Lycée Henri-IV

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Lycée Henri-IV
Lycée Henri-IV.svg
Location
23 rue Clovis
Paris, 75005, France
Information
Type Public
Motto Domus Omnibus Una
(A home for all)
Established 1796
School district Latin Quarter
Principal Patrice Corre
Number of students 1,948
Website
Entrance on the rue Clovis.

The Lycée Henri-IV[1] is a public secondary school located in Paris. Along with Louis-le-Grand it is widely regarded as one of the most demanding sixth-form colleges (lycées) in France.

The school has more than 2,500 students from collège (the first four years of secondary education in France) to classes préparatoires (classes to prepare students for entrance to the elite grandes écoles).[1]

Its motto is "Domus Omnibus Una" ("A Home For All").

Buildings and history[edit]

Lycée Henri-IV is located in the former royal Abbey of St Genevieve, in the heart of the Latin Quarter on the left bank of the river Seine, near the Panthéon, the church Saint-Étienne-du-Mont, and the rue Mouffetard.[1] Rich in history, architecture, and culture, the Latin Quarter encompasses France's oldest and the most prestigious educational establishments: the École Normale Supérieure, the Sorbonne, the Collège de France and the Lycée Louis-le-Grand.

The abbey was first established in 506; it flourished as a consequence of royal patronage, becoming an integral part of the Sorbonne and housing a great library.[1] The abbey was suppressed during the French Revolution and, in October 1796, the site became the first of many public schools in France.[1] The lycée's name has changed several times since its inception – École Centrale du Panthéon (1794–1804); Lycée Napoléon (1804–1815); Collège Henri IV (1815–1848); Lycée Napoléon (1848–1870) and Lycée Corneille (1870–1872) – before its current name was settled on in 1873.[1]

Today Henri-IV retains many features of the former abbey. The former abbey's library, which had the third largest collection of books in Europe (transferred to the nearby Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève during the 19th century), is composed of four aisles forming a cross with a cupola in the intersection. It is one of the main features of the Lycée with its 18th century boiseries and pavement as well as a cupola frescoed and carved by the painter Jean II Restout in the 1730s. Two aisles of the library are now used as libraries for Lycée and Classes Préparatoires levels and the two other aisles are used as rooms for conferences and exams. Another highlight is the Salle des médailles (Room of the medals), a long gallery once used as a cabinet of curiosities (a room used to display natural curiosities and artworks). It has richly decorated and carved baroque boiseries and mirrors dating back to 18th century. The lycée's chapel dates back to the middle ages as does the cloister and the Clovis tower, perhaps the lycée's most famous feature. The Salle des Actes displays medieval effigies of the abbey's monks, discovered during restoration in the 1990s. The main staircase, named the escalier de la Vierge (Virgin Mary's staircase), which has a 17th-century statue of the Virgin Mary as its centrepiece, is another striking feature.[1]

The High School[edit]

Admission to Henri-IV is very competitive; the strict selection process is based on academic grades, drawing from middle schools throughout France. The education is highly rated and the conditions of work are optimal due to the diverse qualities of the teachers.[citation needed] Henri-IV students generally achieve high marks and results for the baccalauréat, with a pass rate of 100% in most years, against a national pass rate of about 80%.[citation needed] The Concours général (national competition for brilliant students) and the examinations to enter the grandes écoles are considered more difficult. Overall, Henri-IV provides a high level education due to its rigorous selection process and the quality of its teachers.[citation needed]

Famous alumni[edit]

Lycée Henri-IV: Clovis bell tower

Famous teachers[edit]

See also[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
Sources

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 48°50′45″N 2°20′52″E / 48.84583°N 2.34778°E / 48.84583; 2.34778