Infanta Luisa Fernanda, Duchess of Montpensier
|Infanta Luisa Fernanda|
|Duchess of Montpensier|
|Infanta Luisa Fernanda|
|Spouse||Prince Antoine d'Orléans, Duke of Montpnesier|
|Infanta María Isabel, Countess of Paris
María de las Mercedes, Queen of Spain
Infante Antonio, Duke of Galliera
|María Luisa Fernanda|
|House||House of Bourbon|
|Father||Ferdinand VII of Spain|
|Mother||Princess Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies|
30 January 1832|
Royal Palace of Madrid, Spain
|Died||2 February 1897
San Telmo Palace, Seville, Spain
7 February 1897|
Infantes Pantheon, Royal Monastery of San Lorenzo de El Escorial, Spain
Infanta María Luisa Fernanda of Spain (30 January 1832 – 2 February 1897) was Infanta of Spain and Duchess of Montpensier. She was the youngest daughter of king Ferdinand VII of Spain and his fourth wife Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies, the queen-regent, who was also his niece.
When her elder sister Isabella II of Spain succeeded to the throne, Infanta Luisa Fernanda was heiress-presumptive to the crown between 1833 and 1851, when Isabella's oldest surviving daughter was born.
Isabella had been engaged to their first cousin Francis, Duke of Cádiz, who was known to be homosexual and rumored impotent. Their kinsman, king Louis Philippe of France calculated that no children would be born from Isabella's marriage, and planned the crown of Spain to eventually devolve to his own grandchildren. For this purpose, Luisa Fernanda was engaged to Antoine, Duke of Montpensier (1824–90), the youngest son of king Louis Philippe, who also was Luisa's mother's first cousin.
Luisa Fernanda, only 14 years old, and Duke Antoine, 22, had their nuptials on 10 October 1846 as a double wedding with Isabella and Francis', and young Antoine was elevated to the rank of an Infante of Spain. The couple moved to Paris and later to Sevilla.
The relationship between Isabella and her sister was tense, due to Antoine's conspiracies against the queen.
Antoine's father was deposed in 1848. The same year, the then 16-year-old Luisa Fernanda gave birth to their first child, Maria Isabel. After Isabella was deposed, the family went to exile. Luisa returned to Sevilla years later, already widowed, where she died. She is buried at Escorial.
Luisa Fernanda and Antoine had nine children, but only five reached adulthood.
- Infanta Maria Isabel (1848–1919), who married her first cousin Philippe, comte de Paris (1838–94), the French claimant, and became known as Marie Isabelle, comtesse de Paris. She had several children.
- Infanta Maria Amelia (1851–70).
- Infanta Maria Cristina (1852–79). After her younger sister Mercedes died, she was engaged to Alfonso XII, five years her junior, but she died before the wedding.
- Infanta Maria de la Regla (1856–61).
- Infante Fernando (1859–73).
- Infanta Maria de las Mercedes (1860–78), otherwise Princess Marie des Graces d'Orleans-Montpensier, who married her first cousin Alfonso XII and is historically known as Mercedes of Orleans, queen of Spain. No children.
- Infante Felipe Raimundo Maria (1862–64)
- Infante Antonio (1866–1930), became Duke of Galliera in Italy. He married his first cousin Infanta Eulalia of Spain (1864–1958), daughter of Isabella II, and had two sons:
- Infante Alfonso (1886–1975), 5th Duke of Galliera (1930–37), who married Princess Beatrice of Edinburgh, daughter of Prince Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha and had three sons, though only the oldest one left issue. General of the Spanish Air Force.
- Infante Luís (1888–1945), who married Marie Charlotte Say (1857–1943). No issue.
- Infante Luis Maria Felipe Antonio (1867–74)
|Royal styles of
Infanta Luisa Fernanda of Spain, Duchess of Montpensier
|Reference style||Her Royal Highness|
|Spoken style||Your Royal Highness|
Of all her children, just Marie Isabelle de Paris and Antonio di Galliera left issue. Through Antonio, the now non-royal line of dukes of Galliera continues. Alfonso's grandchildren lost royal status because of non-dynastic marriages. The current Duke of Galliera is Alfonso's great-grandson, Don Alfonso Francesco de Orléans-Borbón y Ferarra-Pignatelli.
Through Marie Isabelle, she became great-grandmother of king Manuel II of Portugal, Dukes Amedeo II of Aosta, Aimone of Spoleto and Luis Felipe of Braganza; great-great-grandmother of king Juan Carlos I of Spain and Prince Henri d'Orléans, Count of Paris.
Titles, styles, honours and arms
- 30 January 1832 – 10 October 1846: Her Royal Highness Infanta Luisa Fernanda of Spain
- 10 October 1846 – 4 February 1890: Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Montpensier
- 4 February 1890 – 2 February 1897: Her Royal Highness The Dowager Duchess of Montpensier
The Duchess's complete style, after her marriage, was: Su Alteza Real la Serenísma y Egregia Señora Infanta Doña Luisa Fernanda de Borbón y Borbón, Duquesa de Montpensier (in English: Her Royal Highness the Most Serene and Egregius Lady Infanta Doña Luisa Feranada de Bourbon, Duchess of Montpensier).
|Heraldry of Infanta Luisa Fernanda of Spain, Duchess of Montpensier|