Cross-country skiing route on the main ridge,
Mt. Luž/Lausche on the horizon
|Elevation||793 m (2,602 ft)|
|Countries||Germany and Czech Republic|
|States||Saxony and Bohemia|
|Parent range||Western Sudetes|
|Type of rock||Sandstone and Granite|
The Lusatian Mountains (Czech: Lužické hory, German: Lausitzer Gebirge) are a mountain range of the Western Sudetes located on the southeastern border of Germany with the Czech Republic, a continuation of the Ore Mountains range west of the Elbe valley. The mountains of the northern, German, part are called the Zittau Mountains.
The range is among the westernmost extensions of the Sudetes, which stretch along the border between the historic region of Silesia in the north and Bohemia and Moravia in the south up to the Moravian Gate in the east, where they join the Carpathian Mountains. The northwestern foothills of the Lusatian Mountains are called Lusatian Highlands; in the southwest the range borders on the České Středohoří mountains.
The range is largely made up of sandstone sedimentary rocks leaning on a Precambrian crstalline basement. The northern ridge is marked by the Lusatian Fault, a geological disturbance zone separating the Bohemian sandstones from the Lusatian granodiorite. During the Tertiary volcanic magma streams broke through the sandstone layer and solidified into basalt and phonolite. Several sandstone contact areas were also hardened to columns and distinct rock formations.
The highest peak is Lausche (Luž) 793 m. Other notable peaks include Pěnkavčí vrch (Finkenkoppe) 792 m, Jedlová (Tannenberg) 774 m, Klíč (Kleis) 760 m, Hvozd (Hochwald) 750 m and Studenec (Kaltenberg) 736 m.
- Lausche (Luž), 793 m
- Pěnkavčí vrch (Finkenkoppe), 792 m
- Jedlová (Tannenberg), 774 m
- Klíč (Kleis), 760 m
- Hochwald (Hvozd), 750 m
- Studenec (Kaltenberg), 736 m
- Stožec (Großer Schöber), 665 m
- Jezevčí vrch (Limberg), 665 m
- Střední vrch (Mittenberg), 593 m
- Malý Stožec (Kleiner Schöber) 659 m
- Zlatý vrch (Goldberg), 657 m
- Chřibský vrch (Himpelberg), 621 m
- Sokol (Falkenberg), 592 m
- Töpfer, 582 m
- Popova skála (Pfaffenstein), 565 m
- Ortel (Ortelsberg), 554 m
- Zámecký vrch (Schlossberg), 530 m
- Mount Oybin, 514 m
- Lusatian Mountains at www.luzicke-hory.cz. Accessed on 29 Apr 2011.
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