Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party
|Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party
Lëtzebuerger Sozialistesch Arbechterpartei
|Founded||5 July 1902 (historical)
|Headquarters||68, rue de Gasperich
|Youth wing||Luxembourgese Socialist Youth|
|International affiliation||Socialist International|
|European affiliation||Party of European Socialists|
|European Parliament group||Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats|
|Chamber of Deputies|
The Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party (Luxembourgish: Lëtzebuerger Sozialistesch Arbechterpartei, French: Parti Ouvrier Socialiste Luxembourgeois, German: Luxemburger Sozialistische Arbeiterpartei), abbreviated to LSAP or POSL, is a social-democratic political party in Luxembourg.
The LSAP is the second-largest party in the Chamber of Deputies, having won 13 of 60 seats at the 2009 election, and has one seat in the European Parliament. It is the junior partner in the current grand coalition with the Christian Social People's Party (CSV). The party's President is Alex Bodry, a deputy and the Mayor of Dudelange, but the leading member in the government is Jean Asselborn, the Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Foreign Affairs.
Primarily social democratic, but with a democratic socialist faction, the party has a strong working class identity. It is close to the Confederation of Independent Trade Unions, the country's largest trade union centre, but they have no formal links. The LSAP is particularly strong in the south of the country, controlling most of the mayoralties in the large towns of the Red Lands. It is affiliated to the Socialist International and Party of European Socialists.
- 5 July 1902: Foundation of the Social Democratic Party.
- 1905: Left-wing elements split to create the Social Democratic Workers' Party.
- 1912: Reunification of the PSD and POSD.
- 1916: Party renamed to 'Socialist Party', part of the International.
- 2 January 1921: Communist elements split to create the Communist Party of Luxembourg.
- 1924: Party renamed to 'Luxembourg Workers' Party'.
- The party was a member of the Labour and Socialist International between 1923 and 1940.
- 5 November 1937: Party joins government for the first time in coalition under Prime Minister Pierre Dupong.
The party was reformed after the Second World War as the 'Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party', in the mould of the Labour Party in the United Kingdom, where the government had been exiled. In the first election after the war, in 1945, the LSAP was the big loser, falling to 26% of the vote, but remained in the National Union Government, along with all other parties.
- 2 May 1970: Henry Cravatte is ejected as President by a trades union-led coup.
- March 1971: Centrist elements, led by Cravatte, split to create the Social Democratic Party.
- 1984: Reunification of the LSAP with most of the Social Democratic Party (some join the CSV).
Below are charts of the results that the Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party has secured in the Chamber of Deputies at each election. Timelines showing the number of seats and percentage of votes won are on the right.
The formal leader of the party is the President. However, often, a government minister will be the most important member of the party, as Jean Asselborn is now. Below is a list of Presidents of the Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party since 1945.
- Michel Rasquin (1945 – 1951)
- Paul Wilwertz (1951 – 1952)
- Albert Bousser (1952 – 1954)
- Émile Ludwig (1954 – 1955)
- Paul Wilwertz (1955 – 1959)
- Henry Cravatte (1959 – 1970)
- Antoine Wehenkel (1970 – 1974)
- Lydie Schmit (1974 – 1980)
- Robert Krieps (1980 – 1985)
- Ben Fayot (1985 – 1997)
- Jean Asselborn (1997 – 2004)
- Alex Bodry (2004 – )
- LSAP is more commonly used, although the French POSL is also mandated by the party's statutes. (French) "LSAP party statutes". Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party. 17 March 2002. Retrieved 2006-07-19.
- Slomp, Hans (2011). Europe, A Political Profile: An American Companion to European Politics: An American Companion to European Politics, Volume 1. ABC-CLIO. p. 477. ISBN 9780313391828. Retrieved August 15, 2012.
- Parties and Elections in Europe: The database about parliamentary elections and political parties in Europe, by Wolfram Nordsieck
- Hearl (1987), p. 255
- Kowalski, Werner. Geschichte der sozialistischen arbeiter-internationale: 1923 - 19. Berlin: Dt. Verl. d. Wissenschaften, 1985. p. 308
- Thewes (2006), p. 123
- (Dutch) Lucardie, A.P.M. De Stiefkinderen van de Sociaal-Democrati.
- "Les présidents du LSAP depuis 1945". Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party. Retrieved 23 April 2010.
- Hearl, Derek (1987). "Luxembourg 1945–82: Dimensions and Strategies". In Budge, Ian; Robertson, David; Hearl, Derek. Ideology, Strategy, and Party Change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 254–69. ISBN 978-0-521-30648-5.
- Thewes, Guy (October 2006). Les gouvernements du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg depuis 1848 (PDF) (in French) (2006 ed.). Luxembourg City: Service Information et Presse. ISBN 978-2-87999-156-6. Retrieved 13 April 2010.