Lupicínio Rodrigues (Porto Alegre, September 19, 1914 – Porto Alegre, August 27, 1974) was a great composer of samba-canção from Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. He was the main exponent of a style of samba called Dor-de-Cotovelo. The term, literally "elbow pain", translates as "heartbreak".
Rodrigues left his compositions to be recorded by many Brazilian composers. His most famous interpreter, Jamelão, recorded two albums exclusively devoted to his compositions. Rodrigues is also famous for having written the anthem of Grêmio.