Lupeni

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Lupeni
Municipality
Coat of arms of Lupeni
Coat of arms
Location of Lupeni
Location of Lupeni
Coordinates: 45°21′37″N 23°14′18″E / 45.36028°N 23.23833°E / 45.36028; 23.23833Coordinates: 45°21′37″N 23°14′18″E / 45.36028°N 23.23833°E / 45.36028; 23.23833
Country  Romania
County Hunedoara County
Status Municipality
Government
 • Mayor Cornel Resmeriță (Social Democratic Party)
Population (2011)
 • Total 21,986
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Website http://www.lupeni.ro

Lupeni (Romanian pronunciation: [luˈpenʲ]; German: Schylwolfsbach, Hungarian: Lupény) is a mining city in the Jiu Valley in Hunedoara County, Romania with a population of 31,409. It is one of the oldest and largest cities in the Jiu Valley. It is located on the banks of the West Jiu river within the Jiu Valley, at a height varying between 630 m (in the east) and 760 m. The distance from Lupeni to Petrosani is 18 km (DN66A), and to Deva (the capital of Hunedoara County) is 114 km.

The name is derived from the Romanian "lup" meaning "wolf".

It was the site of the Lupeni Strike of 1929 and of the Jiu Valley miners' strike of 1977. The mining industry once employed 80% of the workers in the city, but after government subsidies were halted, it proved inefficient and much of it was closed down in 1997. The city's remaining active mine is the Lupeni Coal Mine managed by the Petroșani-based National Hard Coal Company.

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1956 21,188 —    
1966 29,340 +38.5%
1977 28,280 −3.6%
1992 32,853 +16.2%
2002 31,409 −4.4%
2011 21,986 −30.0%
Source: Census data

By nationality[edit]

  • Romanian: 19,465 (88.53%)
  • Hungarian: 1,581 (7.19%)
  • Roma (Gypsy): 735 (3.34%)
  • German: 71 (0.32%)

By religion[edit]

  • Orthodox: 24,815
  • Roman Catholic: 1,921
  • Reformed: 1,562
  • Pentecostal: 688
  • Greek Catholic: 501
  • Other: 1,155

See also[edit]

External links[edit]