Ludwig Ritter von Köchel

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Ludwig Ritter von Köchel
LudwigRittervon Köchel.jpg
Ludwig Ritter von Köchel
Born (1800-01-14)14 January 1800
Stein, Lower Austria, Austria
Died 3 June 1877(1877-06-03) (aged 77)
Vienna, Austria-Hungary
Nationality Austrian
Occupation musicologist, writer, composer, botanist and publisher
Known for Köchel catalogue

Ludwig Alois Friedrich Ritter von Köchel (German: [ˈkœçəl]; 14 January 1800 – 3 June 1877) was an Austrian musicologist, writer, composer, botanist and publisher. He is best known for cataloguing the works of Mozart and originating the 'K-numbers' by which they are known (K for Köchel).

Life[edit]

Born in the town of Stein, Lower Austria, he studied law in Vienna and graduated with a PhD in 1827. For fifteen years, he was tutor to the four sons of Archduke Charles of Austria. Köchel was rewarded with a knighthood and a generous financial settlement, permitting him to spend the rest of his life as a private scholar. Contemporary scientists were greatly impressed by his botanical researches in North Africa, the Iberian Peninsula, the United Kingdom, the North Cape, and Russia. In addition to botany, he was interested in geology and mineralogy, but also loved music, and was a member of the Mozarteum Salzburg. He died of cancer at age 77 in Vienna.

Köchel Catalogue[edit]

Main article: Köchel catalogue

In 1862 he published the Köchel catalogue, a chronological and thematic register of the works of Mozart. This catalogue was the first on such a scale and with such a level of scholarship behind it; it has since undergone revisions. Mozart's works are often referred to by their K-numbers (cf. opus number); for example, the "Jupiter" symphony, Symphony No. 41 K. 551.

Other works[edit]

Moreover, Köchel arranged Mozart's works into twenty-four categories, which were used by Breitkopf & Härtel when they published the first complete edition of Mozart's works from 1877 to 1910, a venture partly funded by Köchel.

He also catalogued the works of Johann Fux.[1][2]

Notes[edit]

Regarding personal names: Ritter is a title, translated approximately as Knight, not a first or middle name. There is no equivalent female form.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Köchel, Ludwig von (1872). Thematisches Verzeichniss der Compositioner von Johann Josef Fux. Wien: A. Hölder. OCLC 9116963. 
  2. ^ Brook, Barry S.; Viano, Richard J. (1997) Thematic Catalogues in Music: An Annotated Bibliography at Google Books. Pendragon Press. page 146. ISBN 0-918728-86-X.

External links[edit]