Windows XP visual styles
|Windows XP core themes|
|Luna theme, olive green||Luna theme, silver|
Windows XP visual styles are customizations of the graphical user interface of Windows XP. Luna, Royale, Zune, and Embedded are official visual styles designed for Windows XP by Microsoft. Since Windows XP, themes include the choice of visual styles as well. By default, the Luna theme is preinstalled on Windows XP Home and Professional editions, Royale (Energy Blue) is preinstalled on Windows XP Media Center Edition and Embedded theme is preinstalled on Windows XP Embedded. In addition to the preinstalled styles, Microsoft has released additional styles for download. Third parties have also released visual styles, though these require modification of core DLLs to work. Visual styles are compatible with all Windows XP editions.
Compared to previous versions of Windows, the new styles have a greater emphasis on the graphical appeal of the operating system, using unsaturated colors and bitmaps throughout the interface, with rounded corners for windows.
Luna (the Moon in Latin and various other languages) is the codename for the default visual theme of Windows XP. Officially known as Windows XP style, the theme is available in three color schemes: blue (default), olive green, and silver. Some users who did not like the theme characterised it as a "Fisher-Price interface".
There are two classic themes: Windows Classic is the same visual style used in older Windows versions such as Windows 95, Windows NT 4.0, and Windows 98, and is also available in Windows Vista, but not in Windows 7; Windows Standard, which is similar to Windows Classic, was the default in Windows 2000 and Windows ME, and is available in Windows Vista and Windows 7 (named Windows Classic in the latter). Classic themes are less CPU-intensive and offer better performance and greater color and font customization options. Windows Classic is automatically used in Safe mode and on Win32 console windows.
|Windows XP supplemental themes|
|Royale Noir theme||Zune theme|
|Windows XP Embedded theme|
Royale (also known as Media Center style and Energy Blue) was originally designed for Windows XP Media Center Edition 2005, and was ported to Windows XP Tablet PC Edition 2005. It is accompanied by of a new wallpaper (inspired by Windows XP Bliss). It presents a relucent, vivid and faux-reflective color scheme with intense blue and green colors.
Royale was originally made available in December 2004. On April 7, 2005, Microsoft New Zealand made the Royale theme and the wallpapers for the New Zealand theme available for download for all editions of XP through Windows Genuine Advantage on its website. Because of the freeware nature of this package, it is also available on software download websites, such as Softpedia.
Microsoft also released a Windows Media Player visualization and skin. The skin was released in Experience Pack for Tablet PC and was available for free, but it installer only installs it on Windows XP Tablet PC Edition devices, for which it is licensed.
Royale Noir looks like a darkened version of Royale, having a blackish and bluish to purple tint. Royale Noir has a black Start button, which changes to green when the mouse hovers over it. As Royale Noir was leaked and not finalized by Microsoft, it has been noted for some imperfections.
A few weeks after Royale Noir was leaked, Zune was officially released in a theme package to accompany the release of Microsoft's new Zune media player. In terms of style, Zune resembles Royale. It displays a brown to light shadow style and is the first visual style for Windows XP to include a differently colored Start button from the green XP. Notably, this theme is used in Home Depot's POS units.
Windows Embedded Standard CTP Refresh edition came with a dedicated visual style called Embedded. It is similar to Royale, featuring a mix of dark blue colors.
Third-party visual styles
Windows only loads a visual style that bears a valid Microsoft digital certificate. As such, third-party visual styles can only be used if one of the Windows files called
uxtheme.dll is altered to allow unsigned visual styles. Doing so is against Windows license agreement and copyright laws. Despite this, Microsoft is aware of such a practice and even suggests obtaining a newer revision of the patched
uxtheme.dll file in case problems occur after Microsoft's own updates to the file have been applied (typically through an OS service pack).
Third-party applications can be configured to work with visual styles. By default, the title bar and the window borders of Windows Forms-based applications are rendered using the user's preferred visual style, while the rest of the application's graphical user interface (GUI) is rendered in the Classic style. This is because these two different parts of the GUI are rendered using two different software libraries: the title bar and the window borders ("non-client area" or "user controls") use Windows USER, and the remaining controls ("client area" or "common controls") use version 5.8 of the Common Controls Library. Version 6.0 of the Common Controls Library contains both the user controls and the common controls, and developers may configure the application's user interface to be displayed in the user's currently-selected visual style by forcing it to be rendered using version 6.0 of the library.
- US patent 7752631, Dorn, Karlheinz; Plendl, Mario; Scharf, Christian; von Stockhausen, Hans-Martin, "Device and method for a graphical user interface", issued 2010-07-06, assigned to Siemens
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