Luník IX

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Coordinates: 48°41′45″N 21°13′25″E / 48.69583°N 21.22361°E / 48.69583; 21.22361
Luník IX
Borough
LunikIX.jpeg
Luník IX
Flag
Coat of arms
Country Slovakia
Region Košice
District Košice II
Coordinates 48°41′45″N 21°13′25″E / 48.69583°N 21.22361°E / 48.69583; 21.22361
Area 1.063 km2 (0.41 sq mi)
Population 5,368 (2005)
Density 5,050 / km2 (13,079 / sq mi)
Postal code 04011
Area code +421-55
Car plate KE
Location of Luník IX in Slovakia
Location of Luník IX in Slovakia
Website: www.lunik9.sk
Source [1]

Luník IX is a borough in the city of Košice, Slovakia, in the Košice II district. It is located in the western-central part of the city, surrounded by the boroughs of Pereš, Myslava, Barca, Juh and Západ.

Characteristics[edit]

Lunik IX houses the largest Romani people community in Slovakia.[2] Although originally built for 2,500 inhabitants, it is estimated that the population is now three times larger. Living standards are low, with services such as gas, water, and electricity cut off, as the majority of inhabitants are not paying rent or utilities fees.[3]

Health standards are low and diseases such as hepatitis, head lice, diarrhoea, scabies, and meningitis are common.[3] Unemployment in the borough reaches almost 100 percent.[3] The borough has one elementary school and a kindergarten.[4]

Luník IX is serviced by a bus line, which stops only on selected bus stops. Boarding the bus is only allowed through the front door. Due to frequent attacks of aggressive gypsies, bus drivers deployed on the line receive a hazard pay.[5]

History[edit]

The Romani village close to the borough was demolished in 1979 and the Romani people were moved into Luník IX; in addition, there was a landfill nearby. As early as in the 1980s the Romani comprised half of the population, which was around 2,000.[4] Over time, the non-Romani population gradually moved away, with the Romani taking flats after their departure, and the borough turned into a Romani ghetto.[6]

In 1995, the city council of Košice created a plan for the living conditions of dodgers, the maladjusted, and people from illegally occupied flats around Košice.[4] They were to be moved into Luník IX, with “non-problematic” families being gradually moved out of it, if they would request. The realization of this plan is on-going.[4]

References[edit]