Lumpkin County, Georgia

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Not to be confused with Lumpkin, Georgia.
Lumpkin County, Georgia
Lumpkin County Georgia Courthouse.jpg
Lumpkin County Courthouse in Dahlonega
Map of Georgia highlighting Lumpkin County
Location in the state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
Founded December 3, 1832
Named for Wilson Lumpkin
Seat Dahlonega
Largest city Dahlonega
Area
 • Total 284 sq mi (736 km2)
 • Land 283 sq mi (733 km2)
 • Water 1.3 sq mi (3 km2), 0.4%
Population
 • (2010) 29,966
 • Density 106/sq mi (41/km²)
Congressional district 9th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4

Lumpkin County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 29,966.[1] Its county seat is Dahlonega.[2]

History[edit]

Lumpkin County was created on December 3, 1832. The county was named for former governor of Georgia, Wilson Lumpkin.[3] Lumpkin's daughter, Martha Atalanta Lumpkin Compton, was the source for the city name of Marthasville (which was the previous name for Atlanta).

Many also attribute Atlanta's name to Martha's middle name of Atalanta; however, there are conflicting accounts[4][5] which suggest the name Atlanta was derived as the feminine form of Atlantic (Atlanta being one end of the Western & Atlantic Railroad) by John Edgar Thomson, Chief Engineer of the Georgia Railroad.

Gold was discovered in the county near Auraria in the 1830s, and the U.S. government briefly had a mint in Dahlonega as a result until 1860. Gold from the county was later used on the roof of the Georgia State Capitol.

Agriculture and Agritourism are top business industries. Since the mid-1990s, Lumpkin County has been recognized as "The Heart of Georgia Wine Country." Five vineyards and wineries are located in the county.

Lumpkin county is the home of the U.S. Army's Camp Frank D. Merrill, the home of the 5th Ranger Training Battalion of the U.S. Army Ranger School's mountain Phase. Camp Frank D. Merrill is located in the Northern end of the County, within the Blue Ridge Wildlife Management Area of the Chattahoochee National Forest.[6]

There are three Veterans Organizations located in Lumpkin County, to serve the Veterans and Community. The first is the Heyward Fields American Legion Post 239, the US Army Mountain Ranger Association, and the Lumpkin and White County Veterans of Foreign Wars Post 5533. Lumpkin County also has an agency to help veterans, that agency is named the Lumpkin County Veterans Affairs Advisory Committee, which is in charge of the Lumpkin County Veterans Memorial and the twice yearly Veterans memorial Crosses, which line both sides of the major roads in Dahlonega, from mid-May through the Fourth of July and again for the Month of November. The Crosses are adorned with the names of the county's veterans who have died, some in combat (marked with KIA), and those who returned home and later died.[7]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 284 square miles (740 km2), of which 283 square miles (730 km2) is land and 1.3 square miles (3.4 km2) (0.4%) is water.[8] The summit of Blood Mountain, which Lumpkin shares with Union County to the north, is the highest point in the county. At 4458 feet, Blood Mountain is the 5th-highest peak in Georgia and the highest point on Georgia's portion of the Appalachian Trail.

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 5,671
1850 8,955 57.9%
1860 4,626 −48.3%
1870 5,161 11.6%
1880 6,526 26.4%
1890 6,867 5.2%
1900 7,433 8.2%
1910 5,444 −26.8%
1920 5,240 −3.7%
1930 4,927 −6.0%
1940 6,223 26.3%
1950 6,574 5.6%
1960 7,241 10.1%
1970 8,728 20.5%
1980 10,762 23.3%
1990 14,573 35.4%
2000 21,016 44.2%
2010 29,966 42.6%
Est. 2013 30,918 3.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
1790-1960[10] 1900-1990[11]
1990-2000[12] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 21,016 people, 7,537 households, and 5,366 families residing in the county. The population density was 74 people per square mile (29/km²). There were 8,263 housing units at an average density of 29 per square mile (11/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 94.02% White, 1.46% Black or African American, 0.97% Native American, 0.38% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 1.57% from other races, and 1.53% from two or more races. 3.46% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 7,537 households out of which 32.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.50% were married couples living together, 9.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.80% were non-families. 22.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.30% under the age of 18, 15.40% from 18 to 24, 29.00% from 25 to 44, 21.60% from 45 to 64, and 9.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 96.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $39,167, and the median income for a family was $46,368. Males had a median income of $31,289 versus $23,955 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,062. About 9.00% of families and 13.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.50% of those under age 18 and 16.30% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Lumpkin County is served by Lumpkin County School System. There is 1 high school (Lumpkin County High School), 1 middle school (Lumpkin County Middle School), and 3 elementary schools (Lumpkin County Elementary School, Long Branch Elementary School, and Blackburn Elementary School). The University of North Georgia is also in Lumpkin County.

Communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 23, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ State of Georgia (2012). "Lumpkin County". State of Georgia. Retrieved 2012-05-29. 
  4. ^ Atlanta History Center FAQ
  5. ^ City of Atlanta website
  6. ^ http://www.benning.army.mil › Organizations › 5th RTBn Home
  7. ^ http://www.lumpkincountyveteransadvisory.com/
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 23, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 23, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 23, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 23, 2014. 
  13. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 

Coordinates: 34°34′N 84°00′W / 34.57°N 84.00°W / 34.57; -84.00