Lusatian Mountains

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Lusatian Mountains
Vrchol Luže v zimě.jpg
Cross-country skiing route on the main ridge,
Mt. Luž/Lausche on the horizon
Highest point
Peak Luž/Lausche
Elevation 793 m (2,602 ft)
Coordinates 50°50′56″N 14°38′49″E / 50.84889°N 14.64694°E / 50.84889; 14.64694Coordinates: 50°50′56″N 14°38′49″E / 50.84889°N 14.64694°E / 50.84889; 14.64694
Geography
Krkonosska oblast.svg
Western Sudetes with Lusatian Mountains (5)
Countries Germany and Czech Republic
States Saxony and Bohemia
Parent range Western Sudetes
Geology
Type of rock Sandstone and Granite

The Lusatian Mountains[1] (Czech: Lužické hory, German: Lausitzer Gebirge) are a mountain range of the Western Sudetes located on the southeastern border of Germany with the Czech Republic, a continuation of the Ore Mountains range west of the Elbe valley. The mountains of the northern, German, part are called the Zittau Mountains.

Geography[edit]

Mt. Lausche from the north

The range is among the westernmost extensions of the Sudetes, which stretch along the border between the historic region of Silesia in the north and Bohemia and Moravia in the south up to the Moravian Gate in the east, where they join the Carpathian Mountains. The northwestern foothills of the Lusatian Mountains are called Lusatian Highlands; in the southwest the range borders on the České Středohoří mountains.

The range is largely made up of sandstone sedimentary rocks leaning on a Precambrian crstalline basement. The northern ridge is marked by the Lusatian Fault, a geological disturbance zone separating the Bohemian sandstones from the Lusatian granodiorite. During the Tertiary volcanic magma streams broke through the sandstone layer and solidified into basalt and phonolite. Several sandstone contact areas were also hardened to columns and distinct rock formations.

Both the German (Naturpark Zittauer Gebirge) and the Czech (ChKO Lužické hory) parts nowadays are protected areas according to IUCN guidelines.

Notable mountains[edit]

Pěnkavčí vrch (Finkenkoppe)
View of Kleis in winter

The highest peak is Lausche (Luž) 793 m. Other notable peaks include Pěnkavčí vrch (Finkenkoppe) 792 m, Jedlová (Tannenberg) 774 m, Klíč (Kleis) 760 m, Hvozd (Hochwald) 750 m and Studenec (Kaltenberg) 736 m.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lusatian Mountains at www.luzicke-hory.cz. Accessed on 29 Apr 2011.

External links[edit]