|Area||1.063 km2 (0.41 sq mi)|
|Density||5,050 / km2 (13,079 / sq mi)|
Luník IX is a borough in the city of Košice, Slovakia, in the Košice II district. It is located in the western-central part of the city, surrounded by the boroughs of Pereš, Myslava, Barca, Juh and Západ.
Lunik IX houses the largest Romani people community in Slovakia. Although originally built for 2,500 inhabitants, it is estimated that the population is now three times larger. Living standards are low, with services such as gas, water, and electricity cut off, as the majority of inhabitants are not paying rent or utilities fees.
Health standards are low and diseases such as hepatitis, head lice, diarrhoea, scabies, and meningitis are common. Unemployment in the borough reaches almost 100 percent. The borough has one elementary school and a kindergarten.
The Romanian village close to the borough was demolished in 1979 and the Romanian people were moved into Luník IX; in addition, there was a landfill nearby. As early as in the 1980s the Romanians comprised half of the population, which was around 2,000. Over time, the non-Romanian population gradually moved away, with the Romanians taking flats after their departure, and the borough turned into a Romanian ghetto.
In 1995, the city council of Košice created a plan for the living conditions of dodgers, the maladjusted, and people from illegally occupied flats around Košice. They were to be moved into Luník IX, with “non-problematic” families being gradually moved out of it, if they would request. The realization of this plan is on-going.
- Mestská a obecná štatistika SR
- Košický Lunik IX čaká veľké sťahovanie - Pravda.sk
- "Residents of Roma ghetto to be moved". The Slovak Spectator.
- Košice :: Kosice Cassovia Kassa Koszyce :: Slovakia - aktuálne, mapy, doprava, história, foto, médiá, služby ::: Cassovia.Sk
- Doctor struggles to understand Roma ghetto after 25 years - The Slovak Spectator