. He was then a staff officer in the Army Department (T1) of Truppenamt for a few years. From 1925–1926 he was at the General Staff of Group Command 1 in Berlin. In the autumn of 1933 he was on the staff of the 7th Division of the Reichswehr in Munich and on 1 October 1934 was appointed the Chief of Staff of the VII Army Corps. On 1 June 1935 he was commander of the Mountain Brigade.

Second World War[edit]

Daily Order of General Ludwig Kübler to the soldiers of 1st Mountain Division after the Battle of Lwów (September 21st, 1939)

At the start of World War II he was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross for his role in the Polish campaign. Then on 1 December 1939 he was promoted to Generalleutnant. As commanding general of the new XXXXIX Mountain Army Corps he was earmarked to lead the cancelled conquest of Gibraltar (Operation Felix) and was then in the summer of 1941 involved in the attack in southern Russia and was transferred from General der Infanterie to General der Gebirgstruppe. He was then appointed commander of the 4th Army. His performance did not meet Adolf Hitler's expectations and he was moved to the leadership reserve and did not receive another command until the summer of 1943 and a year later he was appointed commander of LXXXXVII Army Corps. Shortly before the end of the war he was wounded and captured in Yugoslavia, where together with his successor Generalleutant Hans von Hößlin he was sentenced to death in 1947 by a Yugoslav court. He was hanged in Ljubljana on 18 August 1947, like his younger brother, Generalleutnant Joseph Kübler (1896–1947), who was also hanged in Belgrade on 26 February 1947.

In May 1964 the barracks in Mittenwald in Bavaria were named after General Kübler. In November 1995 Volker Rühe, then the German Minister of Defence, changed the name "General-Kübler-Kaserne" into "Karwendel-Kaserne".

Promotions in the Imperial Army, Reichswehr and Wehrmacht[edit]

  • 16 October 1908 – Fahnenjunker
  • 20 February 1909 – Ensign
  • 23 October 1910 – Lieutenant
  • 9 July 1915 – First Lieutenant
  • 18 August 1918 – Captain
  • 1 August 1928 – Major
  • 1 April 1932 – Lieutenant Colonel
  • 1 July 1934 – Colonel
  • 1 January 1938 – Major General
  • 1 December 1939 – Lieutenant-General
  • 1 August 1940 – General of the Infantry
  • 24 November 1941 – General of the mountain troops

Commands[edit]

  • 1935 – 1936 98th Mountain Regiment
  • 1936 – 1938 Mountain Brigade
  • 1938 – 1940 1st Mountain Division (Poland and France)
  • 1940 – 1941 XXXXIX Mountain Corps (Eastern Front)
  • 1941 – 1942 4th Army (Eastern Front)
  • 1942 – 1945 LXXXVII Mountain Corps (Yugoslavia)

Awards[edit]

This article incorporates information from the German Wikipedia.

References[edit]

Citations
  1. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 277.
  2. ^ Scherzer 2007, p. 480.
Bibliography
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 – Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtsteile [The Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945 — The Owners of the Highest Award of the Second World War of all Wehrmacht Branches] (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6. 
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2. 

External links[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
none
Commander of 1. Gebirgs-Division
1 September 1939 – 25 October 1940
Succeeded by
General der Gebirgstruppe Hubert Lanz
Preceded by
none
Commander of XXXXIX. Gebirgs-Armeekorps
25 October 1940 – 19 December 1941
Succeeded by
General der Gebirgstruppe Rudolf Konrad
Preceded by
Generalfeldmarschall Günther von Kluge
Commander of 4. Armee
19 December 1941 – 20 January 1942
Succeeded by
Generaloberst Gotthard Heinrici
Preceded by
none
Commander of LXXXXVII. Armeekorps z.b.V.
28 September 1944 – 7 May 1945
Succeeded by
Generalleutnant Hans von Hößlin