Lumberton, North Carolina
|Lumberton, North Carolina|
A view down Elm Street in Lumberton from
|• Total||15.8 sq mi (40.9 km2)|
|• Land||15.7 sq mi (40.7 km2)|
|• Water||0.1 sq mi (0.2 km2)|
|Elevation||131 ft (40 m)|
|• Density||1,322.4/sq mi (510.6/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0989128|
Lumberton is a city in Robeson County, North Carolina, United States. The population has grown to 21,542 in the 2010 census from 20,795 in the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Robeson County. Lumberton, located in southern North Carolina's Inner Banks region, is located on the Lumber River. Founded in 1787 by John Willis, an officer in the American Revolution, Lumberton was originally a shipping point for lumber used by the Navy, which was sent downriver to Georgetown, South Carolina. Most of the town's growth, however, began shortly after World War II.
Robeson County is located in the Coastal Plains region of southeastern North Carolina. The county was created from Bladen County in 1786 by two American Revolutionary War heroes and residents of the area, General John Willis and Colonel Thomas Robeson. The county was named after Colonel Robeson and the land for the county seat was donated by General Willis, who is also credited with naming the county seat Lumberton.
The area was a frontier destination for both white and numerous free families of color from Virginia in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Many free blacks were descendants of white men and African women, whether slave, free or indentured, from the colonial years when working classes lived and worked near each other. The County has a high proportion of Lumbee, who have been recognized as a Native American tribe by the state of North Carolina but have not been able to receive federal recognition as an Indian tribe by the US Federal government or the B.I.A.
David Lynch's film Blue Velvet (1986) was set in Lumberton, though it was filmed about 70 miles (110 km) southeast in Wilmington. This situation raised some problems during filming, so Lynch filmed a small sequence in Lumberton and was subsequently allowed to use the name.
Lumberton is located at .
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 15.8 square miles (40.9 km2), of which 15.7 square miles (40.7 km2) are land and 0.1 square mile (0.2 km2) (0.44%) is water.
Lumberton is located on the Lumber River in the state's Coastal Plains region. The Lumber River State Park, 115 miles (185 km) of natural and scenic waterway, flows through Lumberton. The river was designated as a National Wild and Scenic River and is part of the North Carolina Natural and Scenic River System. The Lumber River has been classified as natural, scenic and recreational. Recreation includes canoeing and boating, fishing, hunting, picnicking, camping, nature study, swimming, biking, jogging, crafts and fossil and artifact hunting.
Lumberton is the larger principal city of the Lumberton-Laurinburg CSA, a Combined Statistical Area that includes the Lumberton (Robeson County) and Laurinburg (Scotland County) micropolitan areas, which had a combined population of 159,337 at the 2000 census.
As of the census of 2000, there were 20,795 people, 7,827 households and 5,165 families residing in Lumberton. The population density was 1,322.4 people per square mile (510.8/km2). There were 8,800 housing units at an average density of 559.6 per square mile (216.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 48.54% White, 35.44% African American, 12.79% Native American, 0.91% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.18% from other races and 1.11% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 3.30% of the population.
Of the 7,827 households, 32.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them; 38.8% were married couples living together; 23.0% had a female householder with no husband present; and 34.0% were non-families. 29.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 3.01.
The city's population was spread out, with 26.3% under the age of 18; 9.3% from 18 to 24; 28.2% from 25 to 44; 21.3% from 45 to 64; and 14.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 89.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.8 males.
The median income for a household in Lumberton was $26,782, and the median income for a family was $33,839. Males had a median income of $28,903 versus $24,503 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,504. About 23.9% of families and 25.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 38.4% of those under age 18 and 23.7% of those age 65 or over.
- Dr. Johnny Hunt, who was elected president of the Southern Baptist Convention in 2008, was born in Lumberton.
- George Henry White, the last African-American US Congressman of the 19th century, went to school for two years in Lumberton.
- Afeni Shakur, a prominent member of the Black Panther Party and the mother of rapper Tupac Shakur, was born in Lumberton.
- Carmen Hart, pornographic film actress and erotic dancer, was born in Lumberton.
- Sean Locklear, (born 1981) is an American football offensive tackle who is currently a free agent
- Vonta Leach (born 1981) is an American football fullback for the Baltimore Ravens of the NFL.
- Hunter Foster, (born 1969), actor
- Penny Fuller (born 1940), a film, television and Broadway actress, was born in Lumberton.
- Rear Admiral [Michael L. Holmes] (Ret) graduated from Pembroke State College in 1972 and thereafter earned his wings as P-3 pilot in the U.S. Navy. He was born and raised in the Lumberton vicinity (Saddletree).
- Dr. [Olivia Holmes Oxendine], governor appointee to the North Carolina State Board of Education. Since the Board's creation in 1776, Dr. Oxendine is the fourth American Indian to hold a seat and the first ever to hail from Lumberton.
- Entrepreneur, Builder, and numerous Tobacco warehouse owner Lee P. Woody born July 7, 1892. Mr. Woody owned a Lumberton, N. C. Tobacco warehouse for many years. Married to Rosa Robertson, born in 1896. Rosa Robertson's mother was Mary Francis (Fannie) Mason, a direct descendant of George Mason of Fairfax County, Va. and Gunston Hall. Lee and Rosa had two children Lee Polk Woody Jr. and Judith Robertson Woody.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Paul Heinegg, Free African Americans in Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Maryland and Delaware, Baltimore, Maryland: 1995-2005
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- MICROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREAS AND COMPONENTS, Office of Management and Budget, 2007-05-11. Accessed 2008-08-01.
- COMBINED STATISTICAL AREAS AND COMPONENT CORE BASED STATISTICAL AREAS, Office of Management and Budget, 2007-05-11. Accessed 2008-08-01.
- Official website of Lumberton, NC
- Lumberton Area Chamber of Commerce
- Lumberton Visitors Bureau
- Online News for Lumberton (www.lumbertontimes.com)