|Province of Belgium|
|• Governor||Bernard Caprasse|
|• Total||4,443 km2 (1,715 sq mi)|
|Population (1 January 2012)|
|• Density||62/km2 (160/sq mi)|
|Website||Official site (French)|
Luxembourg (Dutch: Luxemburg (help·info), also German; Luxembourgish: Lëtzebuerg, Walloon: Lussimbork) is the southernmost province of Wallonia and of Belgium. It borders on (clockwise from the East) the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, France, and the Belgian provinces of Namur and Liège. Its capital is Arlon, in the south-east of the province.
It has an area of 4,443 km², making it the largest Belgian province. At around a quarter of a million residents, it is also the province with the smallest population, making it easily the most sparsely populated province in an otherwise densely populated country. It is also significantly larger and significantly less populous than the neighbouring Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. Luxembourg province is divided into five administrative districts (arrondissements in French) containing 44 municipalities. The province also covers the Ardennes on the north part and the Belgian Lorraine (of which the Gaume is the Roman[clarification needed] part) on the south part.
The province was separated from the neighbouring Luxembourg by the Third Partition of Luxembourg in 1839, after the Belgian Revolution, and declared to remain a part of Belgium. The residents of Luxembourg are mostly Francophone, but there is a small Luxembourgish-speaking minority, in Arelerland, near the border with the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg.
The tricolour is official, but not in wide use. The many-striped flag is not official, but is in wide use.
List of governors
- Jean-Baptiste Thorn (1830–1836)
- Victorin de Steenhault (1836–1841)
- Joseph de Riquet de Caraman et de Chimay (1841–1842)
- Charles Vandamme (1862–1884)
- Paul de Gerlache (1884–1891)
- Édouard Orban de Xivry (1891–1901)
- Emmanuel de Briey (1902–1932)
- Fernand Van den Corput (1932–1940)
- René Greindl (1940–1944)
- Fernand Van den Corput (1944–1945)
- Pierre Clerdent (1946–1953)
- Maurice Brasseur (1965–1976)
- Jacques Planchard (1976–1996)
- Bernard Caprasse (1996 – present day) (CDH)
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