Not evaluated (IUCN 3.1)
T. N. Gill, 1885
Luvarus imperialis, the louvar or luvar, is a species of perciform fish, the only extant species in the genus Luvarus and family Luvaridae. It is closely related to the surgeonfish. The juvenile form has a pair of spines near the base of the tail, like the surgeonfish, though they are lost in the adult.
It is a big ellipsoidal fish, growing to 200 centimetres (79 in) TL though most do not exceed 152 centimetres (60 in). The greatest weight recorded for this species is 150 kilograms (330 lb). It is pink in color and possesses a characteristic bulging forehead. It is found in surface waters of temperate and tropical oceans throughout the world were it can be found at depths of from near the surface to 200 metres (660 ft). It feeds on jellyfish, ctenophores and other soft-bodied planktonic animals. It is hardly ever found in fish markets in the United States, only as bycatch, but is prized as an eating fish.
One extinct species in the genus Luvarus and two extinct genera are only known from fossils dating back to the Paleogene:
- caught and stolen in Cabo San Lucas, November 2012.
- "Luvarus imperialis". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 18 April 2006.
- Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2006). "Luvaridae" in FishBase. February 2006 version.
- "Louvar". Australian Museum Fish Site. Retrieved 31 March 2006.
- "Phylogenetic Revision of the Fish Families Luvaridae and †Kushlukiidae (Acanthuroidei), with a New Genus and Two New Species of Eocene Luvarids" Contains information about Luvaridae and Kushlukiidae (Acanthuroidei).