Luhansk Oblast

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Luhansk Oblast
Луганська область
Luhans’ka oblast’
Oblast
Flag of Luhansk Oblast
Flag
Coat of arms of Luhansk Oblast
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Eastern gate of Ukraine,[1][2] dawn of Ukraine,[3][4][5] Luhanshchyna, Luhan'
Luhansk in Ukraine (claims hatched).svg
Coordinates: 48°55′N 39°01′E / 48.92°N 39.02°E / 48.92; 39.02Coordinates: 48°55′N 39°01′E / 48.92°N 39.02°E / 48.92; 39.02
Country  Ukraine
Established June 3, 1938
Administrative center Sievierodonetsk
Government
 • Governor Iryna Veryhina (Acting)[6] (Batkivshchyna[8])
 • Oblast council ? seats
 • Chairperson Vladimir Prystyuk[7] (Party of Regions[7])
Area
 • Total 26,684 km2 (10,303 sq mi)
Population (September 1, 2013[9])
 • Total Decrease 2,246,884
 • Rank Ranked 7th
Demographics
 • Official language(s) Ukrainian, Russian
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code ?
Area code +380-64
ISO 3166 code UA-09
Vehicle registration BB
Raions 18
Cities (total)
— Regional cities
37
14
Urban-type settlements 109
Villages 792
FIPS 10-4 UP14
Website loga.gov.ua
oblrada.lg.ua

Luhansk Oblast (Ukrainian: Луганська область, translit. Luhans’ka oblast’, Russian: Луганская область, translit. Luganskaya oblast; also referred to as LuhanshchynaUkrainian: Луганщина is the easternmost oblast (province) of Ukraine. Its administrative center is Luhansk. The oblast was established in 1938 and bore the name Voroshilovgrad Oblast (until 1958 and again 1970 to 1990) in honor of Kliment Voroshilov.

Important cities within the oblast include: Alchevsk, Antratsyt, Brianka, Kirovsk, Krasnyi Luch, Krasnodon, Lysychansk, Luhansk, Pervomaisk, Rovenky, Rubizhne, Sverdlovsk, Sievierodonetsk, Stakhanov.

Geography[edit]

Geographic map

Luhansk Oblast is located in eastern Ukraine. The area of the oblast (26,700 km²), comprises about 4.42% of the total area of the country.

Its longitude from north to south is 250 km, from east to west – 190 km. The oblast has the longest segment of the Ukrainian international border with Russia among other regions (see State Border of Ukraine) consisting of 746 km (464 mi). It borders the Belgorod and Voronezh Oblasts of Russia on the north, while the Rostov Oblast is located to the east and the south. Among Ukrainian regions, the oblast borders the Kharkiv and Donetsk Oblasts to its west.

The region is located in the valley of Siversky Donets which splits the region approximately in half. The southern portion of the region is elevated by the Donetsk Ridge which is located closer to the southern border. The highest point is Mohyla Mechetna (367 m (1,204 ft)) which is the highest point of Donetsk Ridge.

The left bank of Siversky Donets is part of the Starobilsk Plain which to the north transforms into the Central Russian Upland.

History[edit]

The oblast was created in 1938 as Voroshylovhrad (Voroshilovgrad) Oblast after the Donetsk Oblast was split between Voroshylovhrad and Stalino (today Donetsk Oblast) oblasts. After the invasion of Nazi Germany, the region was under a German military administration, due to its proximity to frontlines.

A monument to Don Cossacks in Luhansk. "To the sons of glory and freedom"

During the Soviet times the Oblast carried its current name between 1958 and 1970.

On April 8, 2014, following the 2014 Crimean Crisis, pro-Russian separatists occupying the Luhansk Oblast administrative building planned to declare independence as the Luhansk Parliamentary Republic, after other pro-Russian separatists declared Donetsk People's Republic in the Donetsk Oblast. As the Luhansk Parliamentary Republic ceased to exist, the separatists declared the Luhansk People's Republic and staged a referendum on separating from Ukraine on May 11, 2014. The legitimacy of the referendums was not recognized by any government.[10] Ukraine does not recognize the referendum, while the EU and US said the polls were illegal.[11] Subsequently, the War in Donbass started.

Administrative subdivisions[edit]

Map of the administrative subdivisions of the Luhansk Oblast.

Like the rest of the provinces in Ukraine, Luhansk Oblast has double jurisdiction. The oblast is predominantly administrated by the Luhansk Oblast State Administration headed by the governor of the oblast and appointed by the President of Ukraine. The province also has a representative body, the provincial council, which is headed by its chairman and elected by popular vote.

The province is primarily divided into 18 raions (districts) and 14 miskradas and mistos (cities of regional significance), including the provincial administrative center Luhansk. These are listed below with their areas and populations.[12]

The province's secondary division consists of various municipalities that are governed by their councils. Those municipalities may consist of one or more populated places. All are administratively subordinate to the raion in which they are located. In addition, the city of Luhansk is subdivided into its own four city-districts (boroughs).

Name Local Name Area
(km2)
Population
Census 2001
Population
Estimate
1 Jan 2012
Capital
Alchevsk (city) Алчевськ (місто) 49 119,193 112,071 Alchevsk
Antratsit (city) Антрацит (Міськрада) 61 90,835 78,482 Antratsit
Antratsitivsky (raion) Антрацитівський (район) 1,662 36,971 31,454 Antratsit
Bilokurakynsky (raion) Білокуракинський (район) 1,436 23,807 19,858 Bilokurakyne
Bilovodsky (raion) Біловодський (район) 1,597 27,559 24,459 Bilovodsk
Brianka (city) Брянка (Міськрада) 64 61,357 54,085 Brianca
Kirovsk (city) Кіровськ (Міськрада) 35 45,012 36,708 Kirovsk
Krasnodon (city) Краснодон (Міськрада) 77 118,168 104,640 Krasnodon
Krasnodonsky (raion) Краснодонський (район) 1,386 32,846 29,983 Krasnodon
Krasnyi Luch (city) Красний Луч (Міськрада) 154 145,129 125,166 Krasnyi Luch
Kreminsky (raion) Кремінський (район) 1,627 51,927 42,357 Kreminna
Luhansk (city) Луганськ (Міськрада) 286 503,248 466,627 Luhansk
Lutuhynsky (raion) Лутугинський (район) 1,057 73,914 67,977 Lutuhyne
Lysychansk (city) Лисичанськ (Міськрада) 96 133,258 120,785 Lysychansk
Markivsky (raion) Марківський (район) 1,166 19,002 15,991 Markivka
Milovsky (raion) Міловський (район) 971 17,415 15,696 Milove
Novoaidarsky (raion) Новоайдарський (район) 1,536 28,451 25,618 Novoaidar
Novopskovsky (raion) Новопсковський (район) 1,623 38,322 35,271 Novopskov
Perevalsky (raion) Перевальський (район) 807 87,383 72,387 Perevalsk
Pervomaisk (city) Первомайськ (Міськрада) 89 80,622 70,581 Pervomaisk
Popasniansky (raion) Попаснянський (район) 1,325 50,559 41,232 Popasna
Rovenky (city) Ровеньки (Міськрада) 217 91,712 84,366 Rovenky
Rubizhne (city) Рубіжне (місто) 34 65,322 60,750 Rubizhne
Sieverodonetsk (city) Северодонецьк (Міськрада) 58 129,752 120,264 Sieverodonetsk
Slovianoserbsky (raion) Слов'яносербський (район) 1,113 62,125 55,462 Slovianoserbsk
Stakhanov (city) Стаханов (Міськрада) 92 108,266 92,818 Stakhanov
Stanychno-Luhansy (raion) Станично-Луганський (район) 1,896 52,762 49,732 Stanychno-Luhanske
Starobilsky (raion) Старобільський (район) 1,582 57,755 47,765 Starobilsk
Svativsky (raion) Сватівський (район) 1,739 43,069 37,652 Svatove
Sverdlovsk (city) Свердловськ (Міськрада) 84 110,159 99,024 Sverdlovsk
Sverdlovsky (raion) Свердловський (район) 1,132 14,574 12,210 Sverdlovsk
Troitsky (raion) Троїцький (район) 1,633 25,704 21,205 Troitske
Total Oblast Луганська (Область) 26,683 2,546,178 2,272,676 Luhansk

Demographics[edit]

City Day in Lysychansk

The population is largely Russian-speaking, although ethnic Ukrainians constitute a majority (58.0%). Among the minorities are native Russians (39.1%), Belarusians (0.8%), and others (1.4%). Ukrainians constitute the majority in all raions except for Stanytsia-Luhanska Raion and Krasnodon Raion, both of which are east of Luhansk. Ethnic Russians also constitute the majority in regionally significant cities, such as Krasnodon, Sverdlovsk, Krasnyi Luch and Stakhanov.

According to the 2001 Ukrainian Census, more than 68.8% of the population consider themselves Russian speakers, while Ukrainian speakers were only 30.0%. The Russophone population predominates in the southern portion of the region and around the city of Luhansk, while the northern region is less populated, mostly agricultural and Ukrainophone.

Its population (as of 2004) of 2,461,506 constitutes 5.13% of the overall Ukrainian population. The Luhansk Oblast rates fifth in Ukraine by the number of its inhabitants, having an average population density of 90.28/km². About 87% of the population lives in urban areas, while the remaining 13% reside in agricultural areas. According to the national census, 54% of the population are Ukrainians and 42% are Russians.

Map of Luhansk Oblast and former Slavo-Serbia (1753–64).

Age structure[edit]

0-14 years: 12.3% Increase (male 143,272/female 134,803)
15-64 years: 71.4% Decrease (male 768,544/female 838,639)
65 years and over: 16.3% Steady (male 117,782/female 248,914) (2013 official)

Median age[edit]

total: 42.1 years Increase
male: 38.2 years Increase
female: 45.9 years Increase (2013 official)

Economy[edit]

Economically the region is connected with the Donets Basin.

Extracting industry[edit]

  • Lysychansk Coal
  • Luhansk Coal
  • Sverdlov Anthracite
  • Anthracite
  • Pervomaisk Coal
  • Rovenky Anthracite
  • Donbas Anthracite

Machine building[edit]

Luhanskteplovoz

Metallurgy[edit]

Chemical and oil refinery[edit]

Agriculture[edit]

Power generation[edit]

Transport[edit]

Through the region pass two major European routes E50 and E40. There are 24 international border checkpoints of various entry.

Rail transportation is administered by the Donetsk Railway.

There is also its regional airport Luhansk International Airport with its own carrier.

Education[edit]

Specialized[edit]

Points of interest[edit]

Dal's house in Luhansk
Mścichowski Palace (remnants)

The following sites were nominated for the Seven Wonders of Ukraine.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Oda, UA: LG, 2007 .
  2. ^ Umoloda, Kiev, UA .
  3. ^ Oda, UA: LG, 1930 .
  4. ^ "Territory", 70 years, UA: LG, 2008-03-14 [1977] .
  5. ^ "70 years", Calendar, UA: LG, 2008-04-11 .
  6. ^ Turchynov dismisses head of Luhansk regional state administration, Ukrinform (10 May 2014)
  7. ^ a b Владимир Николаевич ПРИСТЮК [Vladimir nikolaevich Pristyuk] (in Russian), Luhansk Oblast council .
  8. ^ (Ukrainian) Luhansk region now led by the former assistant of Korolevska, ICTV (10 May 2014)
  9. ^ "State Statistics Committee of Ukraine". Retrieved September 1, 2013. 
  10. ^ "Ukraine's Eastern Region Of Luhansk May Now Hold Referendum On Joining Russia". Business Insider. Retrieved 12 May 2014. 
  11. ^ BBC News 12 May 2014
  12. ^ State Statistics Committee of Ukraine, Kiev.
  13. ^ Ukrainian Wikipedia: Палац Мсциховського

External links[edit]