Luigi Poletti (architect)

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Luigi Poletti
Rimini piazza cavour.jpg
Piazza Cavour, in Rimini. At the back of the square, the theatre designed by Luigi Poletti (the theatre was built from 1843 to 1857[1]). Both the author and the final date are mentioned in the Latin inscription on the pediment: AERE CIVIVM INGENIO ALOISII POLETTI ANNO MDCCCLVII - Aere civium ingenio Aloisii Poletti Anno MDCCCLVII).
Born 1792
Modena
Died 1869
Milan
Nationality Italian
Projects Reconstruction of San Paolo fuori le Mura, Basilica of Santa Maria degli Angeli, Sant'Andrea degli Scozzesi

Luigi Poletti (1792 in Modena – August 2, 1869 in Milan) was an Italian neoclassical architect.

He initially obtained a doctorate in Mathematics and Philosophy in Bologna. He returns to Modena and becomes engineer of the Garfagnana, and professor of Mechanics and Hydraulics at the University.[1] He then received a stipend to study in Rome. There he studied under Raffaele Stern.

In 1823, the ancient Basilica of San Paolo fuori le Mura, one of the seven pilgrimage churches of Rome, was destroyed by fire. When plans for a new church were announced, a great hue arose from the neoclassic adherents of the past, such as Carlo Fea, who advocated for the church to be rebuilt as an exact replica of the past. Initially Pasquale Belli was hired, but soon after was replaced by Poletti who promised a closer replica. But he proposed to build a church as if the original builders had returned and, in their spirit, availed themselves of all the erudition compiled in the interim, revisiting the design and correcting its errors.[2]

Poletti also added a choir to the Pantheon in 1840 and built the theaters in Fano (1845–1863), Rimini (1843–1857) and Terni (1840–1848).[3] He rebuilt the church of San Venanzio in Camerino, which had fallen in the earthquake of 1792. After the damage from an earthquake in 1832, he rebuilt (1836–40) the Basilica of Santa Maria degli Angeli in Assisi. He built the Cathedral of Montalto delle Marche on the foundations that had been started under Pope Sixtus V. He designed the church of San Filippo in the town of Nocera. He completed the chapel and altar of Santissima Maria (called dell'acqua) in San Francesco in Rimini. he built a similar chapel in Fossombrone. he designed the lighthouse and arsenal in the port of Ripagrande. He designed the Palazzo Ceccopieri in via di Monte Catino. He designed a number of funereal monuments in and around Rome including one dedicated to Vincenzo Casciani (1832) in the Costa Chapel, Santa Maria del Popolo and to the papal architect Cavalierie Pietro Bosio in the Campo Santo.

He also reconstructed Sant'Andrea degli Scozzesi in Rome (1869). His pupils included Virginio Vespignani. He also helped design the Column of the Immaculate Conception, Rome.

References[edit]

  1. ^ artistica: pubblicazione mensile, illustrata, Volume 1, Number 4, By G. Giucci, Editor, Raffaello Ojetti, 1872, page 25-28
  2. ^ The Architecture of Modern Italy: The Challenge of Tradition 1750-1900 By Terry Kirk, page 173
  3. ^ Ashton Rollins Willard, History of modern Italian art, op. cit., 1902, p. 527 (online from Internet Archive)

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