|This article relies too much on references to primary sources. (July 2008)|
Constructed many centuries before it became a lycée, the building originally served as the home of the Order of the Jesuits. The lycée itself was founded by Napoléon Bonaparte and celebrated its bicentennial in 2004.
The lycée is directly connected to the Collège Charlemagne (formerly known as le petit lycée) which is located directly across from it, on the Rue Charlemagne.
- three first-year classes:
- four second-year classes:
- two of mathematics and physics
- two of physics and chemistry.
The school is associated with Charlemagne Middle School that is located just opposite it, on Rue Charlemagne, and is alongside the walls of Philippe Auguste, of which only the exterior cladding still exists.
In 1580, Cardinal de Bourbon bought the Duchess of Montmorency Hotel of Rochepot and Damville. He gave it to the Jesuits, who demolished the main building located along the Rue Saint Antoine and replaced it with a chapel dedicated to St. Louis, in 1582.
Between 1627 and 1647, the Jesuits built a building destined to become their home on the grounds of Philippe-Auguste. This home became one of the most famous of the order.It is the home of the confessors of Kings, whose father La Chaise confessors of Louis XIV with Father Michel Le Tellier and renowned preachers such as Bourdaloue or Ménestrier and Father Pierre Cotton, which was that of Henri IV and Louis XIII.
From 1762 to 1767, the buildings were deserted after the expulsion of the Society of Jesus under the ministry of the Duke of Choiseul.
On May 23, 1767 the Génovéfains of Val-des-Écoliers bought the House of the Jesuits for 400,000 livres; the regular canons of the reform of Saint Genevieve left their priory of Saint Catherine of Couture (that fell into ruins) and occupied the ancient Jesuit novitiate, which they called Royal Priory of St. Louis of Couture (or culture).
They rented the large library gallery to the city of Paris. It was established from 1773 until the year 1790, the public library in the city of Paris.
At the French Revolution, the Constituent Assembly having suppressed the monastic orders, on March 17, 1795 (27 Ventose Year III) an order of the Management Board put the library of the Commune at the disposal of the National Institute of Sciences and Arts, who plundered the bottom (20-30 000 books).
In 1797, the former Professed House of the Jesuits became the Central School of the Saint-Antoine Street. Under the Empire, Joseph Lakanal accepted the chair of ancient languages at the Central School of the Saint-Antoine Street.
The Law of 11 Floreal (May 1, 1802) rechristened the central school of Saint-Antoine street, which became the Lycee Charlemagne.
The imperial decree of 24 Brumaire year XIII showed the willingness to install the high school near the Place des Vosges, in the house of Minimes; but the decree of March 21, 1812 confirmed its presence and authorised the expansion of the high school that receives then four hundred residents (external).
In 1815, it was rechristened, and became the College Royal de Charlemagne.
The chapel of St. Louis, in 1582, was replaced by the present church in 1627. King Louis XIII laid the first stone and was known as the Saint-Louis des Jesuits. His plan was carried out by two Jesuits, the brother Étienne Martellange (one thousand five hundred sixty-eight - in 1641 ) and François Derand. The first mass was celebrated on May 9, 1641 by Cardinal Richelieu, benefactor of the church in 1634 , to whom he offered the beautiful oak doors carved with the initials of the Society of Jesus. Bourdaloue made her debut in 1669 and there, pronounced the funeral oration of the Grand Condé in 1687. Bossuet and Fléchier also preached. In the original chapel, was baptized in 1626 Marie-Chantal of Rabutin , the future Ms. de Sevigne.
The school welcomes seven second classes, a first and last L, a first and last ES, 1st five and six terminal S. The current headmaster is Pierrette Floc'h, succeeding Alberto Munoz in 2011. The school is ranked 22nd of 99 in the departmental level in terms of quality of education, and 185th nationally. The ratings are determined by three criteria: the level of success, the proportion of students who obtained a Bachelor’s Degree having spent their last two years of school at the establishment, and the added value (calculated from the social background of students, their age and their results at national certificate).
It also hosts preparatory classes for schools , namely two classes of MPSI , a class of HPIC for the first year, an MP, and a PC for the second year.
In 2015, L'Étudiant gave the following ranking for competitions in 2014:
Over 5 Years
Over 1 Year
|MP / MP* ||17 / 93 Students||18%||23%||Template:21st
|PC / PC* ||7 / 75 Students||9%||9%||Template:26th
|Source : Classement 2015 des prépas - L'Étudiant (Concours de 2014).
* the rate of admission depends on the schools selected for the study
In science courses it is a group of 11 to 17 schools that were selected by the student according to the course (MP , PC , PSI, PT or BCPST).
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- Jean-Charles Alphand (1817-1891), Engineer of Roads and Bridges
- Xavier Aubryet, writer
- Honoré de Balzac, (1799-1850), novelist
- Maurice Berteaux, minister of war, killed by an airplane
- Francis Blanche, actor
- Louis Auguste Blanqui, says locked, republican
- Léon Blum, Chairmen
- Louis Bourdon, mathematician
- Jean Cassou, poet, resistant
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- Maurice Cocagnac, Dominican
- Fustel de Coulanges, historian
- Victor Cousin, philosopher
- Louis Delluc, director
- Dante Desarthe, director
- Pierre Dezarnaulds (1879-1975), politician
- Maurice Cocagnac, Dominican
- Gustave Doré, painter and illustrator
- Claude Érignac, prefect
- Jean-Pierre Frimbois, journalist
- Théophile Gautier, poet and novelist
- Jacques Hadamard (1865-1963), mathematician
- François-Victor Hugo, third son of Victor Hugo, translator of Shakespeare
- Joseph Joffre, Marshal of France
- Lionel Jospin, politician
- Jean-Daniel Jurgensen, resistant, diplomat
- Guy Lardreau, philosopher
- Jules Lagneau, philosopher
- Alexandre Ledru-Rollin, lawyer, politician
- Claude Lemaitre-Basset, politician
- Pierre Leroux, inventor of the word “socialism”
- François Léotard, politician
- Philippe Léotard, comedian
- Auguste Maquet, writer, collaborator of Alexandre Dumas
- Léon Moussinac, film critic, resistant, director of the IDHEC
- Pierre Messmer, politician
- Maurice Meuleau, writer, historian, professor and researcher at the CNRS
- Jules Michelet, writer
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- Arthur H, singer
Some Former Teachers
- Angellier Auguste (1848-1911), anglicist, literary critic
- Jean Bayet (1882-1969), a Latin scholar, member of the Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres
- Benaerts Louis (1868-1941), historian
- Elie Bloncourt (1896-1978), strong, MP, member of the High Court
- Jean-Louis Burnouf (1775-1844), a Latin scholar, member of the Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres
- Félicien Challaye
- Eugène Charles Catalan (1814-1894), mathematician
- Eugène Chevreul (1786-1889), chemist
- Paul Couderc (1899-1981), astronomer
- Fabié François (1846-1928), Aveyron poet
- Louis-Benjamin Francoeur (1773-1849), mathematician, member of the Academy of Sciences
- Louis Gallouédec (1864-1937), Inspector General, Chairman of the General Council of Loiret
- Pierre George (1909-2006), geographer, member of the Academy of Moral and Political Sciences
- Alexandre Langlois (1788-1854), Indian scholar, translator of the Rig-veda, member of the Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres
- Gustave Lanson (1857-1934), critic and literary historian
- Theodore Lefebvre (1889-1943), geographer, resistant, beheaded in the prison Wolfenbüttel
- Edward Lucas (1842-1891), mathematician
- Mandrou Robert (1921-1984) historian and professor at the EHESS and the University of Paris X.
- Gustave Rivet (1848-1936), parliamentary and Dauphine poet
- Eugene Rouche (1832-1910), mathematician
- Thalamas Amédée (1867-1953), geographer, MP for Seine-et-Oise
- Redith Geismar (1968), Wife Alain Geismar
- Site du Lycée Charlemagne (French)