Luxembourg was one of the countries that participated in the first Eurovision Song Contest in 1956.
From their debut to 1993 Luxembourg competed frequently in the Contest, being absent from the contest once during this period. However since being relegated from taking part in the 1994 Contest the country withdrew from the contest indefinitely after a run of bad placings in the late 1980s and early 1990s.
In 2004, RTL were to return to Eurovision after an absence of 11 years. However, after monetary issues, Luxembourg withdrew. Strong rumours indicated that RTL would participate at the 2005 contest. However, RTL later decided against it, and said that they would "never" return. In 2008, RTL later reiterated their lack of interest in returning to the contest.
In recent years the Luxembourg branch of OGAE has been campaigning for Luxembourg to return to the contest. The 2008 convention held by the organization, featuring Luxembourgish entrants Corinne Hermès and Marion Welter, as well as the Portuguese entrant of the 2008 contestVânia Fernandes, received major media attention within the country, with RTL reporting twice on the event, and were present to interview Hermès.
The chances of Luxembourg returning to the contest seem to be slim, but the RTL Group is still a member of the EBU and announced in September 2009 that they were in serious considerations regarding returning to the contest in 2010. However, they would have had to secure fees regarding participation and the artist's expenses. Although it was rumoured that Luxembourg would return in the 2012 edition of the contest, RTL has announced that no such intentions exist at present.
Due to the country's small size and the national broadcaster's penchant for internal selection, most of Luxembourg's entrants came from outside the Grand Duchy, namely from France. All five of the winning artists from Luxembourg were foreign, four were French and one was Greek. Out of 38 entries in total and even more performers, only seven singers (Solange Berry, Camillo Felgen, Monique Melsen, Sophie Carle, Franck Olivier, Sarah Bray and Marion Welter) were native to Luxembourg.
Through the 37 years Luxembourg took part in the Eurovision Song Contest, the contest was broadcast on two channels (RTL TV and RTL Hei Elei) however the contest was mostly broadcast on the French section of RTL until it was divided in 1991 and after that it was broadcast in Luxembourgian. That said only one commentators (Maurice Molitor) was native to Luxembourg.