Luminism (Impressionism)

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Emile Claus, Sunny Day (1899). Oil on canvas, 93 x 74 cm (36.5 x 28.9 in.) The Museum of Fine Arts, Ghent

Luminism is a late-impressionist or neo-impressionist style in painting which devotes great attention to light effects.

The term has been used for the style of the Belgian painters such as Emile Claus and Théo van Rysselberghe and their followers (Adrien-Joseph Heymans, Anna Boch, Évariste Carpentier, Guillaume Van Strydonck (French), Leon De Smet, Jenny Montigny, Anna De Weert, Georges Morren, Modest Huys, Georges Buysse, Marcel Jefferys (Dutch), Yvonne Serruys and Juliette Wystman (French), as well as for the early pointillist work of the Dutch painters Jan Toorop, Leo Gestel, Jan Sluijters, and Piet Mondriaan.

Both styles have little in common. Emile Claus's work is still close to that of the great French impressionists, especially Claude Monet, whereas Dutch luminism, characterized by the use of large color patches, is closer to fauvism.

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