Luitpold, Duke of Moravia, part of Znojmo

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Luitpold, Duke of Moravia, part of Znojmo
Died 1112
Spouse(s) unknown
Noble family Přemyslid dynasty - cadet line Conradine
Father Conrad I. Duke of Brno
Mother Wirpirk of Tengling
Born Brno
Died 1112
Znojmo
Buried St. Procopius Basilica in Třebíč
Ducal Rotunda of the Virgin Mary of his ducal palace in Znojmo established by Luitpold in 1101

Luitpold of Znojmo (Czech: Litold znojemský, German: Luitpold von Znaim, Latin: Lutoldus Znoyemsis; died 15. March[notes 1] 1112) was the Duke of Moravia for twenty years - between 1092 and 1112. He was the first son and successor of Conrad I, of Brno (died 1092) and Wirpirk of Tengling. He did not succeed as half ruler of Moravia (diarch), for all half of Moravia (the west one) as his father Conrad I, but Brno was divided into two parts: Brno and Znojmo and Luitpold was co-ruler in this part with his brother Ulrich I. Duke of Brno.[1][2] Both brothers together established a benedictine cloister and its St. Procopius Basilica in Třebíč and prepared as mausoleum for Brno-Znojmo branche House of Přemyslid.

He had long ruled over Moravia (as diarch in Brno) for 20 years, once interrupted by illegitimate regency: (1099-1100 by Bretislaus II)

By his marriage to an princess Ida of Austria (Ida of Babenberg) daughter of Leopold II, Markgraf of Austria and his wife Ida of Ratelberg, he had one son, the other children (if any), unknown.

  • Conrad, Duke of Moravia, part of Znojmo from 1125 to 1123 and from 1128 to his death on 1170

He was succeeded legitimately as prince of Znojmo by his son Conrad of Znojmo.

Domestic policy[edit]

Luitpold and Ulrich initially ruled in the Brno part (the western one) of the duchy of Moravia, until 1099 when they were evicted illegitimately by Bretislaus II. Later they enforced a return of the Brno part of the Moravian duchy - with the help of the Bavarian armed troops as well as indirect support by Emperor Henry IV (whom he visited in early February 1101 in Frankfurt) forced return of Brno, the Moravian duchy back, according to the principles of agnatic seniority. After they returned to the duchy of Brno, the brothers divided it into two subparts named Brno (principality) and Znojmo (principality), where they continued to reign in certain local territorial union. In 1104 they together founded a Benedictine abbey in Třebíč whose convent church of St. Procopius was intended as their own dynastic mausoleum where they were both buried.

Emperor Henry IV gave to his brother Ulrich insignia of rank and banner (vexillum) for their reign in the duchy.

All the Moravian lines of Přemysl dynasty as a whole were systematically associated with dynastic marriages with princesses of major royal and ducal dynasties, especially Árpád dynasty, Rurik dynasty, Piast dynasty, Nemanjić dynasty-senior line Vukanović,[notes 2] Babenberg dynasty and houses of bavarian monarchs, as it was the other way around (vice versa). Members of the Moravian dynasty were fully predisposed to take over the central throne (for both countries - Bohemia and Moravia) in Prague, under the principles of agnatic seniority.

Family tree[edit]

Bretislaus I, Duke of Bohemia
d. 6 September 1055
  Judith of Schweinfurt
d. after 1052
  Sieghard VII of Tengling
d. 5 July 1044
  Philihild of Andechs
d. 23 Octotber 1075
         
     
  Conrad I, Duke of Brno
d. 10 January 1092
  Wirpirk of Tengling
d.after 1052
 
     
   
Ida von Babenberg
daughter - Leopold II, Margrave of Austria
OO   1102?
Luitpold of Znojmo
d. 1112
                   
                   
Conrad of Znojmo
  d. 1146
 

Ancestry[edit]

See also[edit]

Citations and notes[edit]

  1. ^ The day of deth: Z ČECHORODU, PEŠINA; Mars Moravicus III.3, P. 286. and NOVOTNÝ, V.; České dějiny I.2, p. 513-515 (+ footnote 15)
  2. ^ Daughter Maria of Uroš I, of Rascia

References[edit]


Bibliography[edit]

  • COSMAS, (Canonicus Pragensis); Chronica Boëmorum. (Latin)
  • COSMAS of Prague, (Canon of Prague),Translated by Lisa Wolverton (2009); Chronicle of the Czechs (Chronicle of Bohemias). The Catholic university of America Press. (English)
  • Constinuatio Claustroneoburgensis prima. MHG SS IX, p. 612 (Latin)
  • KRZEMIEŃSKA, Barbara; MERAHAUTOVÁ, Anežka; TŘEŠTÍK, Dušan (2000). Moravští Přemyslovci ve Znojemské rotundě. Praha: SetOut. 135 p.. ISBN 80-86277-09-7. (in Czech)
  • WOLVERTON, Lisa (2001).Hastening toward Prague. Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania Press. ISBN 0-8122-3613-0 (English)
  • REITINGER, Lukáš. Nekrologia kláštera Pegau. Pozapomenuté svědectví o Přemyslovcích (nejen) Kosmova věku. In: WIHODA, Martin; REITINGER, Lukáš (2010). Proměna středovýchodní Evropy raného a vrcholného středověku. Brno : Matice moravská, . ISBN 978-80-86488-69-1. p. 373-374 (in Czech)
  • GROSMANNOVÁ, Dagmar (2010). Medieval Coinage in Moravia.In: GALUŠKA, Luděk; MITÁČEK, Jiří; NOVOTNÁ Lea. Treasures of Moravia. Brno:Moravian Museum Press. ISBN 978-80-7828-371-4. p. 371-374 (English)
  • BRETHOLZ, Berthold (1910).Studien zu Cosmas von Prag V. Die Brunner Cosmas Handschrift, NA 35, 1910 p. 692-702 (German)
  • MOLECZ, P. (2003):Die Hanthaler-Fälschungen im Lilielnfelder Nekrolog am Beispiel der Schwestern des Heiligen Leopold. Eine Beitrag zur Barocken Wischenschaftsgeschichte und Babenbergergenealogie. MIÖG 111, p. 241-284, exact 360-365. (in German)
  • SOMMER, Petr; TŘEŠTÍK, Dušan; ŽEMLIČKA, Josef, a kol. Přemyslovci. Budování českého státu. Praha : Nakladatelství Lidové noviny, 2009. 779 s. ISBN 978-80-7106-352-0.
  • WIHODA, Martin. Morava v době knížecí 906–1197. Praha : Nakladatelství Lidové noviny, 2010. 464 s. ISBN 978-80-7106-563-0.
  • ČERNÝ, Pavel. Zobrazení přemyslovské genealogie v rotundě sv. Kateřiny ve Znojmě a některé aspekty její interpretace, in: Znojemská rotunda ve světle vědeckého zkoumání. p. 78-92 (in Czech)
  • MĚCHUROVÁ, Zdeňka (2010). From the medieval history of Moravia. In: GALUŠKA, Luděk; MITÁČEK, Jiří; NOVOTNÁ Lea. Treasures of Moravia.Brno:Moravian Museum Press. ISBN 978-80-7828-371-4. p. 107-115 (English)
  • ŽEMLIČKA, Josef (2005). Přemyslovci. Jak žili, vládli, umírali. Praha: Nakladatelství Lidové noviny, . 497 s. ISBN 80-7106-759-8. (in Czech)

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Conrad I, Duke of Brno
Duke of Moravia, part of Znojmo
1092
Succeeded by
Conrad, Duke of Znojmo