Luis Enrique (footballer)
Luis Enrique managing FC Barcelona in 2014
|Full name||Luis Enrique Martínez García|
|Date of birth||8 May 1970|
|Place of birth||Gijón, Spain|
|Height||1.80 m (5 ft 11 in)|
|1984–1988||→ La Braña (loan)|
|* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only.
† Appearances (Goals).
As a player his usual position was right or attacking midfielder, but he was notable for his versatility, having played in all positions throughout his career except central defender and goalkeeper.
Starting in 1991 and ending in 2004 he represented both Real Madrid and Barcelona, with equal individual and team success, appearing in more than 500 official games and scoring more than 100 goals. He appeared with the Spanish national team in three World Cups and one European Championship, and was also noted for his temperament and stamina. In 2004 he was named by Pelé on the FIFA 100 list of the world's greatest living players for FIFA's centenary.
Luis Enrique was born in Gijón, Asturias. In 1988, he started playing for Sporting de Gijón B, and was two years later moved to its first team, Sporting de Gijón, where he in the league scored 14 goals in 36 apps. In 1991, he made a move to Real Madrid. During his time there, he won the league and Copa del Rey and also scored against Barcelona in famous match that ended 5–0 in favor of Real Madrid. Nevertheless, Luis Enrique did not enjoy his time in Madrid, and would many years later claim that "he rarely felt appreciated by the Real Madrid supporters and didn't have good memories there." During 1996, in a stunning move, Luis Enrique saw out his contract and moved to fierce rivals FC Barcelona on a free transfer. The Catalan club's supporters were at first hesitant about their new acquisition, but he soon won the culés' hearts, staying eight years with the club, eventually becoming first-team captain and scoring several times in El Clásico against his former employers.
In his first three seasons with Barcelona Luis Enrique netted 46 La Liga goals, with Barcelona finishing runner-up in 1996–97 and subsequently winning back-to-back domestic championship accolades. Furthermore, he was also in the 1997-98 season named as La Liga's player of the year.
During his final years in Barcelona he was often injured, and did not want to renew his contract. He had been offered a contract by his first club Sporting de Gijón, which he, however, declined, stating that "he wouldn't be able to reach the level he demanded of myself," and that "he wouldn't be doing Sporting much of a favor by going there." His concerns about his level and fitness made him retire on 10 August 2004, at the age of 34. Luis Enrique finished his professional career with league totals of 400 games and 102 goals, being named by Pelé as one of the top 125 greatest living footballers in March.
Luis Enrique played for Spain in three FIFA World Cups: 1994, 1998 and 2002 (as well as UEFA Euro 1996), and scored 12 goals while gaining 62 caps. He was also a member of the gold-winning squad at the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona, and made his debut for the main side on 17 April 1991, featuring for 22 minutes in a 0–2 friendly loss to Romania in Cáceres.
In the 1994 World Cup, held in the United States, Luis Enrique scored his first international goal, in the round-of-16 3–0 win over Switzerland in Washington DC. In the 1–2 quarter-final defeat against Italy, Mauro Tassotti's elbow made contact with his face to bloody effect, the action being of such impact that he reportedly lost a pint of blood as a result, but during the match the incident went unpunished – Tassotti was banned for eight games afterwards, and never played internationally again; when Spain met Italy at Euro 2008 on 22 June, to battle for a place in the semi-finals, Luis Enrique reportedly called for the team to "take revenge" on Italy for the 1994 World Cup incident. Tassotti, now an assistant coach at A.C. Milan, told Marca newspaper that he was tired of always being reminded of this incident, and that he had never intended to hurt the Spaniard.
At the 1998 World Cup Luis Enrique played a major role in a 6–1 routing of Bulgaria in the last game of the group, scoring and assisting once and also winning a penalty, but the Spaniards were eliminated nonetheless. On 5 June of the following year he netted a hat-trick, in a 9–0 win in Villarreal over San Marino for the Euro 2000 qualifiers. On 23 June 2002, Luis Enrique retired from international football, in order to give the younger players more playing time and focus only on his club.
|1.||2 July 1994||RFK Memorial, Washington, United States||Switzerland||2–0||3–0||1994 World Cup|
|2.||16 November 1994||Sánchez Pizjuán, Seville, Spain||Denmark||3–0||3–0||Euro 1996 qualifying|
|3.||17 December 1994||Constant Vanden Stock, Brussels, Belgium||Belgium||1–4||1–4||Euro 1996 qualifying|
|4.||4 September 1996||Svangaskarð, Toftir, Faroe Islands||Faroe Islands||0–1||2–6||1998 World Cup qualification|
|5.||13 November 1996||Heliodoro Rodríguez López, Tenerife, Spain||Slovakia||3–1||4–1||1998 World Cup qualification|
|6.||11 October 1997||El Molinón, Gijón, Spain||Faroe Islands||1–0||3–1||1998 World Cup qualification|
|7.||11 October 1997||El Molinón, Gijón, Spain||Faroe Islands||3–1||3–1||1998 World Cup qualification|
|8.||24 June 1998||Félix Bollaert, Lens, France||Bulgaria||2–0||6–1||1998 World Cup|
|9.||5 June 1999||El Madrigal, Villarreal, Spain||San Marino||2–0||9–0||Euro 2000 qualifying|
|10.||5 June 1999||El Madrigal, Villarreal, Spain||San Marino||6–0||9–0||Euro 2000 qualifying|
|11.||5 June 1999||El Madrigal, Villarreal, Spain||San Marino||7–0||9–0||Euro 2000 qualifying|
|12.||4 September 1999||Ernst Happel, Vienna, Austria||Austria||1–3||1–3||Euro 2000 qualifying|
Luis Enrique was sponsored by sportswear company Nike and appeared in Nike commercials. In a global Nike advertising campaign in the run-up to the 2002 World Cup in Korea and Japan, he starred in a "Secret Tournament" commercial (branded "Scopion KO") directed by Terry Gilliam, appearing alongside football players such as Thierry Henry, Ronaldo, Francesco Totti, Ronaldinho, Luís Figo, Roberto Carlos and Hidetoshi Nakata, with former player Eric Cantona the tournament "referee".
On 18 June 2008 Luis Enrique returned to Barcelona, taking over the reins of the B team, renamed Barcelona Atlètic for that season. As he succeeded longtime Barcelona teammate Pep Guardiola, he stated: "I have come home", and "I finished playing here and now I will start coaching here."; as his predecessor he too eventually had success, helping the club return to division two in his second season, after an absence of 11 years.
In mid-March 2011, Luis Enrique announced his departure from Barcelona B at the end of the season, despite still having two years left on his contract. He led the side to the playoffs, but it was ineligible for promotion.
On 8 June 2011, Luis Enrique reached an agreement with Serie A club A.S. Roma to become the Giallorossi's new head coach. He signed a two-year contract, being joined by a staff of four members, including Iván de la Peña who played two years for crosstown rivals S.S. Lazio, as technical collaborator.
Roma was eliminated from the UEFA Europa League by ŠK Slovan Bratislava, amid great discussion of the substitution of legendary Francesco Totti for Stefano Okaka Chuka. The capital team also lost their first game in the league against Cagliari Calcio, making it just the third time that it lost the opener in 18 years.
On 8 June 2013 Luis Enrique became Celta de Vigo's new manager, replacing former national teammate Abel Resino. He led the Galicians to the ninth position in his first and only season, highlights including a 2–0 home win against Real Madrid that ended the opposition's possibilities of winning the league title.
On 16 May 2014, Luis Enrique announced that he would be leaving Celta.
On 19 May 2014, it was announced that Luis Enrique would return to Barcelona as a manager, after he agreed to a two-year deal. He was recommended by sporting director Andoni Zubizarreta, his former national teammate.
Luis Enrique's first competitive match was a 3–0 home league win over Elche CF; he handed debuts to new signings Claudio Bravo, Jérémy Mathieu and Ivan Rakitić, and gave youth products Rafinha, Sandro Ramírez and Munir El Haddadi their league debuts for the club, Summer signing Luis Suárez was unavailable for selection, due to a suspension, for biting Giorgio Chiellini earlier in the summer at the 2014 FIFA World Cup. On 25 October, Luis Enrique suffered his first defeat in La Liga away against Real Madrid. Although Barcelona had a successful run in 2015, his management came under scrutiny because of his tactics involving several lineup changes in consecutive games in the 2014 matches. Plus, a quarrel with striker Lionel Messi and other members of the team further accentuated the team's poor form.
After an away loss to Real Sociedad, there was a significant upturn in Barcelona's form as a result of Luis Enrique deciding on a settled line up. Luis Enrique equaled Pep Guardiola's record of eleven consecutive victories. Barcelona beat Atletico Madrid and Villarreal convincingly in the Copa del Rey to advance to the final with Athletic Bilbao. In La Liga, Barcelona won eight of the next nine matches to return to the top of La Liga after fifteen weeks. Barcelona completely outplayed Manchester City at their home ground in the first leg of the Champions league with Suárez scoring two clinical goals. Barcelona beat Manchester city 1-0 in the return leg and advanced to the quarter finals of the Champions league for the eight consecutive year which is a record. Luis Enrique won his first Camp Nou Clasico as manager when Barcelona beat Real Madrid 2-1 at the Camp Nou to create a four-point lead over Madrid in La Liga.
After retiring from football, Luis Enrique lived for a while in Australia to practice surfing. He took part in the 2005 edition of the New York City Marathon, finished the Amsterdam Marathon in 2006, the Firenze Marathon in 2007 and the Marathon des Sables in 2008, while also entering and finishing Frankfurt Ironman in 2007. He was supposed to take part in the Klagenfurt Ironman in July 2008, but eventually declined due to his engagement as manager of Barcelona B.
- Real Madrid
- La Liga: 1997–98, 1998–99
- Copa del Rey: 1996–97, 1997–98
- Supercopa de España: 1996
- UEFA Cup Winners' Cup: 1996–97
- UEFA Super Cup: 1997
- As of 15 April 2015
|Barcelona B||18 June 2008||5 June 2011||118||57||36||25||200||135||+65||48.31|
|Roma||8 June 2011||13 May 2012||42||17||9||16||60||54||+6||40.48|
|Celta||8 June 2013||18 May 2014||40||15||7||18||49||54||-5||37.50|
|Barcelona||19 May 2014||Present||50||42||3||5||140||31||+109||84.00|
- Antic: "Estoy seguro de que mi sistema es bueno" (Antic: "I'm sure my system is good"); El País, 17 August 1991 (Spanish)
- El Madrid desborda a un lastimoso Sevilla (Madrid tears pityful Sevilla apart); El País, 29 September 1991 (Spanish)
- El Madrid intentará golear al Logroñés en el Bernabéu (Madrid will try to rout Logroñés at the Bernabéu); El País, 14 March 1993 (Spanish)
- El jugador más versátil (The most versatile player); El Mundo Deportivo, 12 August 1997 (Spanish)
- Dudas (Doubts); El Mundo Deportivo, 25 September 1998 (Spanish)
- Adriano: el "relevo" de Luis Enrique (Adriano: Luis Enrique's "replacement"); Barcelona's official website, 22 July 2010 (Spanish)
- "Pele's list of the greatest". BBC. 4 March 2004. Retrieved 31 May 2011.
- Lowe, Sid (Oct 23, 2014). "Barca manager Luis Enrique doesn't have fond memories of Real Madrid". ESPN FC. Retrieved 28 February 2015.
- "Luis Enrique ficha por el Barça por cinco temporadas" [Luis Enrique signs for Barça for five seasons] (in Spanish). El País. 28 May 1996. Retrieved 20 May 2014.
- "Un gol con sabor a venganza" [Revenge-flavoured goal] (in Spanish). El País. 2 November 1997. Retrieved 20 May 2014.
- "La cincuentena de Luis Enrique" [Luis Enrique's fifty] (in Spanish). El País. 9 October 1997. Retrieved 20 May 2014.
- "Luis Enrique, 'pichichi' con 11 goles" [Luis Enrique, 'pichichi' with 11 goals] (in Spanish). El País. 21 December 1997. Retrieved 20 May 2014.
- Luis Enrique bows out; BBC Sport, 10 August 2004
- Pele's list of the greatest; BBC Sport, 4 March 2004
- De nuevo vencidos y sin gloria (Again beaten hopelessly); El Mundo Deportivo, 18 April 1991 (Spanish)
- "New Barcelona boss Luis Enrique scores for Spain at 1994 World Cup". BBC Sport. 20 May 2014. Retrieved 20 May 2014.
- "Luis Enrique full of respect". BBC Sport. 20 June 2002. Retrieved 16 July 2014.
- Date set for Hendry decision; BBC Sport, 3 April 2001
- Luis Enrique: "Espero que Villa me vengue ante Italia" (Luis Enrique: "I hope Villa avenges me against Italy"); Marca, 18 June 2008 (Spanish)
- "Spain beats Bulgaria 6–1 but fails to qualify". Sports Illustrated. 19 September 1998. Retrieved 20 May 2014.
- "Líderes con otro 9–0" [Leaders with another 9–0] (in Spanish). El Mundo Deportivo. 6 June 1999. Retrieved 21 May 2014.
- Luis Enrique calls time; BBC Sport, 23 June 2002
- "A lighter shoe, cooler kits, a faster ball, a Secret Tournament – every touch counts". NikeBiz (Nike). Retrieved 21 July 2012.
- Cozens, Claire (3 April 2002). "Cantona hosts World Cup with a difference". The Guardian (Guardian News and Media). Retrieved 21 July 2012.
- Luis Enrique, nuevo entrenador del Barcelona B (Luis Enrique, new Barcelona B coach); El País, 26 May 2008 (Spanish)
- Luis Enrique se va a final de temporada (Luis Enrique leaves at the end of season); Barcelona's official website, 15 March 2011 (Spanish)
- "Luis Enrique ha firmato "Farò calcio spettacolo"" [Luis Enrique has signed "I will produce spectacular football"] (in Italian). La Repubblica. 8 June 2011. Retrieved 8 June 2011.
- Serie A – Enrique's Roma lose opener; Yahoo! Sports, 11 September 2011
- Luis Enrique's Roma experiment going up in smoke; Four Four Two, 26 April 2012
- Luis Enrique lascia la Roma: Per me è una sconfitta (Luis Enrique leaves Roma: For me it's a loss); La Presse, 10 May 2012 (Italian)
- "Luis Enrique appointed Celta boss". ESPN FC. 8 June 2013. Retrieved 19 May 2014.
- "Luis Enrique: "Hemos aprovechado sus errores"" [Luis Enrique: "We took advantage of their mistakes"] (in Spanish). Marca. 11 May 2014. Retrieved 20 May 2014.
- "Luis Enrique to leave Celta Vigo amid rumours he is set for Barcelona". The Guardian. 16 May 2014. Retrieved 19 May 2014.
- "Luis Enrique signs two year deal as new FC Barcelona manager". FC Barcelona. 19 May 2014. Retrieved 19 May 2014.
- "Barcelona appoint Luis Enrique as first-team coach". BBC Sport. 19 May 2014. Retrieved 19 May 2014.
- Cryer, Andy (24 August 2014). "Barcelona 3-0 Elche". BBC Sport. Retrieved 25 August 2014.
- Luis Enrique correrá el Maratón de las Arenas (Luis Enrique to run Marathon des Sables); Marca, 12 February 2008 (Spanish)
- Includes the Supercopa de España
- Luis Enrique Martínez García – Goals in International Matches; at RSSSF
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Luis Enrique Martínez García.|
- BDFutbol player profile
- BDFutbol coach profile
- National team data
- Luis Enrique at National-Football-Teams.com
- Luis Enrique – FIFA competition record
|FC Barcelona captain