Luke–Acts is the name usually given by Biblical scholars to the hypothetical composite work of the Gospel of Luke and the Acts of the Apostles in the New Testament. Together they describe the Ministry of Jesus and the subsequent lives of the Apostles and the Apostolic Age.
Both the books of Luke and Acts are anonymous narratives dedicated to a person named Theophilus. The book of Acts starts out with: "The former treatise have I made“ (probably referring to Luke), and the author probably intended both books to be read together. Most scholars[who?] believe that they were written by the same person referred to as Luke the Evangelist. Luke–Acts has sometimes been presented as a single book in published Bibles or New Testaments, for example, in The Original New Testament (1985) and The Books of the Bible (2007).
A traditional view holds that they were written by Luke named in Colossians 4:14, a doctor and follower of Paul, but some[who?] doubt this view; a date of between 50 and 150 AD is considered likely for the work's composition, see Gospel of Luke#Date and Acts of the Apostles#Date for details. Some scholars dispute the Historical reliability of the Acts of the Apostles. The work is Hellenized and written for a gentile audience. It is not known when it was separated into the Gospel of Luke and the Book of Acts. Marcion, a famous 2nd century heretic, who used a modified form of Luke known as the Gospel of Marcion, did not use Acts, perhaps he was unaware of it or intentionally excluded it from his biblical canon; Irenaeus, a defender of proto-orthodoxy, is the first to use and mention Acts, specifically against Marcionism.
- Luke 1:3; Acts 1:1
- Acts 1:1, Authorised Version
- Hugh J. Schonfield, ed., The Original New Testament (San Francisco: Harper and Row, 1985).
- "Acts of the Apostles". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1913. In section Objections against the Authenticity: "Baur, Schwanbeck, De Wette, Davidson, Mayerhoff, Schleiermacher, Bleek, Krenkel, and others have opposed the authenticity of the Acts."
- Miller, Robert J., The Complete Gospels, pp. 115–117 the "Introduction to the Gospel of Luke", "scholars usually refer to Luke's work as "Luke-Acts"". Polebridge Press, 1992. ISBN 0-944344-49-6
- Joseph B. Tyson, Marcion and Luke-Acts: A defining struggle, University of South Carolina Press, 2006, ISBN 1-57003-650-0
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