Luis de Córdova y Córdova

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This name uses Spanish naming customs: the first or paternal family name is Córdova and the second or maternal family name is Córdova.
Admiral Luis de Cordova y Cordova
Luis de Cordova y Cordova Laso de la Vega.jpg
Portrait of Don Luis de Córdova y Córdova, Museo Naval de Madrid.
Born 8 February 1706
Sevilla, Spain
Died 29 December 1796(1796-12-29) (aged 90)
Cádiz, Spain
Allegiance  Spain
Service/branch  Spanish Navy
Rank Admiral
Battles/wars

Spanish-Barbary conflict

War of the Polish Succession

American Revolutionary War

Luis de Córdova y Córdova (8 February 1706 – 29 December 1796) was a Spanish admiral. He is best known for his command of the Spanish fleet during the American War of Independence. His best remembered actions were the capture of two British convoys totalling 79 ships between 1780 and 1782, including the capture of 55 ships from a convoy composed of Indiamen, and other cargo ships 60 leagues off Cape St. Vincent.[1][2] In 1782 he battled the Royal Navy to a stalemate at the Battle of Cape Spartel, but failed to prevent the British relieving the Great Siege of Gibraltar.

Early life[edit]

Córdova was born in Seville to don Juan de Córdova Lasso de la Vega y Puente, a mariner, navy captain, and knight of the Order of Calatrava, and doña Clemencia Fernández de Córdova Lasso de la Vega Veintimiglia, daughter of the Marquis of Vado del Maestre and first-cousin of her husband. He was baptised at San Miguel parish on 12 February.

His inclination toward the sea began at a young age — at 11 he enlisted aboard his father's ship and by 13 he had made his first journey to America. In 1721 he joined the naval academy at Cádiz and by 1723 graduated with the rank of Alférez de Fragata (ensign). The first lap of his career was marked by successful cruises and actions at sea that won the approval of his superiors and even the praise of the King. In 1730 Córdova had the distinction of commanding the naval escort for the Duke of Parma, Infante Carlos de Borbón (later Charles III of Spain), who journeyed across the Mediterranean en route to the campaigns in Italy. Carlos and his generals went on to reconquer the Kingdom of Naples for the Bourbons at the Battle of Bitonto, with naval assistance from a squadron commanded by Córdova.

The city of Cordova, Alaska was named after him.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Hattendorf, John: Naval policy and strategy in the Mediterranean: past, present, and future. Taylor & Francis, 2000, page 37. ISBN 0-7146-8054-0
  2. ^ Harbron, John: Trafalgar and the Spanish Navy. Conway Maritime Press, 1988, page 84. ISBN 0-85177-477-6