Lutyens' Delhi is an area in Delhi, specifically New Delhi, India, named after the leading British architect Edwin Lutyens (1869–1944), who was responsible for much of the architectural design and building when India was part of the British Empire in the 1920s and 1930s. This also includes the Lutyens Bungalow Zone (LBZ).
Before the new imperial capital New Delhi was established in 1911, the Old Delhi Railway Station served the Agra-Delhi railways, the line cut through what is today called Lutyens' Delhi. The line was eventually shifted to make way for the new capital and the New Delhi Railway Station was built near Ajmeri Gate in 1926.
Design and construction
Lutyens led a team of architects in laying out the central administrative area of the city, with the charge of retaining one-third of the area as green space. At the heart of the city was the impressive Rashtrapati Bhawan, formerly known as Viceroy's House, located on the top of Raisina Hill. The Rajpath, also known as King's Way, connects India Gate to Rashtrapati Bhawan, while Janpath, which crosses it at a right angle, connects South End Road (renamed as Rajesh Pilot Marg) with Connaught Place. Currently, Pranab Mukherjee is the President of India, and stays in the official house of Rashtrapati Bhawan.
The Secretariat Building, which house various ministries of the Government of India including the Prime Minister's Office, is beside the Rashtrapati Bhawan and was designed by Herbert Baker. Also designed by Baker was the Parliament House, located on the Sansad Marg, running parallel with the Rajpath. Two magnificent cathedrals in the area, the Anglican Cathedral Church of the Redemption and Catholic Sacred Heart Cathedral were designed by Henry Medd.
Lutyens Bungalow Zone
Lutyens Bungalow Zone (LBZ) is the area spread over 2,800-hectare area with bungalows for government officials and their administrative offices. The zone stretches up to Lodhi Road in the south. In order to create development control norms, the Ministry of Urban Development constituted the 'New Delhi Redevelopment Advisory Committee' (NDRAC) in 1972, when the redevelopment of the areas around the walled city, north of Connaught Place and on Prithviraj Road was taken up. Thus the Lutyens Bungalow Zone (LBZ) was first notified in 1988 and later modified in 2003.
Government owned Bunglows
There are about 1000 bungalows in the LBZ, of which less than ten percent are in private hands. The LBZ has the most expensive real estate in India, possibly the world. The current market price of a square yard of land in the area ia is about Rupees 7.5 million per square yards or about US 12500 dollars.  The official residence of Prime Minister of India, which includes the 7, Race Course Road complex of five bunglows, spread over 12 acres, is in the LBZ. The former Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, also resides in the LBZ. He was alloted Type VII bungalow, on 3 Motilal Nehru Marg, previously occupied by Delhi chief minister Sheila Dikshit, on 27 February, 2014 by Kamal Nath Minister of Urban Development. Former Prime Ministers, who are not a member of Parliament (MP), are not entitled government bungalow. Manmohan Singh, was alloted the sprawling bunglow on account of his being Rajya Sabha MP from Assam. . However Mr. Atal Vihari Vajpayee who is not even a Member of any house continues to reside in a sprawling bungalow on Krishna Menon Marg with his family since 2005 .
Privately owned Bunglows
The area under private ownership in the LBZ is about 254.5 acres. The market value of this has increased eight fold from Rs 6,100 crore to Rs 49,000 crore in the last ten years. In 2013, Rajan Mittal, Bharti Enterprises Vice-Chairman bought a bungalow in the zone for Rs 156 crore. Rajiv Rattan, India bulls co-founder, it was reported, in June 2014, was buying a 2,920 sq yard plot for Rs 220 crore.
Despite its name, Edwin Lutyens, the architect of Delhi, designed 4 bungalows in the Rashtrapati Bhavan Estate, (Viceroy House Estate); now, these bungalows lie on the Mother Teresa Crescent (then Willingdon Crescent). Lutyens, apart from designing the Viceroy's House, designed large government building and was involved with town planning.
Herbert Baker, who also designed with the Secretariat Buildings (North and South Block), designed bungalows on the then King George's Avenue (south of the Secretariats) for high-ranking officials. Other members of the team of architects were Robert Tor Russel, William Henry Nicholls, CG Blomfield, FB Blomfield, Walter Sykes George, Arthur Gordon Shoosmith and Henry Medd.
Sansad Bhavan, Parliament House.
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