Lunglei

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This article is about the municipality in Mizoram, India. For its namesake district, see Lunglei district.
Lunglei
city
Lunglei View.jpg
Lunglei is located in Mizoram
Lunglei
Lunglei
Coordinates: 22°53′N 92°44′E / 22.88°N 92.73°E / 22.88; 92.73Coordinates: 22°53′N 92°44′E / 22.88°N 92.73°E / 22.88; 92.73
Country India
State Mizoram
District Lunglei
Elevation 722 m (2,369 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 47,355
Languages
 • Official Mizo
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)

Lunglei (Pron:/ˈlʊŋˌleɪ/) is a town, situated in the south-central part of Mizoram state, northeastern India. Lunglei, sometimes spelled Lungleh, literally meaning 'bridge of rock' got its name from a bridge like rock found in the riverine area around Nghasih - a small tributary of the river Tlawng. It is the second largest town after the capital, Aizawl, located 165 km (102 miles) south of Aizawl.

History[edit]

Lunglei was the Capital of South Lushai Hill Districts for 10 years from 1888, as was Aizawl for the North Hill Districts.[1] The two were united in 1898. Lunglei is the second-largest town in Mizoram and was an important town until the partition of India as it had direct access to Chittagong, a big city in Bangladesh which made Lunglei the commercial and education centre.[2]

Geography[edit]

Lunglei is located at 22°53′N 92°44′E / 22.88°N 92.73°E / 22.88; 92.73.[3] It had an average elevation of 722 metres (2368 feet).

Demographics[edit]

Lunglei is one of the prominent districts of Mizoram. Encompassing a total area of 4,538 km2, the district of Lunglei has a population of 137,155. The district of Lunglei is situated at a distance of 235 km from Aizwal, the capital of Mizoram and is easily accessible by well maintained roads.The district is bounded on the north by Mamit and Aizawl districts, on the west by Bangladesh, on the south by Lawngtlai district, on the southeast by Saiha district, on the east by Myanmar and on the northeast by Champhai district. As of 2001 India census,[4] Lunglei had a population of 47,355. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Lunglei has an average literacy rate of 84%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 84%, and female literacy is 83%. In Lunglei, 14% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Administration[edit]

The district of Lunglei has been further divided into major sub divisions of Hnahthial SDO (S), Lunglei SDO (S) and Tlabung SDO (S) and 4 R.D. Blocks, Bunghmun, Hnahthial, Lunglei and Lungsen. The district has 7 assembly constituencies. These are South Tuipui, Lunglei North, Lunglei East, Lunglei West, Lunglei South, Thorang and West Tuipui for the administrative convenience of the district officials. Lunglei town is the administrative headquarters of the district.[5]

Education[edit]

The Major Educational Institutions of Higher Learning in Lunglei are:

Tourism[edit]

Blessed with unmatchable natural scenic beauty, Lunglei draws several tourists from far and wide who are absolutely thrilled with the captivating sight of the place. Some of the notable tourist spots of the district of Lunglei are:

  • Zobawk Sports Academy[11]
  • Kawmzawl Park[12]
  • Khawnglung Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Saikuti Hall[13] where most of the concerts and celebrations are held. A unique museum has also been established in the hall where local painters demonstrate their skill and exhibit their works.
  • Thuamluaia Mual - is the second football stadium with Artificial turf in Mizoram.[14]

For those tourists who want to add a bit of adventure in their sojourn to Mizoram, Lunglei offers them with a plethora of picnic spots to explore their inherent sporting skills and sportsman spirit. Lunglei district offers the tourists to enjoy natural splendor coupled with the rich cultural traditions of the region.

Media[edit]

The Major Media in Lunglei are:[15]

  • Hnamdamna
  • J.B. Cable Network
  • Zochhiar
  • Lunglei Times
  • Daifim
  • Ralvengtu[16]
  • Vulmawi[17]
  • Lunglei Tribune
  • Sunday Digest
  • Daily Post
  • Zunzam
  • LDF Cable Network

Transport[edit]

A Helicopter service by Pawan Hans has been started between Aizawl and Lunglei.[18] The Distance between Lunglei and Aizawl is less than 200 kilometres and is connected with regular service of buses and jeeps.[19] There are also plans to construct a small Airport at Kawmzawl, about 25 km from Lunglei.[20]

Economy[edit]

Lunglei has 9.97% of the forest land within its total area. Most of the indigenous local inhabitants of the district of Lunglei depend on agriculture and earn their livelihood from growing crops. The cash crops of coffee and rubber help the district to earn its revenue. The farmers of the district mostly practice the traditional method of shifting cultivation, which is popularly referred to as jhum. Rice is the principal crop in the agricultural economy. Cottage industries produce handloomed cloth, furniture, agricultural equipment, woven textiles, and bamboo and cane work. Lunglei is also the Church Headquarters of Baptist Church of Mizoram.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Prakas, Col Ved (2007). Encyclopaedia of North-East India, Volume 4. Atlantic Publishers. 
  2. ^ K. C. Kabra (2008). Economic Growth of Mizoram: Role of Business & Industry. Concept Publishing Company. 
  3. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Lunglei
  4. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  5. ^ "District Profile". Lunglei District. Retrieved 19 August 2012. 
  6. ^ "J.Buana College-ah seminar". Ralvengtu. Retrieved 5 September 2012. 
  7. ^ "HIGHER AND TECHNICAL INSTIUTE MIZORAM(HATIM)". Baptist Church of Mizoram. Retrieved 22 August 2012. 
  8. ^ "MIZORAM POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE DINHMUN SAWIFIAHNA". DIPR Mizoram. Retrieved 5 September 2012. 
  9. ^ "Lunglei Nursing College". Retrieved 5 September 2012. 
  10. ^ "CHRISTIAN HOSPITAL SERKAWN NURSING SCHOOL GRADUATION DAY 2011". DIPR Mizoram. Retrieved 5 September 2012. 
  11. ^ "Zobawk Sports Academy siam dawn". Ralvengtu. Retrieved 19 August 2012. 
  12. ^ "Kawmzawl park siam mek". Ralvengtu. Retrieved 19 August 2012. 
  13. ^ "Saikuti hall". Architech Consultants. Retrieved 19 August 2012. 
  14. ^ "Lunglei-ah Artificial Turf phah zo". The Zozam Times. Retrieved 19 August 2012. 
  15. ^ "Accredited Journalists". DIPR Mizoram. Retrieved 5 September 2012. 
  16. ^ "Ralvengtu". Retrieved 5 September 2012. 
  17. ^ "Vulmawi". Retrieved 5 September 2012. 
  18. ^ "Mizorama Helicopter Service Hmasa Ber Aizawl-Lunglei". Vulmawi. Retrieved 5 September 2012. 
  19. ^ "Aizawl to Lunglei". Mizoram NIC. Retrieved 29 August 2012. 
  20. ^ "Second airport for Mizoram". The Telegraph. Retrieved 5 September 2012. 

External links[edit]