Lungern

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Lungern
Lungern -
Country Switzerland Coat of Arms of Lungern
Canton Obwalden
District n.a.
46°47′N 8°09′E / 46.783°N 8.150°E / 46.783; 8.150Coordinates: 46°47′N 8°09′E / 46.783°N 8.150°E / 46.783; 8.150
Population 2,087 (Dec 2013)[1]
- Density 46 /km2 (120 /sq mi)
Area 46.51 km2 (17.96 sq mi)[2]
Elevation 715 m (2,346 ft)
Postal code 6078
SFOS number 1405
Surrounded by Brienzwiler (BE), Giswil, Hasliberg (BE), Hofstetten bei Brienz (BE), Kerns, Meiringen (BE), Sachseln
Website www.lungern.ch
SFSO statistics
Lungern is located in Switzerland
Lungern
Lungern

Lungern is a municipality in the canton of Obwalden in Switzerland. Lake Lungern is located within the municipality. Besides Lungern itself, the municipality includes the settlements of Bürglen, Kaiserstuhl and Obsee.

Geography[edit]

Village of Lungern

The village of Lungern lies 750 metres (2,460 ft) above sea level in the highest part of the canton of Obwalden, on the lake of Lungern and at the foot of the Brünig Pass. It is the highest village of the Sarneraa-Valley, and is situated in a basin that is open only to the north and is surrounded on all other sides by steep and woody inclinations and rocks.

The municipal district of Lungern has an area of 46.33 square kilometres (11,450 acres), of which 6.48 square kilometres (1,600 acres) are meadow and tilled land, 19.2 square kilometres (4,700 acres) are pastureland, 15.97 square kilometres (3,950 acres) are wooded and the remaining 2.91 square kilometres (720 acres) are unproductive.[3]

The village of Lungern is divided into three districts: on the northern part of the lake is Kaiserstuhl/Bürglen; the town center lies on the eastern side of the lake; and the hamlet Obsee is situated on the southern side of the lake and might be the best maintained part of the old village. There you will still find old houses in their original structure and style.

History[edit]

The first legal proof of Lungern's existence is contained in a tax register for the diocese of the bishop of Konstanz in Germany dating from the year 1275. It is mentioned as Lutigern and also as de Lungern.[4]

View of Lungern, showing the section of Obsee
Lugern, traditional and modern houses along the lake

In 1861 it became easier to reach the village with the construction of the old road over the Brünig pass. A quarter century later, in 1886, the first mail carriages came over the pass. However, this only lasted two years, in 1888 the railroad from Brienz to Alpnachstad (now part of Alpnach) opened. In 1887 the Eibach river flooded causing damage to the old village church. Six years later, in 1893, was the consecration of the neo-gothic style church. At the end of the 18th century the population of Lungern lowered the level of the lake, with great effort and over many years, in order to improve living conditions. The works created new land for agriculture, housing, and a sawmill. Within 80 years the hard-won land was lost to a new dam: in 1922 a company named CKW built and started running a power station located at the lake. Nowadays the local power station (EWO) produces electricity from the power of the water of the Lungerersee. In 1942 the railroad line over the Brünig pass was electrified.

Population and Economy[edit]

Nowadays the village of Lungern has about 1950 inhabitants. The population is stable, so there is a rise in the ratio of old people to total population. In fact 17.5% of the total population of Lungern are of a pensionable age, compared with an average of 12% in the canton. If work opportunities remain limited this will likely grow even further in the future.

Demographics[edit]

Lungern has a population (as of 31 December 2013) of 2,087.[1] As of 2007, 8.6% of the population was made up of foreign nationals.[5] Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 2.6%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (94.8%), with Albanian being second most common ( 2.2%) and French being third ( 0.7%).[3] As of 2000 the gender distribution of the population was 49.7% male and 50.3% female. As of 2000 there are 681 households in Lungern.[5]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was just classed as other, which received 41.7% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SVP (26.2%), the CVP (25.6%) and the SPS (6.5%).[3]

In Lungern about 71.5% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[3]

Economy[edit]

Folk celebration, with traditional costumes.

Lungern has an unemployment rate of 0.6%. As of 2005, there were 156 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 66 businesses involved in this sector. 443 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 27 businesses in this sector. 394 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 54 businesses in this sector.[3] About 24% of the workers are involved in agriculture and forestry, 40% are considered artisans or craftsman. Of the rest of the working population, 13% are in commercial business or teaching staff, 12% are self-employed and 11% are domestic and hotel employees.[6]

Economically, agriculture, forestry and wood-working are predominant. Agriculture comprises cattle-breeding and dairy-farming. All of the agricultural farms are cultivated by native highlanders, and they are mainly situated not in the bottom of the valley but on its slopes.

Historic population[edit]

The historical population is given in the following table:[4]

year population
1790 1,234
1850 1,413
1900 1,828
1950 1,878
1990 1,859
2000 1,965
2005 1,950
2006 1,975
2007 2,023
2008 2,035

Weather[edit]

Lungern has an average of 149.5 days of rain per year and on average receives 1,491 mm (58.7 in) of precipitation. The wettest month is August during which time Lungern receives an average of 163 mm (6.4 in) of precipitation. During this month there is precipitation for an average of 14.4 days. The month with the most days of precipitation is June, with an average of 14.7, but with only 158 mm (6.2 in) of precipitation. The driest month of the year is October with an average of 88 mm (3.5 in) of precipitation over 14.4 days.[7]

Culture and Leisure[edit]

Churches[edit]

There is one Catholic church and one chapel. The church is fairly new, about 110 years old, because the old one got destroyed in a flood of the lake.

Leisure time[edit]

The main sights of Lungern are:

Transport[edit]

The Brünig railway line passes through the municipality, on its route between Interlaken and Lucerne. Both Lungern station and Kaiserstuhl OW station are on the line and in the municipality, both being served by one train per hour in each direction.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 18 August 2014
  2. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  3. ^ a b c d e Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 03-Sep-2009
  4. ^ a b Lungern in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  5. ^ a b Canton Obwalden Statistics accessed 2 September 2009 (German)
  6. ^ Municipality of Lungern-Welcome (German) accessed 3 September 2009
  7. ^ "Temperature and Precipitation Average Values-Table, 1961-1990" (in German, French, Italian). Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology - MeteoSwiss. Retrieved 8 May 2009. , the weather station elevation is 740 meters above sea level.
  8. ^ "Luzern–Brünig–Interlaken". Bundesamt für Verkehr. Retrieved 2013-01-07. 

External links[edit]