Lune Aqueduct

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Lune Aqueduct
The Lune Aqueduct. Halton - geograph.org.uk - 639775.jpg
Carries Lancaster Canal
Crosses River Lune
Location Lancaster
OS grid reference SD486636
Coordinates 54°04′06″N 2°47′22″W / 54.06838°N 2.78932°W / 54.06838; -2.78932Coordinates: 54°04′06″N 2°47′22″W / 54.06838°N 2.78932°W / 54.06838; -2.78932
Maintained by Canal & River Trust
Designer John Rennie
Trough construction Concrete
Pier construction Stone
Number of spans 5
Total length 664 ft (202.4 m)
Width 20 ft (6.0 m)
Height 61 ft (18.6m)
Boats can pass? Yes
Towpath(s) Both
Begin date January 1794
Opening date Autumn 1797
Listed Building – Grade I
Official name: Lancaster Canal Lune Aqueduct
Designated: 22 December 1953
Reference No. 1362451

The Lune Aqueduct is a navigable aqueduct that carries the Lancaster Canal over the River Lune, on the east side of the city of Lancaster in Lancashire, England. It was completed in 1797 at a total cost of £48,320.18s.10d.[1] It is a Grade I listed building.[2]

Construction[edit]

The aqueduct was designed by civil engineer John Rennie and constructed by architect Alexander Stevens (died 1796, aged 66).[3][4] The cost of the construction was close to £50,000.[5]

The aqueduct is a traditional structure of that time, consisting of five stone arches supporting the stone trough. Within the piers, special volcanic pozzolana powder was imported to be mixed with cement, which allowed the concrete to set under water.[3] Because of the rush to finish the initial stages, before the winter floods, the construction was carried out around the clock and the final bill for the project was over £30,000 over budget (2.6 times the original estimate). This vast overspend was the reason that the Lancaster canal was never joined to the main canal network – there wasn’t enough money for the planned aqueduct over the River Ribble at the southern end of the canal.

Recent restoration[edit]

Work began to restore the aqueduct in January 2011, and was completed in March 2012.[6] The work involved restoring the canal channel, masonry repairs, removing graffiti, and improving public access. The project cost £2.4m, and was funded by British Waterways, Lancaster Canal Trust, English Heritage and the Heritage Lottery Fund.[6]

Inscriptions[edit]

The structure bears two inscriptions:[7]

  • North side: "To Public Prosperity"
  • South side: "QUAE DEERANT ADEUNT: SOCIANTUR DISSITA: MERCES FLUMINA CONVENIUNT ARTE DATURA NOVAS. A.D. MDCCXCVII. ING. I. RENNIE EXTRUX. A. STEVENS. P. ET F." which can be translated as: "Things that are wanting are brought together / Things remote are connected / Rivers themselves meet by the assistance of art / To afford new objects of commerce. AD 1797. Engineer J Rennie. Built A Stevens father and son" (translated from the Latin)

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "A Short History of the Lancaster Canal 1772-1997". Retrieved 19 January 2009. 
  2. ^ English Heritage. "Grade I (383094)". Images of England. 
  3. ^ a b "Lancaster Canal Trust - Lune Aqueduct". Retrieved 21 May 2012. 
  4. ^ Fleury, p.30. It should be noted that on page 574 it is stated that his year of death was 1795.
  5. ^ Fleury, p.116
  6. ^ a b "Work to restore Lancaster's Lune Aqueduct completed". BBC News. Retrieved 21 May 2012. 
  7. ^ "Engineering Timelines - explore ... where". Retrieved 30 December 2008. 

References[edit]

  • Cross Fleury (1891). Time-Honoured Lancaster.