Hubert von Luschka

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Hubert von Luschka, born Hubert Luschka (July 27, 1820 – March 1, 1875), was a German anatomist. He lent his name to several structures, including the foramina of Luschka, Luschka's crypts, Luschka's law, Luschka's joints, and Ducts of Luschka.

He began studying medicine, initially Pharmacology, in 1841 at the University of Freiburg and the University of Heidelberg. In 1845 he became an assistant to Louis Stromeyer in Freiburg, then moved in 1849 to the University of Tübingen, where he was a lecturer and extraordinary professor until being appointed regular Professor of Anatomy in 1855. He gained a noble title and began using von in his name in 1865.

His work particularly concerned the need for anatomy to be connected in a practical manner to medicine and surgery. His Anatomie des Menschen in Rücksicht auf das Bedürfnis der praktischen Heilkunde (1862–69; Human Anatomy in Consideration of the Needs of Practical Medicine) aimed to provide such a link. He promoted the use of anatomical information in surgery, for example to manipulate internal organs using long needles before cutting the body open, and was one of the first to conduct detailed research on normal corpses (rather than only diseased or anomalous ones), publishing a series of detailed books covering specific aspects of anatomy, such as the nerves of the hands and the blood vessels of the brain.

Works[edit]

  • Die Nerven in der harten Stirnhaut (1850)
  • Die Nerven des Menschlichen Wirbelkanales(1850)
  • Die Struktur der serösen Häute des Menschen (1851)
  • Der nervus phrenicus des Menschen (1853)
  • Die Adergeflechte des menschlichen Gehirns (1855)
  • Die Brustorgane des Menschen in ihrer Lage (1857)
  • Die Halbgelenke des menschlichen Körpers (1858)
  • Die Halsrippen und die ossa suprasternalia (1859)
  • Der Herzbeutel und die Fascia endothoracica (1859)
  • Der Hirnanhang und die Steißdrüse des Menschen (1860)
  • Anatomie des Menschen in Rücksicht auf das Bedürfnis der praktischen Heilkunde (1862–69)
  • Der Schlundkopf des Menschen (1868)
  • Über Maß- und Zahlenverhältnisse des menschlichen Körpers (1871)
  • Der Kehlkopf des Menschen (1871)
  • Die Lage der Bauchorgane (1873)

References[edit]