||This article needs additional citations for verification. (October 2008)|
|• Total||299.09 km2 (115.48 sq mi)|
|Population (31 December 2010)|
|• Density||1,602/km2 (4,150/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
The town's Royal charter was granted in 1621 by King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden. The original town was situated where Gammelstad (Old Town) is situated today. The town had to be moved in 1649 to the current site, due to the post-glacial rebound that had made the bay too shallow for ships to enter.
In 1887, a devastating fire destroyed most of the town, sparing only a few buildings. The Neo-Gothic Cathedral (originally the Oscar Fredrik church), dedicated in 1893, standing at 67 meters (220 ft), is the tallest building in town.
Luleå's commerce and industry are a mix of industry, research, education, trade, and services. The university's educational programmes have attracted new businesses as well as local offices for multinational corporations.
Major employers in the city are the SSAB steelworks and Luleå University of Technology. A Swedish Air Force wing, F 21 (or Norrbotten Air Force Wing), is stationed near Luleå at the neighbouring Luleå Airport. Other major employers include Ferruform (a subsidiary of Scania AB) and Gestamp HardTech (acquired from SSAB 2005-01-01).
IT industry 
The information technology industry in Luleå has about 2000 employees (2008).
Luleå is the home of several major innovations and technological milestones.
- The First GSM Call (1989)
- The VDSL standard (2000–2007)
- Broadcast Radio – RDS[who?], DAB[clarification needed], DARC (1992–1997)
- The Luleå algorithm for routing (1997)
- Living Labs – leading European service testbed with 6000 users (2001–)
- HDTV transport layer for telephony cabling (1996)
- Software GPS in mobile phones (2005–)
- OFDM – the basis for 4G (1990–2006)
- Marratech – pioneers in Internet-based E-meetings (1998–) – acquired by Google, releasing in November 2008 video-chat support in Gmail
- Arena project, IT in Sports – sensors, handheld wireless video (1999–2002)
- Estreet project – First large-scale mobile marketing experiment (2000)
- On 27 October 2011 Facebook announced it would locate its first data center outside of the United States in Luleå. The whole facility, a set of three 28,000 square meter (300,000 square foot) buildings is scheduled to be operational by 2014. The first building was to be operational in 2012. The establishment will help turn the Luleå region into a major node for European data traffic. The town's northern location and the fact that Luleå will become a hub for data traffic in Europe has generated a new epithet for the Luleå region – The Node Pole. The Node Pole region provides stable, low-cost electricity that is 100-percent derived from renewable sources. In addition, they cite the benefits of low cooling expenses, given that the region is one of the coolest in Sweden. Sweden's long political stability is cited as another long-term benefit of the Node Pole's location.
Luleå has a subarctic climate with short, mild summers and long, cold, snowy winters.
|Climate data for Luleå, Sweden|
|Record high °C (°F)||10.3
|Average high °C (°F)||−8
|Average low °C (°F)||−16
|Record low °C (°F)||−41.0
|Precipitation mm (inches)||34
|Source #1: World Climate Guide|
|Source #2: SMHI|
Local buses are run by Luleå LLT.
Passenger train service is available from Luleå Central Station on Sweden's national SJ railway service northbound to Narvik on the Norwegian coast, and southbound to Stockholm. See Rail transport in Sweden.
Luleå has a variety of cultural institutions, among them Norrbottensteatern; Norrbottens museum; and Norrbotten Big Band, led by Tim Hagans. In January 2007 the Cultural house (Kulturens Hus) was opened. A library, concerts, and art exhibitions are all hosted here. Luleå is also home to the hardcore punk band Raised Fist, melodic death metal band The Duskfall and power metal band Machinae Supremacy.
Luleå has many teams competing in a variety of sports including
Ice hockey 
- LF Basket Norrbotten, formerly Plannja, for men and Luleå Basket for women; Plannja has won Basketligan 7 times, which is a record.
American football 
In Luleå there is also an American football team, the Luleå Eskimos.
The Swedish Championship in Yukigassen is held in Luleå annually.
Luleå is home to the oldest indoor shopping center in the world, "Shopping," designed by British born architect Ralph Erskine, and opened in 1955. More recent additions to the cityscape are the shopping centres "Strand", "Smedjan", "Folksamhuset" and the first "youth-galleria" in Sweden, "Storgatan 61", located in the city centre. There are two main shopping streets in the city centre: Storgatan and Kungsgatan.
A new shopping area in the industrial area of Storheden outside the city was built more recently; it houses several large stores.
UNESCO World heritage 
Notable people 
- Maud Adams, Swedish actress best known for appearing in two James Bond films
- Karin Mamma Andersson, Swedish artist
- Breach, Swedish Hardcore-band
- Emilia de Poret, Swedish musician
- Adam Dunkels, computer scientist
- The Duskfall, Swedish Death metal band
- Lena Granhagen, Swedish actress
- Per Ledin, Swedish ice hockey player
- Martin Ljung, Actor
- Machinae Supremacy, Swedish Metal band
- Movits!, Swedish Hip-Hop band
- John W. Nordstrom, founder of department store chain Nordstrom
- Leif Östling, CEO of Scania AB
- Raised Fist, Swedish Hardcore-band
- Peter Skoggard, Professional Hockey Player
- The Bear Quartet, Swedish Rockband
- Marita Ulvskog, Politician
- Ingvar Wixell, Swedish baritone opera singer
- Lars Petrus, Rubik's Cube expert, former Swedish National speedcubing champion, fewest moves champion from the World Championships 2005
- Jonas Eriksson, FIFA referee.
- Rui Santos, Wisdom according to Rui Blogger.
See also 
- Diocese of Luleå
- Luleå Cathedral
- Swedish iron ore during World War I
- Lulea was the site of an episode in Swedish TV show Annika Bengtzon: Crime Reporter, season 1, episode 4
- "Tätorternas landareal, folkmängd och invånare per km2 2005 och 2010" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. 14 December 2011. Archived from the original on 10 January 2012. Retrieved 10 January 2012.
- World-class Innovations in ICT, Luleå university of Technology, 2007, http://www.cdt.ltu.se/main.php/LTU237%206-sid%20Folder%20ICT_lo.pdf?fileitem=2365519[dead link]
- "Facebook on Ice: New Data Center to Be Built Near Arctic Circle". Fox News. 27 October 2011.
- Orange, Richard (26 October 2011). "Facebook to build server farm on edge of Arctic Circle". The Daily Telegraph.
- Janssen, Cory. "What is the Node Pole? – Definition from". Techopedia.com. Retrieved 2012-10-22.
- "World Climate Guide". Institute of Meteorology and Water Management. Retrieved 2010-08.
- "Hur var vädret? Rekord för Luleå 1945–2011". Svenska Meteorologiska och Hydrologiska Institutet. Retrieved 2013-02-24.
- [dead link]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Luleå|
- Official website
- (Swedish) article Luleå from Nordisk Familjebok (1912)
- Luleå university of technology
- Current temperature in Luleå and archive of the last years