Luis Castañeda Lossio
|Metropolitan Mayor of Lima|
1 January 2003 – 11 October 2010
|Preceded by||Alberto Andrade|
|Succeeded by||Marco Parra|
1 January 2015
|Preceded by||Susana Villarán|
June 21, 1945 |
|Political party||National Solidarity (Peru)|
Óscar Luis Castañeda Lossio (born June 21, 1945) is a Peruvian politician who was Mayor of Lima, Peru, from 2003 to 2010. He became Mayor of Lima again in 2015, after being elected for a third nonconsecutive term with a 51% of popular vote, that lasts until December 2018. He ran for President of Peru in 2000, prior to his municipal reign, and in 2011, obtaining the fifth place with 9%.
Life and politics
Castañeda, who was born in Chiclayo and lived in the Casa Castañeda, is the son of Carlos Castañeda Iparraguirre and Ida Lossio. His father is remembered as one of the most important mayors of Chiclayo. As a little child he used to inspect with his father the works in progress at the city. From his marriage with Rosario Pardo, he has two sons: Luis Castañeda Pardo and Darío Castañeda Pardo.
He was trained as a lawyer at the Catholic University of Peru, he got a Masters degree at the Centro de Altos Estudios Militares del Perú. In Sweden and Mexico he got a Professional Diploma in Management. In 1981, he started as a member of Popular Action party, working with many of the former mayors of Lima as Alfonso Barrantes Lingán.
Between 1990-1996, during Fujimori's government, he was the President of the National Institute of Public Health IPPS, now known as ESSALUD. He had also a controversial participacion in La Caja del Pescador, an entity that works in benefit of the fishermen. In 2000, he ran as a candidate of his own party National Solidarity Party, in the presidential elections, but failed to make it to the run-off elections.
In 2002, he participated in the elections for mayor with the National Unity Party, defeating Mayor Alberto Andrade. Castañeda started out as a very popular mayor, with a popularity index close to 79%. He won re-election as the city's mayor in November 2006 with 48% of the vote.
In 2011, SN (lead by Luis Castañeda Lossio) decided to run for presidency. Nevertheless and unsuccessfully, they only managed to gather around 9.5% of the votes.
On March 15, 2013 audio recordings leaked to the press were broadcast over national television revealing that Luis Castañeda Lossio was indeed in charge of the campaign to recall Lima's first female Mayor, Susana Villaran. Before the leaks Castañeda Lossio had publicly denied his involvement in the recall process.
In 2014, he ran for Mayor of Lima, winning the election by a landslide on October 5, trailing her rival and current mayor Susana Villarán to the third place (10%), and surprisingly, giving 18% to APRA candidate Enrique Cornejo. He assumed office on January 1, 2015.
Castañeda has attracted criticism for various policies that seen as retrogressive attempts to erase the legacy of his predecessor. These include erasing murals commissioned by Villarán, undoing reforms she had made to Lima's public transit system, and barring the public from city council meetings. Indigenous people In Lima fear that they may also be evicted from homes that Villarán had given them.
- "Lima, Peru’s First Female Mayor Survives Recall Vote". Hispanically Speaking News.
- Tegel, Simeon (17 Mar 2015). "The mayor of Lima is getting compared to the Islamic State for painting over murals". Global Post. Retrieved 12 May 2015.
- Collyns, Dan (4 May 2015). "Indigenous Amazonians fear eviction from Lima, their home for three decades". The Guardian. Retrieved 12 May 2015.
|Mayor of Lima
Marco Parra Sánchez