Lunca de Jos

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For the village in Alba County, see Vidra, Alba.
Lunca de Jos
Gyimesközéplok
Commune
Skyline of Lunca de Jos
Location of Lunca de Jos
Location of Lunca de Jos
Lunca de Jos is located in Romania
Lunca de Jos
Lunca de Jos
Location of Lunca de Jos
Coordinates: 46°34′0″N 25°59′0″E / 46.56667°N 25.98333°E / 46.56667; 25.98333Coordinates: 46°34′0″N 25°59′0″E / 46.56667°N 25.98333°E / 46.56667; 25.98333
Country  Romania
County Harghita County
Status Commune
Government
 • Mayor Péter Mihók (Independent)
Area
 • Total 59.06 km2 (22.80 sq mi)
Elevation 930 m (3,050 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 5,265
 • Density 34.66/km2 (89.8/sq mi)
Ethnicity
 • Hungarians 99.2%
 • Romanians 0.78%
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 537145
Area code(s) +40 266

Lunca de Jos (Hungarian: Gyimesközéplok, Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈɟimɛʃkøzeːplok], colloquially Középlok) is a commune in Harghita County, Transylvania, Romania. It lies in the ethno-cultural region Szekely land.

Component villages[edit]

The commune is composed of nine villages:

In Romanian In Hungarian
Baraţcoş Barackospatak
Lunca de Jos Gyimesközéplok
Puntea Lupului Farkaspalló
Poiana Fagului Bükkhavaspataka
Valea Boroş Borospataka
Valea Capelei Kápolnáspataka
Valea Întunecoasă Sötétpataka
Valea lui Antaloc Antalokpataka
Valea Rece Hidegség

History[edit]

Gyimeskozeplok.jpg

The village was historically part of the Székely Land region of Transylvania province. The first peports of settlers in the area was from 1721. It became independent from Gyimesbükk in 1795. The birth registry starts from 1854. The village belonged to Csíkszék district until the administrative reform of Transylvania in 1876, when they fell within the Csík County in the Kingdom of Hungary. After the Treaty of Trianon of 1920, they became part of Romania and fell within Ciuc County during the interwar period. In 1940, the second Vienna Award granted the Northern Transylvania to Hungary and the villages were held by Hungary until 1944. After Soviet occupation, the Romanian administration returned and the commune became officially part of Romania in 1947. Between 1952 and 1960, the commune fell within the Magyar Autonomous Region, between 1960 and 1968 the Mureş-Magyar Autonomous Region. In 1968, the province was abolished, and since then, the commune has been part of Harghita County.

Demographics[edit]

The commune has an absolute Hungarian (Székely and Csángó) majority. According to the 2011 census it has a population of 5,265 of which 99.2% or 5,223 are Hungarian.

Economy[edit]

Until 1989, it was the center of local timber manufacturing with a board and since 1976 a furniture factory. The main activity of the villagers is cattle herding [1] and potato production. Industrial activity has decreased significantly after 1990.

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Váradi, Péter Pál; Lőwey, Lilla (2008). Gyimesek vidéke: Gyimesi csángók (The Gyimes area, the Csángó’s of Gyimes. Budapest: Erdély Fotóalbumok 2008. p. 102. ISBN 9789638641397.