|Industry||Oil and gas|
|Key people||Vagit Alekperov (CEO)|
|Revenue||US$ 139.2 billion (2012)|
|Net income||US$ 11. billion (2012)|
Lukoil (//; Russian: Лукойл; stylized as LUKoil) is Russia's second largest oil company and its second largest producer of oil. In 2009, the company produced 97.615 million tons of oil; 1.972 million barrels per day (313,500 m3/d).
Headquartered in Moscow, Lukoil is the second largest public company (next to ExxonMobil) in terms of proven oil and gas reserves. In 2008, the company had 19.3 billion barrels of oil equivalent per SPE standards. This accounts to some 1.3% of global oil reserves. The company has operations in more than 40 countries around the world.
- 1 History
- 2 Exploration and production
- 3 Lukoil oil production by region, million tonnes
- 4 Oil refining and petrochemical facilities
- 5 Proven reserves
- 6 Petrol Retail Sales
- 7 Controversy
- 8 Management and major shareholders
- 9 Sponsoring
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Lukoil was formed in 1991 when three state-run, western Siberian companies named after the respective town in Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug that each was based, Langepasneftegaz, Urayneftegaz, and Kogalymneftegaz, merged. The initials of the three companies are preserved in the name Lukoil. The central figure in the company's founding was the Soviet deputy minister of oil production Vagit Alekperov. He came to believe the only way Russians could compete against western companies was to copy their business model. That meant vertically integrating the three branches of the industry - exploration, refining, and distribution - that were strictly separate under the old Soviet system. It is one of the largest tax payers of the Russian Federation, and the amount of taxes paid in 2010 is US$30.2 billion. It was one of the first Russian companies to receive full listing on the London Stock Exchange.
Exploration and production
Lukoil carries out exploration and/or production of oil and gas in Russia and as of 2008 thirty other countries, amongst others Azerbaijan, Belgium, Bulgaria, Colombia, Egypt, Kazakhstan, Iran, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Uzbekistan, and Venezuela.
In September 2004 ConocoPhillips purchased a 7.6% stake in Lukoil and signed an agreement that could increase this figure in the future to up to 20%. The two oil companies have agreed to jointly develop an oil and gas field in the northern Timan-Pechora area of Russia (Komi Republic) and intend to secure the rights to develop the West Qurna Field in Iraq, one of the country's largest.
Development of the Aral Sea
Uzbekistan's deputy prime minister Ergash Shaismatov announced on 30 August 2006 that the Uzbek government and an international consortium consisting of state-run Uzbekneftegaz, Lukoil Overseas, Petronas, Korea National Oil Corporation, and China National Petroleum Corporation signed a production sharing agreement to explore and develop oil and gas fields in the Aral Sea, stating “The Aral Sea is largely unknown, but it holds a lot of promise in terms of finding oil and gas. There is risk of course but we believe in the success of this unique project". The consortium was created in September 2005.
Lukoil oil production by region, million tonnes
Oil refining and petrochemical facilities
Lukoil owns seven oil-processing companies in Eastern Europe with total capacity of 54,1 mln tpa and holds 100% share of ISAB refinery complex in Sicily:
|Country||Name||Location||Launched||Acquired||Capacity, mln tpa|
|Lukoil-Odessky Neftepererabatyvayuschiy zavod||Odessa||1937||1999||3,6|
|Lukoil Neftochim Burgas||Burgas||1964||1999||7,5|
* – 49% and 45% shares respectively
Petrol Retail Sales
Lukoil sells petrol in 59 regions of Russia and in 24 other countries (Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belgium (through its subsidiary "Jet" until late 2008, and progressively directly under the Lukoil brand), Bulgaria, Croatia (operated by Lukoil Croatia, but under the brand name "Europa-Mil"), Cyprus, Czech Republic (Rebranded from "Jet" to "Lukoil"), Slovakia (Rebranded from "Jet" to "Lukoil"), Estonia, Finland (Teboil), Georgia, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Republic of Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Poland (Rebranded from "Jet" to "Lukoil" in August 2008), Romania, Serbia, Turkey, USA and Ukraine). As of the end of 2006, it has 197 tank farms and 6,090 filling stations. The company runs four main oil refineries in Russia with a combined refining capacity of approximately 44.1 million tones, two “mini-refineries” and also refineries outside Russia.
In 2000, Lukoil purchased Getty Oil and converted a number of Getty stations in the US to Lukoil in 2003.
In 2004, Lukoil acquired Schlotzmeyer Bros., who formerly owned the Mobil stations in New Jersey and Pennsylvania. Many of these stations had Circle K stores, which Lukoil converted to its own Kwik Farms brand. However, many Mobil franchisees in the area did not want to convert their stations to Lukoil, because it sold its fuel at the same prices as more established brands.
In 2008, Lukoil purchased petroleum distribution company Akpet in Turkey. As a result of this acquisition, Lukoil market share in Turkish retail market increased to 5% with 8 storage facilities and over 600 petroleum stations across the country.
According to Lukoil, their numbers in 2007 recorded a drop of 7.8% in the volume of pollutant effects and a drop of 3.8% in the area of contaminated lands compared to 2006. These numbers came after an appeal from EMERCON of Russia (the Ministry of the Russian Federation for Civil Defense, Emergencies and Natural Disaster Recovery), which proposed that Lukoil participate in the development of monitoring, prevention, and emergency recovery systems.
In an effort to increase their productivity, Lukoil organized a contract to begin an oil pumping block in the Azerbaijan sector of the Caspian Sea. They arranged an Environmental Impact Assessment of the drill site in order to organize a second exploration drill. This block, D-222, is the largest prospective structure in the north-east section of the Caspian Sea. The key issue of the assessment was the amount of damage the block would be doing to the fish stock in the area. Taking into account the depth of the operation of about 700 meters, the amount of harm would be minimal with most of the fish harmed being plankton and benthos. A rescue and salvage ship will be placed into operation to mitigate the impact on the area. They have also developed contingency plans for oil spills, and implemented an environmental monitoring system.
On September 14, 2012 more than 50 Lukoil gas station owners in New Jersey and Pennsylvania temporarily raised their prices to over $8 a gallon to protest Lukoil's wholesale gas pricing. The owners are typically charged a wholesale price that is 5 to 10 cents a gallon more than their competitors and some are assessed an additional 25 to 30 cents per gallon based on their location. According to the station owners this makes it difficult to be competitive with stations that sell more established brands for lower prices.
The company's top managers control over half of Lukoil shares, while about 20% are owned by ConocoPhillips. The rest of the shares are a free-float. On 24 March 2010, ConocoPhillips announced it would begin selling half of its 20% stake in the company.
The Board of Directors elected at the Annual General Shareholders Meeting on 28 June 2005 consists of:
- Valery Grayfer (Chairman, General Director of the JSC RITEK)
- Vagit Alekperov (President of the JSC Lukoil)
Lukoil Racing team is a leading Russian motorsport organization; its operations include management, driver training and support, engineering expertise and a quality technical environment.
Lukoil has been involved in motorsports for more than ten years. The Lukoil Racing Team has achieved notable successes both in Russia and in Europe, winning more than 60 championships over the years. No other auto racing team has gained such success in the history of the USSR and Russia.
In February 2014 Lukoil signed an agreement with the Government of Arkhangelsk Oblast about supporting Vodnik. Vodnik was the dominant force of Russian bandy for a decade, starting in the mid-1990:s.
- Production Lukoil Company website, 2008
- Russia's king of crude 2008-01-26
- UPDATE 2-LUKOIL says proved '08 reserves fall, replaces output Reuters, 2008-03-06
- "OAO LUKOIL - Company history". Fundinguniverse.com. Retrieved 14 May 2011.
- Michael Erman and Vladimir Soldatkin (1 April 2013). "Hess Corp to sell Russian unit to Lukoil for $2.05 billion". Reuters.
- [dead link]
- "Blockade Strengthened On Palestine Town Of Qalgilya". Pravda. 30 October 2001. Retrieved 14 May 2011.
- [dead link]
- Uzbekistan, intl consortium ink deal on exploring Aral Sea ITAR-Tass
- "OAO "LUKOIL" – Oil Production". Lukoil.com. Retrieved 14 May 2011.
- "Lukoil web site: General Information". Lukoil.com. Retrieved 14 May 2011.
- "Environmental Protection in Lukoil"
- "Lukoil Environmental Impact Assessment"
- "Complete Lukoil Environmental Assessment"
- "OAO "LUKOIL" – Board of Directors". Lukoil.com. 24 June 2010. Retrieved 14 May 2011.
- "OAO "LUKOIL" – Management Committee". Lukoil.com. Retrieved 14 May 2011.
- "Company priorities in the field of physical culture and sports". Official website (in Russian). Lukoil. Retrieved 15 March 2013.
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