Luxor Obelisk

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The Obelisk of Luxor at the center of the Place de la Concorde.
Detail of the pedestal.
The remaining obelisk at Luxor Temple Pylon.

The Luxor Obelisk (French: Obélisque de Louxor) is a 23 metre (75 ft) high Egyptian obelisk standing at the center of the Place de la Concorde in Paris, France. It was originally located at the entrance to Luxor Temple, in Egypt.

History[edit]

The Luxor Obelisk is over 3,000 years old and was originally situated outside of Luxor Temple, where its twin remains to this day. It first arrived in Paris on December 21, 1833, having been shipped from Luxor via Alexandria and Cherbourg,[1] and three years later, on October 25, 1836, was moved to the center of Place de la Concorde by King Louis-Phillipe. It was gifted to France by Muhammed Ali, Khedive of Egypt.

Sphinx towing the barge Louqsor ferrying the Louqsor Obelisk to France

In August 1832, the French paddle ship Sphinx sailed to Alexandria to rendezvous there with the barge Louqsor, which was to load the Luxor Obelisk and bring it to Paris. Sphinx then towed Louqsor back to France. The ships departed on 1 April 1833 and reached Toulon on 10 May. The ships arrived at Cherbourg on 12 August 1833.

Features[edit]

The obelisk, a yellow granite column, rises 23 metres (75 ft) high, including the base, and weighs over 250 metric tons (280 short tons). It is decorated with hieroglyphs exalting the reign of the king Ramses II.

Given the technical limitations of the day, transporting it was no easy feat: on the pedestal are drawn diagrams explaining the complex machinery that were used for the transportation. The obelisk is flanked on both sides by fountains constructed at the time of its erection on the Place.

Missing its original pyramidion (believed stolen in the 6th century BC), the government of France added a gold-leafed pyramid cap to the top of the obelisk in 1998.

Modern events[edit]

  • On the morning of December 1, 1993, the anti-AIDS Charity Act Up Paris covered the obelisk with a giant pink condom to mark World AIDS Day.[2]
  • In 1998 and 2000 Alain "Spiderman" Robert, the French urban climber, scaled the obelisk without the use of any ropes or other climbing equipment or safety devices.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.eutouring.com/the_luxor_obelisk_paris.html. Retrieved 7 November 2014.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. ^ One participant recounts (in French) her experience, and a photo is shown at [1]

Follert, Michael. (2014). Enjoyment Petrification: The Luxor obelisk in a melancholic century. http://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=mZ__kDrt8doC&oi=fnd&pg=PA123&dq=french+luxor+obelisk&ots=fyV1qLy5L9&sig=L1gdapp8ATJr1lwkitxv7F5CAZ0#v=onepage&q=french%20luxor%20obelisk&f=false

Levin, William C. (2006). Cultural Commentary: Le Vin in Paris.Bridgewater Review, 25(1), 30-32. Available at: http://vc.bridgew.edu/br_rev/vol25/iss1/13

http://www.viator.com/Paris-attractions/Obelisk-of-Luxor/d479-a9022

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 48°51′56″N 2°19′16″E / 48.86556°N 2.32111°E / 48.86556; 2.32111