|Intercommunality||Pays de Luxeuil|
|• Mayor (2008)||Michel Raison|
|Area1||21.81 km2 (8.42 sq mi)|
|• Density||370/km2 (950/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||70311 / 70300|
|Elevation||260–395 m (853–1,296 ft)
(avg. 294 m or 965 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
Luxeuil (sometimes rendered Luxeu in older texts) was the Roman Luxovium and contained many fine buildings at the time of its destruction by the Huns under Attila in 451. In 590, St Columban here founded the Abbey of Luxeuil, afterwards one of the most famous in Franche-Comté. In the 8th century, it was destroyed by the Saracens; afterwards rebuilt, monastery and town were devastated by the Normans, Magyars, and Muslims in the 9th century and pillaged on several occasions afterwards. The burning of the monastery and ravaging of the town are commonly used to illustrate the point that no place in Europe was safe during the invasions.
The abbey schools were celebrated in the Middle Ages and the abbots had great influence; but their power was curtailed by the emperor Charles V and the abbey was suppressed at the time of the French Revolution.
- INSEE (English)
- H Beaumont, Etude hist. sur l'abbaye de Luxeuil, 890-1790 (Lux. 1895)
- Grandmongin and A Garnier, Hist. de la mile et des thermes de Luxeuil (Paris, 1866), with 16 plates.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
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