Luis Enríquez Bacalov (born 30 March 1933) is an Argentinian- Italian composer of film scores. Early on in his career, he composed scores for Spaghetti Western films. In the early 1970s, he collaborated with Italian progressive rock bands. Bacalov has been nominated twice for the Academy Award for Original Score, winning it in 1996 for . Bacalov has composed significant works for Il Postino chorus and orchestra. Presently he is the artistic director of the in Orchestra della Magna Grecia Taranto, Italy. [2 ]
Life and career [ edit ]
Luis Bacalov was born in
Buenos Aires, of partial Bulgarian origin: his grandparents were Banat Bulgarians who emigrated to Argentina and their familiar tradition is [3 ] Jewish. Early on in his career, he composed scores for [1 ] Spaghetti Western films, including , Django and Storm Rider . The Price of Power
Bacalov has been nominated twice for
Academy Award for Original Score—music adaptation or treatment— in 1967 for , and winning the The Gospel According to St. Matthew award for in 1996. Il Postino
In the early 1970s, he collaborated with
Italian progressive rock bands such as New Trolls, on their 1971 album, Concerto grosso per i New Trolls, [4 ] Osanna, on the band's second album, Preludio Tema Variazioni e Canzona releaased in 1972, and [5 ] Il Rovescio della Medaglia for the 1973 release of their third album, Contaminazione. [6 ]
Bacalov has also composed significant works for
chorus and orchestra, including his Misa Tango (1997), a work setting a Spanish-language adaptation of the classic liturgical Mass to the tango rhythms of his native Argentina. The standard Mass text has been significantly truncated in accordance with Bacalov's desire that the work appeal to those of all Abrahamic faiths: Christians, Muslims and Jews. All references to [1 ] Christ — except for the Lamb of God ( Latin: ) — have been deleted. Agnus Dei Credo, the third and longest text part of a sung Mass, has been reduced to most of its first strophe and part of the second one: " " (" Credo in unum Deum, ... omnipotentem, factorem cœli et terrae. I believe in one God, ... Almighty, Maker of heaven and earth") plus " Amen" at the end. Misa Tango debuted in Rome with Plácido Domingo as solo tenor in 2000 and was later recorded by Deutsche Grammophon with Plácido Domingo (tenor), Ana María Martínez (mezzo-soprano) and Héctor Ulises Passarella ( bandoneón).
Cantones de Nuestro Tiempos ( Psalms for our Times: The Cambridge Psalms) (2006), a commissioned work with text from the Psalms of David for baritone and soprano soloists, orchestra and chorus, which had its world premiere at Sanders Theatre in Cambridge, Massachusetts, in spring 2006 by the Cambridge Community Chorus (William E. Thomas, Music Director). This followed the 19 May 2002 U.S. premiere performance of "Misa Tango" also at Harvard University's Sanders Theatre (William E. Thomas, Music Director).
Two of his songs, "
The Grand Duel (Parte Prima)" and "Summertime Killer", were used in Quentin Tarantino's film (2003). Tarantino also used three Bacalov songs from the Spaghetti western era in his 2012 movie Kill Bill : "Django" and "La Corsa (2nd Version)" originally from Django Unchained (1966), and "Lo Chiamavano King" from Django His Name Was King.
Bacalov was the first to write a triple-concerto for
bandoneón, piano, soprano and symphony orchestra: Tango Music with Symphonic Proportions.
As of 2014, he is the principal director of
Orchestra della Magna Grecia in Taranto, southern Italy.
Discography [ edit ]
Studio albums [ edit ]
We Still Kill the Old Way (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack) ( LP; United Artists) 1971
Pitturamusica (LP; Generalmusic) 1972
Paesaggi (LP; Generalmusic) 1975
Desbandes by Gato Barbieri and Luis Bacalov (LP; Vista) 1979
Sincretic 1 by Luis Bacalov and Giovanni Tommaso 1980
La cité des femmes (LP; Général Music France) 1984
Le Juge (CD; Ltd; Music Box Records) 1985
Le Transfuge (CD; Ltd; Music Box Records) 1985
Django (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack) (Intermezzo, Generalmusic) 1986
Quién Sabe? (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack) (Intermezzo, Generalmusic) 1992
Il Prezzo del potere (Original Soundtrack) ( CD; CAM) 1993
Luis Bacalov Plays Nino Rota (CD; CAM) 1994
The Postman ( Il Postino) (CD; Miramax Records) 1994
Anni Ribelli (Original Soundtrack) (CD; CAM) 1995
A ciascuno il suo / Una questione d'onore (Original Soundtracks) (CD, RE; Point Records 1995
La più grande rapina del west / L'oro dei bravados (Original Soundtracks) (CD, RE, Ltd.; GDM Music) 1995
Il grande duello / Si può fare... amigo (Original Soundtracks) (CD; Point Records) 1995
Ricatto alla Mala / La polizia è al servizio del cittadino? (Original Soundtracks) (CD; Point Records) 1996
Il Vangelo secondo Matteo (Original Soundtrack) (CD, RE, RCA) 1997
Concerto Premio Rota 1996' (CD, RM; CAM) 1997
La tregua (" The Truce") (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack) (CD; CAM) 1999
Milonga (Original Soundtrack) (CD; RCA) 2000
Lo chiamavano King... / Monta in sella!! Figlio di... / Partirono preti, tornarono... curati (Original Soundtracks) (CD, RM, Ltd.; Screen Trax) 2003
Sugar Colt (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack) (CD; GDM Music) 2007
Per amore by Ennio Morricone and Luis Bacalov (Colonna Sonora Originale) (CD, RE, RM; GDM Music) 2007
I quattro del Pater Noster (Original Soundtrack) (CD, R; Verita Note 2008
A qualsiasi prezzo (CD; Verita Note) 2010
Coup de foudre (CD, Ltd.; Quartet Records) 2010
Lo Scatenato / La Pecora / Nera (CD; Verita Note) 2010
Summertime Killer (The Complete Original Soundtrack In Full Stereo) (CD, RE, RM, Ltd.; Quartet)
Extended plays [ edit ]
Una questione d'onore ( Dischi Ricordi SRL 10-412) 1973
The Summertime Killer (Seven Seas Music FM-1044S) 2002
In Lounge (Giaguaro Records GRC 005)
Singles [ edit ]
Franco Migliacci, Robert Mellin, Luis Bacalov) (1966 Django Dischi Parade PRC 5001 – Seven Seas Music HIT-1376; 1967 7", as "Django" / "Django-Thema", Vogue Schallplatten DV 14626) "Sugar Colt"
(1966 Dischi Parade PRC 5007; 1967 7" Zafiro) "A ciascuno il suo"
(1967 7" Dischi Parade PRC 5029) "Lo scatenato" / "Se chiudi gli occhi" (from
Lo scatenato) (1967 7" Dischi Parade PRC 5047) "Run and Run Like a Play" / "Country Lovers" (from
The Summertime Killers) (1972 7" Delta Italiana ZD 50221) "Fandango" (from
L'uomo che sfidò l'organizzazione) (1975 7" CBS 3668) "Il lungo viaggio" / "Memorie" (from
Il lungo viaggio) (1975 7" RCA TBBO 1179) "Che ce voj fà / Carrefour (from
Colpita da improvviso benessere) (1976 7" RCA TBBO 1187) "Che fare?"
(1979 7" Generalmusic GMN 5005) "A Suitcase Full of Memories" / "Mélodie pour un réve" (from
Le jeune marié) (1983 7" Général Music France 801.045) "In Lounge"
(2002 7" Giaguaro Records)
2003 Appears on:
Kill Bill Vol. 1 Unreleased Tracks [Various Artists] 2009 Appears on:
Bicycle, Bicycle, Bicycle, I Want to Ride My Bicycle Mixtape!!! [Various Artists]
References [ edit ]
^ a b c Italian television, TG2 Mizar, 08.09.2014, (The Gospels according to La musica, il cinema e materia: Il vangelo secondo PPP vis(su)to da Luis E. Bacalov Pier Paolo Pasolini seen and lived by Luis E. Bacalov), at 00:10:35. See also Giuseppina Manin, in Bacalov in concerto, il tango diventa una messa Corriere della sera, 1 October 2000, page 35.
^ "Bacalov: "Più attenzione per l'orchestra ICO della Magna Grecia (in Italian). 7 July 2014 "" [Bacalov: "More care for the Orchestra ICO della Magna Grecia"] . Retrieved . 10 August 2014
^ Moskov, Nikolay (2013-02-01). "The composer of Django Unchained — a Banat Bulgarian". (in Bulgarian) (Sofia: VGB) 24 Chasa . Retrieved . 21 June 2013
^ New Trolls. ItalianProg.com.
^ Osanna. ItalianProg.com.
^ Il Rovescio della Medaglia. ItalianProg.com.
External links [ edit ]
Two excerpts sung by the
Cambridge Community Chorus, including "Misa Tango" and "Cantos Para Neustros Tiempos: The Cambridge Psalms"