Liutold of Eppenstein

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Luitpold of Carinthia)
Jump to: navigation, search
Liutold of Eppenstein
Duke of Carinthia
Reign 1077–1090
Noble family House of Eppenstein
Father Markwart of Eppenstein
Mother Liutbirg of Plain
Born c. 1050
Died 12 May 1090(1090-05-12)
Buried St. Lambrecht's Abbey

Liutold of Eppenstein (c. 1050 – 12 May 1090) was Duke of Carinthia and Margrave of Verona from 1077 until his death.

Life[edit]

He was the second son of Markwart, Count of Eppenstein (d. 1076) and his wife Liutbirg, daughter of Count Liutold of Plain. His grandfather Adalbero of Eppenstein had already been Duke of Carinthia until he was deposed by Emperor Conrad II in 1035. Nevertheless, the Upper Styrian House of Eppenstein had remained powerful in the Carinthian lands, making it difficult for foreign rulers appointed by the emperor to prevail against the local nobility.

Liutold regained the ducal title, as his predecessor, the Zähringen duke Berthold II had supported the German antiking Rudolf of Rheinfelden during the Investiture Controversy and therefore was deposed by King Henry IV in 1077. The king, having returned from Canossa, appointed Liutold instead, who had given him safe conduct across Predil Pass and through his Carinthian possessions on his way back to Germany. The Eppenstein domains however were significantly narrowed, as Henry gave the Veronese Friuli and Istria region to the newly established Patria del Friuli (Patriarchate of Aquileia), while the Carinthian March of Styria remained under the rule of the Otakars.

Liutold later accompanied Henry IV to his coronation in Rome and also had Eppenstein Castle rebuilt. Although he had married twice, he died without issue. He was succeeded by his younger brother Henry. Liutold is buried at St. Lambrecht's Abbey in Styria.

Liutold of Eppenstein
House of Eppenstein
Born: c. 1050 Died: 12 May 1090
Preceded by
Berthold II
Duke of Carinthia
Margrave of Verona

1077–1090
Succeeded by
Henry III