Lupinus luteus

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Lupinus luteus
Illustration Lupinus luteus1.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Genus: Lupinus
Subgenus: Lupinus[1]
Species: L. luteus
Binomial name
Lupinus luteus
L.
Lupinus luteus - MHNT

Lupinus luteus is known as European yellow lupine.

L. luteus L. 1753, Sp. Pl. :722; Willd. 1803, l. c.:1024; DC. 1825, l.c.:407; Willk. et Lange, 1880, l. c.:468; Franco et Silva, 1968, l. c.:105; Zohary, 1972, l. c.:44; Gladstones, 1974, l. c.:17; Vass. 1987, l. c.:214. – yellow lupin.

Typus: Herb. Linn. No 898-8 (LINN). Protologus: « In Siciliae arenosis ».

It is native to the Mediterranean region of Southern Europe.[2] Occurs on mild sandy and volcanic soils in mining belts. As a wild plant, it is widespread over the coastal area in the western part of the Iberian Peninsula, Morocco, Tunisia, and Algeria, on the islands of Corsica, Sardinia and Sicily and in Southern Italy. It is most likely that in Israel and Lebanon it has turned wild. Cultivated in Northern Europe and the CIS (Belarus and Ukraine) as well as, on a smaller scale, in Western Australia and South Africa. Having previously been cultivated in southern France and on Madeira, it has turned wild there. Using combinations of such characters as the colour of the corolla, the carina’s edge, vegetative organs and seeds, 18 varieties, 4 subvarieties and 6 forms have been identified.[3] The plant's yellow seeds, known as lupin beans, were once a common food of the Mediterranean basin and Latin America. Today they are primarily eaten as a pickled snack food.

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ PFAF . accessed 10.21.2011
  3. ^ [2] Lupinus luteus L. (Yellow lupin)
  • Kurlovich B.S. 2002. Lupins. Geography, classification, genetic resources and breeding, St. Petersburg, “Intan”, 468p. http://personal.inet.fi/tiede/lupin/
  • Gladstones, J.S. 1998. Distribution, Origin, Taxonomy, History and Importance. In: J.S. Gladstones et al. (eds.), Lupin as Crop Plants. Biology, Production and Utilization, 1-39.

External links[edit]