Luise Danz (born December 11, 1917) was a Nazi German concentration camp guard in World War II. She was born in Walldorf (Werra) in Thuringia. Danz was captured in 1945 and put on trial for crimes against humanity at the Auschwitz trial in Kraków, Poland. She was sentenced to life imprisonment in 1947, but released due to general amnesty on August 20, 1957.
On January 24, 1943, at the age of 25, Danz was conscripted as an SS-Aufseherin within the Nazi concentration camp system. She served as guard in several camps in occupied Poland, such as Kraków-Płaszów, Majdanek, Auschwitz-Birkenau and also at Malchow (subcamp of Ravensbrück). In 1943 she received an award from Nazi Germany for her camp service. Danz became Oberaufseherin in Malchow in January 1945 upon her arrival.
Capture and trials for war crimes
At the end of the war in 1945, Danz tried to quietly slip into obscurity, but was discovered, captured in 1946 and put to justice at the Auschwitz Trial by Poland for crimes she had committed while on duty in the vast German camp system. At her 1947 trial she was sentenced to life imprisonment, but was then released early in 1956 after serving nine years.
In 1996 Danz was apprehended again and allegedly tried in a German court for stomping a young girl to death at the Malchow concentration camp in Mecklenburg during World War II. The doctor overseeing the trial told the court that the proceedings were too much for the elderly woman and all charges were dropped.
- Staff writer (2013). "Auschwitz Trial (November-December 1947)". The Jewish Virtual Library. Retrieved 2013-04-10.
- Staff writer. "Proces oświęcimski (Auschwitz trial); 24.11.1947 – 16.12.1947". Procesy zbrodniarzy (Trials of war criminals). Majdanek Museum. Retrieved 2013-04-10.
- Dublon-Knebel, Irith (2005). "‘Erinnern kann ich mich nur an eine Frau Danz...’: Die Aufseherin Luise Danz in der Erinnerung ihrer Opfer". In Bock, Gisela. Genozid und Geschlecht. Jüdische Frauen im nationalsozialistischen Lagersystem. Frankfurt am Main: Campus. pp. 66–84. ISBN 3-593-37730-6.