Luhansk Oblast

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Luhansk Oblast
Луганська область
Luhans’ka oblast’
Oblast
Flag of Luhansk Oblast
Flag
Coat of arms of Luhansk Oblast
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Eastern gate of Ukraine,[1][2] dawn of Ukraine,[3][4][5] Luhanshchyna, Luhan'
Luhansk in Ukraine.svg
Coordinates: 48°55′N 39°01′E / 48.92°N 39.02°E / 48.92; 39.02Coordinates: 48°55′N 39°01′E / 48.92°N 39.02°E / 48.92; 39.02
Country  Ukraine
Established June 3, 1938
Administrative center Luhansk
Government
 • Governor Mykhailo Bolotskih[6]
 • Oblast council ? seats
 • Chairperson Vladimir Prystyuk[7] (Party of Regions[7])
Area
 • Total 26,684 km2 (10,303 sq mi)
Population (September 1, 2013[8])
 • Total Decrease 2,246,884
 • Rank Ranked 7th
Demographics
 • Official language(s) Ukrainian, Russian
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code ?
Area code +380-64
ISO 3166 code UA-09
Vehicle registration BB
Raions 18
Cities (total)
— Regional cities
37
14
Urban-type settlements 109
Villages 792
FIPS 10-4 UP14
Website loga.gov.ua
oblrada.lg.ua

Luhansk Oblast (Ukrainian: Луганська область, translit. Luhans’ka oblast’, Russian: Луганская область, translit. Luganskaya oblast; also referred to as LuhanshchynaUkrainian: Луганщина or locally as Luhan' [Лугань][citation needed]) is the easternmost oblast (province) of Ukraine. Its administrative center is Luhansk. The oblast was established in 1938 and bore the name Voroshilovgrad Oblast (until 1958 and again 1970 to 1990) in honor of Kliment Voroshilov.

Important cities within the oblast include: Alchevsk, Antratsyt, Bryanka, Kirovsk, Krasnyi Luch, Krasnodon, Lysychansk, Luhansk, Pervomaisk, Rovenky, Rubizhne, Sverdlovsk, Syeverodonetsk, Stakhanov.

Geography[edit]

Geographic map

The Luhansk Oblast is located in eastern Ukraine. The area of the oblast (26,700 km²), comprises about 4.42% of the total area of the country.

Its longitude from north to south is 250 km, from east to west – 190 km. The oblast has the longest segment of the Ukrainian international border with Russia among other regions (see State Border of Ukraine) consisting of 746 km (464 mi). It borders the Belgorod and Voronezh Oblasts of Russia on the north, while the Rostov Oblast is located to the east and the south. Among Ukrainian regions, the oblast borders the Kharkiv and Donetsk Oblasts to its west.

The region is located in the valley of Siversky Donets which splits the region approximately in half. The southern portion of the region is elevated by the Donetsk Ridge which is located closer to the southern border. The highest point is Mohyla Mechetna (367 m (1,204 ft)) which is the highest point of Donetsk Ridge.

The left bank of Siversky Donets is part of the Starobilsk Plain which to the north transforms into the Central Russian Upland.

History[edit]

The oblast was created in 1938 as Voroshylovhrad (Voroshilovgrad) Obalst after the Donetsk Oblast was split between Voroshylovhrad and Stalino (today Donetsk Oblast) oblasts. After the invasion of Nazi Germany, the region was under a German military administration, due to its proximity to frontlines.

During the Soviet times the oblast carried its current name between 1958 and 1970.

Administrative subdivisions[edit]

Map of the administrative subdivisions of the Luhansk Oblast.

As the rest of regions in Ukraine, Luhansk Oblast has double jurisdiction. The region is predominantly administrated by the Luhansk Region State Administration headed by the governor of the oblast and appointed by the President of Ukraine. The region also has a representative body, the regional council, which is headed by its chairman and elected by popular vote.

The region is primarily divided into:

  • 18 raions (districts)
  • 14 cities (cities of regional significance), including the regional administrative center Luhansk

The region's secondary division consists of various municipalities that are governed by their councils. Those municipalities may consist of one or more populated places. The city of Luhansk is subdivided into its own four city-districts (boroughs).

Raions
Cities

Demographics[edit]

The population is largely Russian-speaking, although ethnic Ukrainians constitute a majority (58%). Among the minorities are native Russians (39%), Belarusians (0.8%), and others (1.4%). Ukrainians constitute the majority in all raions except for Stanytsia-Luhanska Raion and Krasnodon Raion, both of which are east of Luhansk. Ethnic Russians also constitute the majority in regionally significant cities, such as Krasnodon, Sverdlovsk, Krasnyi Luch and Stakhanov.

According to the 2001 Ukrainian Census, more than 68.8% of the population consider themselves Russian speakers, while Ukrainian speakers were only 30%. The Russophone population predominates in the southern portion of the region and around the city of Luhansk, while the northern region is less populated, mostly agricultural and Ukrainophone.

Its population (as of 2004) of 2,461,506 constitutes 5.13% of the overall Ukrainian population. The Luhansk Oblast rates fifth in Ukraine by the number of its inhabitants, having an average population density of 90.28/km². About 87% of the population lives in urban areas, while the remaining 13% reside in agricultural areas. According to the national census, 54% of the population are Ukrainians and 42% are Russians.

Map of Luhansk Oblast and former Slavo-Serbia (1753–64).

Age structure[edit]

0-14 years: 12.3% Increase (male 143,272/female 134,803)
15-64 years: 71.4% Decrease (male 768,544/female 838,639)
65 years and over: 16.3% Steady (male 117,782/female 248,914) (2013 official)

Median age[edit]

total: 42.1 years Increase
male: 38.2 years Increase
female: 45.9 years Increase (2013 official)

Economy[edit]

Economically the region is connected with the Donets Basin.

Extracting industry[edit]

  • Lysychansk Coal
  • Luhansk Coal
  • Sverdlov Anthracite
  • Anthracite
  • Pervomaisk Coal
  • Rovenky Anthracite
  • Donbas Anthracite

Machine building[edit]

Luhanskteplovoz

Metallurgy[edit]

Chemical and oil refinery[edit]

Agriculture[edit]

Power generation[edit]

Transport[edit]

Through the region pass two major European routes E50 and E40. There are 24 international border checkpoints of various entry.

Rail transportation is administered by the Donetsk Railway.

There is also its regional airport Luhansk International Airport with its own carrier.

Education[edit]

Specialized[edit]

Points of interest[edit]

Dal's house in Luhansk
Mscichowski Palace (remnants)

The following sites were nominated for the Seven Wonders of Ukraine.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Oda, UA: LG, 2007 .
  2. ^ Umoloda, Kiev, UA .
  3. ^ Oda, UA: LG, 1930 .
  4. ^ "Territory", 70 years, UA: LG, 2008-03-14 [1977] .
  5. ^ "70 years", Calendar, UA: LG, 2008-04-11 .
  6. ^ Southeastern Ukraine gets invasion of Russian protesters, Kyiv Post (March 7, 2014)
  7. ^ a b Владимир Николаевич ПРИСТЮК [Vladimir nikolaevich Pristyuk] (in Russian), Luhansk Oblast council .
  8. ^ "State Statistics Committee of Ukraine". Retrieved September 1, 2013. 

External links[edit]