Lugano District

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Lugano
Distretto di Lugano
District
Location of Lugano
Country   Switzerland
Canton  Ticino
Capital Lugano
Area[1]
 • Total 331.8 km2 (128.1 sq mi)
Population (2013)
 • Total 148,833
 • Density 450/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Municipalities 59

The district of Lugano (Italian: Distretto di Lugano also called Luganese) is a district of Canton Ticino, Switzerland. It has a population of 148,833 (as of 31 December 2013).[2]

Geography[edit]

The Lugano District has an area, as of 1997, of 301.76 square kilometers (116.51 sq mi). Of this area, 47.44 km2 (18.32 sq mi) or 15.7% is used for agricultural purposes, while 200.54 km2 (77.43 sq mi) or 66.5% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 46.05 km2 (17.78 sq mi) or 15.3% is settled (buildings or roads), 2.01 km2 (0.78 sq mi) or 0.7% is either rivers or lakes and 13.93 km2 (5.38 sq mi) or 4.6% is unproductive land.

Of the built up area, housing and buildings made up 9.1% and transportation infrastructure made up 3.6%. Out of the forested land, 59.6% of the total land area is heavily forested and 3.7% is covered with orchards or small clusters of trees. Of the agricultural land, 5.7% is used for growing crops and 9.1% is used for alpine pastures. Of the water in the district, 0.2% is in lakes and 0.5% is in rivers and streams. Of the unproductive areas, 4.2% is unproductive vegetation.[3]

Demographics[edit]

The Lugano District has a population (as of December 2013) of 148,833.[2] Of the Swiss national languages (as of 2000), 11,397 speak German, 2,683 people speak French, 104,413 people speak Italian, and 184 people speak Romansh. The remainder (9,904 people) speak another language.[4]

As of 2008, the gender distribution of the population was 47.8% male and 52.2% female. The population was made up of 46,739 Swiss men (32.8% of the population), and 21,361 (15.0%) non-Swiss men. There were 55,315 Swiss women (38.8%), and 19,062 (13.4%) non-Swiss women.[5]

In 2008 there were 964 live births to Swiss citizens and 364 births to non-Swiss citizens, and in same time span there were 884 deaths of Swiss citizens and 195 non-Swiss citizen deaths. Ignoring immigration and emigration, the population of Swiss citizens increased by 80 while the foreign population increased by 169. There were 3 Swiss men and 5 Swiss women who immigrated back to Switzerland. At the same time, there were 1224 non-Swiss men and 1025 non-Swiss women who immigrated from another country to Switzerland. The total Swiss population change in 2008 (from all sources) was an increase of 954 and the non-Swiss population change was an increase of 1387 people. This represents a population growth rate of 1.7%.[6]

The age distribution, as of 2009, in the Lugano District is; 13,106 children or 9.2% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old and 14,319 teenagers or 10.1% are between 10 and 19. Of the adult population, 15,026 people or 10.5% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 20,647 people or 14.5% are between 30 and 39, 24,237 people or 17.0% are between 40 and 49, and 18,617 people or 13.1% are between 50 and 59. The senior population distribution is 16,900 people or 11.9% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 11,858 people or 8.3% are between 70 and 79, there are 7,767 people or 5.5% who are over 80.[5]

In 2000 there were 39,438 single family homes (or 38.1% of the total) out of a total of 103,629 inhabited buildings. There were 12,956 two family buildings (12.5%) and 39,313 multi-family buildings (37.9%). There were also 11,922 buildings in the district that were multipurpose buildings (used for both housing and commercial or another purpose).[7]

In 2000 there were 72,885 apartments in the district. The most common apartment size was the 3 room apartment of which there were 20,908. There were 5,376 single room apartments and 14,950 apartments with five or more rooms.[8] Of these apartments, a total of 57,003 apartments (78.2% of the total) were permanently occupied, while 13,691 apartments (18.8%) were seasonally occupied and 2,191 apartments (3.0%) were empty.[8]

The historical population is given in the following table:[9]

year population
1850 36,494
1880 39,447
1900 45,031
1950 63,110
1980 104,559
1990 115,116
2000 128,581

Politics[edit]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the FDP which received 26.24% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the CVP (22.21%), the SP (17.58%) and the Ticino League (16.3%). In the federal election, a total of 38,965 votes were cast, and the voter turnout was 46.5%.[10]

In the 2007 Ticino Gran Consiglio election, there were a total of 83,196 registered voters in the Lugano District, of which 49,848 or 59.9% voted. 722 blank ballots and 125 null ballots were cast, leaving 49,001 valid ballots in the election. The most popular party was the PLRT which received 11,883 or 24.3% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were; the PPD+GenGiova (with 8,382 or 17.1%), the LEGA (with 8,086 or 16.5%) and the SSI (with 8,006 or 16.3%).[11]

In the 2007 Ticino Consiglio di Stato election, 487 blank ballots and 198 null ballots were cast, leaving 49,168 valid ballots in the election. The most popular party was the LEGA which received 11,371 or 23.1% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were; the PLRT (with 11,352 or 23.1%), the PS (with 8,585 or 17.5%) and the PPD (with 8,205 or 16.7%).[11]

Religion[edit]

From the 2000 census, 94,365 or 73.4% were Roman Catholic, while 9,965 or 7.7% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. There are 17,787 individuals (or about 13.83% of the population) who belong to another church (not listed on the census), and 6,464 individuals (or about 5.03% of the population) did not answer the question.[4]

Education[edit]

In the Lugano District there was a total of 22,026 students (as of 2009). The Ticino education system provides up to three years of non-mandatory kindergarten and in the Lugano District there were 3,629 children in kindergarten. The primary school program lasts for five years and includes both a standard school and a special school. In the district, 6,643 students attended the standard primary schools and 246 students attended the special school. In the lower secondary school system, students either attend a two-year middle school followed by a two-year pre-apprenticeship or they attend a four-year program to prepare for higher education. There were 5,421 students in the two-year middle school and 80 in their pre-apprenticeship, while 2,441 students were in the four-year advanced program.

The upper secondary school includes several options, but at the end of the upper secondary program, a student will be prepared to enter a trade or to continue on to a university or college. In Ticino, vocational students may either attend school while working on their internship or apprenticeship (which takes three or four years) or may attend school followed by an internship or apprenticeship (which takes one year as a full-time student or one and a half to two years as a part-time student).[12] There were 1,334 vocational students who were attending school full-time and 1,984 who attend part-time.

The professional program lasts three years and prepares a student for a job in engineering, nursing, computer science, business, tourism and similar fields. There were 248 students in the professional program.[13]

Circles and municipalities[edit]

The district of Lugano has 59 municipalities divided in 12 circles:

Circle of Lugano ovest
Coat of arms Municipality Population
(31 December 2013)[2]
Area
km²
[14]
Lugano Lugano
(east of Cassarate river)
Circle of Lugano est
Lugano Lugano
(west of Cassarate river)
Lugano 62,792 75.98
Circle of the Ceresio
Coat of arms Municipality Population
(31 December 2013)[2]
Area
km²
[14]
Maroggia Maroggia 601 1.00
Rovio Rovio 798 5.53
Brusino Arsizio Brusino Arsizio 472 4.04
Arogno Arogno 960 8.50
Melano Melano 1,418 4.64
Bissone Bissone 879 1.82
Total

5,128

25.53
Circle of Carona
Coat of arms Municipality Population
(31 December 2013)[2]
Area
km²
[14]
Paradiso Paradiso 3,893 0.89
Melide Melide 1,739 1.67
Morcote Morcote 707 2.80
Vico Morcote Vico Morcote 377 1.91
Grancia Grancia 505 0.63
Collina d'Oro Collina d'Oro 4,525 6.1
Total

11,746

14.0
Circle of the Magliasina
Coat of arms Municipality Population
(31 December 2013)[2]
Area
km²
[14]
Caslano Caslano 4,256 2.84
Pura Pura 1,419 3.04
Ponte Tresa Ponte Tresa 806 0.41
Curio Curio 544 2.88
Neggio Neggio 335 0.91
Magliaso Magliaso 1,501 1.09
Total

8,861

11.17
Circle of Agno
Coat of arms Municipality Population
(31 December 2013)[2]
Area
km²
[14]
Agno Agno 4,304 2.49
Bioggio Bioggio 2,560 6.43
Muzzano Muzzano 844 1.57
Cademario Cademario 747 3.96
Vernate Vernate 586 1.51
Total

9,041

15.96
Circle of Sessa
Coat of arms Municipality Population
(31 December 2013)[2]
Area
km²
[14]
Sessa Sessa 684 2.87
Astano Astano 297 3.78
Bedigliora Bedigliora 639 2.48
Croglio Croglio 883 4.38
Monteggio Monteggio 892 3.36
Total

3,395

16.87
Circle of Sonvico
Coat of arms Municipality Population
(31 December 2013)[2]
Area
km²
[14]
Valcolla Valcolla 651 11.34
Total

651

11.34
Circle of Vezia
Coat of arms Municipality Population
(31 December 2013)[2]
Area
km²
[14]
Vezia Vezia 1,966 1.39
Cureglia Cureglia 1,299 1.06
Cadempino Cadempino 1,512 0.76
Lamone Lamone 1,781 1.86
Comano Comano 2,061 2.06
Sorengo Sorengo 1,868 0.85
Massagno Massagno 6,119 0.73
Savosa Savosa 2,159 0.74
Porza Porza 1,595 1.58
Canobbio Canobbio 2,065 1.30
Total

22,425

12.33
Circle of Breno
Coat of arms Municipality Population
(31 December 2013)[2]
Area
km²
[14]
Alto Malcantone Alto Malcantone 1,373 21.92
Novaggio Novaggio 814 4.31
Miglieglia Miglieglia 289 5.13
Aranno Aranno 325 2.72
Total

2,801

34.08
Circle of Capriasca
Coat of arms Municipality Population
(31 December 2013)[2]
Area
km²
[14]
Capriasca Capriasca 6,458 36.35
Ponte Capriasca Ponte Capriasca 1,804 6.20
Origlio Origlio 1,435 2.07
Total

9,697

44.62
Circle of Taverne
Coat of arms Municipality Population
(31 December 2013)[2]
Area
km²
[14]
Torricella-Taverne Torricella-Taverne 3,067 5.24
Monteceneri Monteceneri 4,530 36.9
Mezzovico-Vira Mezzovico-Vira 1,308 10.21
Bedano Bedano 1,529 1.87
Gravesano Gravesano 1,243 0.69
Manno Manno 1,270 2.38
Total

12,947

51.16

Merger and name changes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Il Ticino in cifre, Edizione 2010
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 18 August 2014
  3. ^ Altitudine, superficie, secondo il genere di utilizzazione, rilevazione 1992/1997, e densità della popolazione, nel 2000 (Italian) accessed 25 October 2010
  4. ^ a b Popolazione residente, secondo la lingua principale e la religione, nel 2000 (Italian) accessed 23 November 2010
  5. ^ a b 01.02.03 Popolazione residente permanente (Italian) accessed 23 November 2010
  6. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Superweb database - Gemeinde Statistics 1981-2008 (German) accessed 19 June 2010
  7. ^ 09.02.01 Edifici (Italian) accessed 23 November 2010
  8. ^ a b 09.02.02 Abitazioni (Italian) accessed 23 November 2010
  9. ^ Popolazione residente, dal 1850 (Italian) accessed 23 November 2010
  10. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office, Nationalratswahlen 2007: Stärke der Parteien und Wahlbeteiligung, nach Gemeinden/Bezirk/Canton (German) accessed 28 May 2010
  11. ^ a b Elezioni cantonali: Gran Consiglio, Consiglio di Stato (Italian) accessed 23 November 2010
  12. ^ EDK/CDIP/IDES (2010). KANTONALE SCHULSTRUKTUREN IN DER SCHWEIZ UND IM FÜRSTENTUM LIECHTENSTEIN / STRUCTURES SCOLAIRES CANTONALES EN SUISSE ET DANS LA PRINCIPAUTÉ DU LIECHTENSTEIN (Report). http://edudoc.ch/record/35128/files/Schulsystem_alle.pdf. Retrieved 24 June 2010.
  13. ^ Allievi e studenti, secondo il genere di scuola, anno scolastico 2009/2010 (Italian) accessed 23 November 2010
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Swiss Federal Statistical Office-Land Use Statistics 2009 data (German) accessed 25 March 2010
  15. ^ Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz published by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office (German) accessed 2 January 2013

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 46°0′N 8°57′E / 46.000°N 8.950°E / 46.000; 8.950