Luna E-8 No.201
A Luna E-8 spacecraft
|Mission type||Lunar lander|
|Mission duration||Failed to orbit|
|Launch mass||5,590 kilograms (12,320 lb)|
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||19 February 1969, 06:48:15UTC|
|Rocket||Proton-K/D s/n 239-01|
|Launch site||Baikonur 81/24|
Luna E-8 No.201, also known as Luna Ye-8 No.201, and sometimes identified by NASA as Luna 1969A, was a Soviet spacecraft which was lost in a launch failure in 1969. It was a 5,590-kilogram (12,320 lb) Luna E-8 spacecraft, the first of three to be launched, It was intended to perform a soft landing on the Moon, in order to deploy a Lunokhod rover onto the surface. It carried the Lunokhod No.201 rover.
Luna E-8 No.201 was launched at 06:48:15 UTC on 19 February 1969 atop a Proton-K 8K78K carrier rocket with a Blok-D upper stage, flying from Site 81/24 at the Baikonur Cosmodrome. An engine failure during first stage flight resulted in the rocket coming down approximately 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) from its launch pad. Prior to the release of information about its mission, NASA correctly identified that it had been an attempt to deploy a rover onto the Lunar surface.
- Williams, David R. (6 January 2005). "Tentatively Identified Missions and Launch Failures". NASA NSSDC. Retrieved 30 July 2010.
- Wade, Mark. "Luna Ye-8". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 27 July 2010.
- Krebs, Gunter. "Luna E-8". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 27 July 2010.
- McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 27 July 2010.
- Wade, Mark. "Proton". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 27 July 2010.
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