Luxembourg Findel Airport

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This article is about the airport with the ICAO code ELLX. For the London railway engineering project sometimes known by this acronym, see East London Line Extension.
Luxembourg Airport
Fluchhafe Lëtzebuerg
Aéroport de Luxembourg
Flughafen Luxemburg
Aeroport Findel Luxembourg terminal A 01.jpg

IATA: LUXICAO: ELLX

LUX is located in Luxembourg
LUX
LUX
Location of airport in Luxembourg
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Luxembourg Airport Authority
Serves Luxembourg City, Luxembourg
Location Sandweiler
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 1,234 ft / 376 m
Coordinates 49°37′24″N 006°12′16″E / 49.62333°N 6.20444°E / 49.62333; 6.20444Coordinates: 49°37′24″N 006°12′16″E / 49.62333°N 6.20444°E / 49.62333; 6.20444
Website lux-airport.lu
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
06/24 4,000 13,123 Concrete/Asphalt
Statistics (2013)
Aircraft movements 80,397
Passengers 2,197,331
Cargo (kg) 673,499,726
Source: Belgian AIP at EUROCONTROL[1]
Statistics from ANA [1]

Luxembourg Findel Airport (IATA: LUXICAO: ELLX) is the main airport in Luxembourg. It is Luxembourg's only international airport and is the only airport in the country with a paved runway. It is located 3.25 NM (6.02 km; 3.74 mi) away from Luxembourg City. The airport is completely international as there are no other commercial airports in the country. In 2013 it handled 2,197,497 passengers.[2] By cargo tonnage, Findel ranked as Europe's 5th busiest and the world's 28th busiest in 2010.

Luxair, Luxembourg's international airline, and cargo airline Cargolux have their head offices on the airport property.[3][4]

History[edit]

A Luxair Boeing 737-700 landing at Luxembourg Findel Airport

Early years[edit]

The airport was originally known as "Sandweiler Airport", and was opened in the 1930s as a small grass airfield with a relatively short, 3400' (1000m) runway.

German use during World War II[edit]

Neutral Luxembourg was invaded by Germany on 10 May 1940, and on 21 May, the Luftwaffe assigned Jagdgeschwader 53 (JG 53), a Messerschmitt Bf 109 fighter unit to the airport. JG 53 was engaged in combat against the French and British Expeditionary Force in France during the Battle of France in May and June. In addition, Jagdgeschwader 52 (JG 52) also operated Bf 109s from Sandweiler during the Blitzkrieg. JG 52 moved into France on 29 May, however JG 53 remained in Luxembourg until 18 August until moving closer to the English Channel to take part in the Battle of Britain.[5]

Sandweiler Airport remained unused by the Luftwaffe until September 1944, when a reconnaissance unit, Aufklärungsgruppe 123 (AKG 123) was assigned to the airport which flew the Henschel Hs 126, a two-seat reconnaissance and observation aircraft. AKG 123 moved east into Germany after only a few days when the United States Army moved through Luxembourg and cleared the country of the occupying German forces.[5]

Allied use[edit]

United States Army combat engineers arrived at Sandweiler in mid September 1944 and performed some minor reconstruction to prepare the airfield for Ninth Air Force combat aircraft. The airfield was designated as Advanced Landing Ground "A-97" Sandweiler and was opened on 18 September. The Ninth Air Force 363d Tactical Reconnaissance Group operated a variety of photo-reconnaissance aircraft until 29 October 1944 when they also moved east into Germany.[6][7]

Sandweiler Airport was used by the Americans for the rest of the war as a transport supply airfield and also to evacuate combat casualties to England. It was returned to Luxembourgish control on 15 August 1945.[8]

Present[edit]

Luxembourg Airport has constructed a high-security zone far away from most airport activities in order to attract the business of transporting valuable goods such as art and jewels. According to Hiscox, there is a "massive demand" for such a hub for precious cargo. Planes taxi away from main airport facilities before loading.[9]

Terminals[edit]

Terminal A[edit]

Check-in area in Terminal A

Construction of the new Terminal A started in 2005 and it was inaugurated in May 2008.

Old Terminal A[edit]

Built in 1975, the building was the only terminal of the airport for 30 years, until terminal B opened in 2004. The terminal was getting overcrowded especially during the summer period, and only contained two or three shops. The terminal started to be demolished at the end of 2011 and was complete by March 2012, this was in order to make way for a footbridge connecting terminal B to the new terminal A.

Terminal B[edit]

Terminal B opened in 2004, the building is unique as it only has gates and no check-in counters or arrivals hall. It was built for small planes with a maximum capacity of 50 people. It can handle up to 600,000 passengers a year.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

Airlines Destinations
British Airways London-Heathrow
easyJet Lisbon, London-Gatwick, Milan-Malpensa, Porto (begins 4 June 2015)[10]
Hahn Air Düsseldorf
KLM
operated by KLM Cityhopper
Amsterdam
Lufthansa Regional
operated by Lufthansa CityLine
Munich
Luxair Barcelona, Berlin-Tegel, Copenhagen, Dublin, Djerba, Florence, Frankfurt, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Geneva, Gran Canaria, Hamburg, Heraklion, Ibiza, Lanzarote, Lisbon, London-City, Madrid, Málaga, Marrakech, Milan-Malpensa, Monastir, Munich, Nice, Palermo (begins 24 May 2015), Palma de Mallorca, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Porto, Rome-Fiumicino, Saarbrücken, Stockholm-Arlanda, Tenerife South, Vienna
Seasonal: Agadir, Ajaccio, Antalya, Bastia, Boa Vista, Bodrum, Burgas, Cagliari, Catania, Chania, Dubrovnik, Constanta, Corfu, Faro, Izmir, Jerez de la Frontera, Kos, Malta, Naples, Olbia (Begins 17 May 2015), Palermo, Paphos, Rhodes, Rimini, Sal, Varna, Venice-Marco Polo
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen
SunExpress Antalya (begins 3 April 2014) [11][12]
Swiss International Air Lines
operated by Swiss European Air Lines
Zurich
TAP Portugal Lisbon, Porto
TAP Portugal
operated by Portugália
Lisbon, Porto
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk
Vueling Barcelona

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Cargolux Abidjan, Abu Dhabi, Accra, Almaty, Amman, Amsterdam, Atlanta, Baku, Bangkok Suvarnabhumi, Barcelona, Beijing Capital, Beirut, Bogotá, Brazzaville, Budapest, Buenos Aires-Ezeiza, Calgary, Campinas Viracopos, Chennai, Chicago-O'Hare, Curitiba-Afonso Pena, Dammam, Doha, Dubai, Fortaleza, Glasgow-Prestwick, Guadalajara, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Houston Intercontinental, Huntsville, Indianapolis, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen, Johannesburg, Karachi, Kinshasa, Komatsu, Kuala Lumpur, Kuwait, Lagos, Latacunga, Libreville, London-Stansted, Los Angeles, Lusaka, Maastricht, Melbourne, Mexico City, Miami, Milan Malpensa, Manaus, N'Djamena, Nairobi, New York-JFK,[13] Ouagadougou, Panama City, Petrolina, Quito, Recife, Santiago de Chile, Seattle/Tacoma, Seoul Incheon, Shanghai Pudong, Sharjah, Singapore, Sydney, Taipei-Taoyuan, Tbilisi, Vienna, Zaragoza
China Airlines Cargo Abu Dhabi, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Ho Chi Minh City, Prague, Taipei Taoyuan
Ethiopian Airlines Cargo Addis Ababa, Liège, Pointe-Noire[14]
Qatar Airways Cargo Atlanta, Doha, Houston Intercontinental, Mexico City, Toronto-Pearson
Silk Way Airlines Baku
Panalpina Huntsville

Incidents and accidents[edit]

  • On 22 December 1969, Vickers Viscount LX-LGC of Luxair was damaged beyond economic repair when it ran off the runway and the nose wheel collapsed.[15]
  • On 29 September 1982, An Aeroflot Ilyushin Il-62M passenger plane suffered a runway excursion on landing at Luxembourg Findel Airport.
  • On 21 January 2010, Cargolux 7933, operated by Boeing 747-400 LX-OCV struck a vehicle on landing. The van suffered major damage and the aircraft sustained a damaged tyre.[16]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

  1. ^ EAD Basic
  2. ^ http://www.lux-airport.lu/forcedownload.php?iddownload=101391779396&type=_pdf_
  3. ^ "Legal." Luxair. Retrieved on 7 February 2011. "Luxair S.A. LuxairGroup Luxembourg Airport L-2987 Luxembourg."
  4. ^ "Network & Offices Luxembourg." Cargolux. Retrieved on 15 May 2010. "Cargolux Head Office Luxembourg Airport L 2990 Luxembourg"
  5. ^ a b The Luftwaffe, 1933–45
  6. ^ IX Engineer Command ETO Airfields, Airfield Layout
  7. ^ Maurer, Maurer. Air Force Combat Units of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History, 1983. ISBN 0-89201-092-4.
  8. ^ Johnson, David C. (1988), U.S. Army Air Forces Continental Airfields (ETO), D-Day to V-E Day; Research Division, USAF Historical Research Center, Maxwell AFB, Alabama.
  9. ^ Michaels, Daniel (19 February 2013). "Gunmen Waylay Jet, Swipe Diamond Trove". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 20 February 2013. 
  10. ^ https://www.facebook.com/AeroportoPorto?fref=ts
  11. ^ http://www.lux-airport.lu/
  12. ^ http://www.sunexpress.com/
  13. ^ "Cargolux Schedule: JFK-LUX". Retrieved July 6, 2013. 
  14. ^ Ethiopian Airlines Cargo Schedule
  15. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 7 October 2009. 
  16. ^ "Incident: Cargolux B744 at Luxemburg on January 21st 2010, touched van on runway during landing". Aviation Herald. Retrieved 23 January 2010. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Luxembourg-Findel International Airport at Wikimedia Commons