Lyco of Troas
Lyco (or Lykon, Greek: Λύκων, gen.: Λύκωνος; c. 299 – c. 225 BC) of Troas, son of Astyanax, was a Peripatetic philosopher and the disciple of Strato, whom he succeeded as the head of the Peripatetic school, c. 269 BC; he held that post for more than forty-four years.
He resided at Pergamon, under the patronage of Eumenes I and Attalus I, from whom Antiochus in vain sought to entice him. On several occasions his counsel was of great service to the Athenians. He was celebrated for his eloquence, and for his skill in educating boys. He paid great attention to the body as well as to the mind, and, constantly practising athletic exercises, was exceedingly healthy and robust. Nevertheless, he died of gout at the age of 74. He was a bitter rival of the Peripatetic philosopher Hieronymus of Rhodes. Lyco's most notable student in the Peripatetic school was Aristo of Ceos who may have succeeded him as head of the school.
Among the writings of Lyco was probably a work On Characters (similar to the work of Theophrastus), a fragment of which is preserved by Rutilius Lupus, though the title of the book is not mentioned by any ancient writer. It appears from Cicero and Clement of Alexandria, that he wrote on the boundaries of good and evil (Latin: De Finibus). Apuleius suggests that he wrote a work on the nature of animals.
- Fortenbaugh, W., White, S., Lyco of Troas and Hieronymus of Rhodes: Text, Translation and Discussion. Transaction Publishers. (2004). ISBN 0-7658-0253-8
- Tiziano Dorandi, Chapter 2: Chronology, in Algra et al. (1999) The Cambridge History of Hellenistic Philosophy, page 53. Cambridge
- Diogenes Laërtius, v. 67
- Diogenes Laërtius, v. 66
- comp. Cicero, de Finibus, v. 5
- Diogenes Laërtius, v. 68
- Rutilius Lupus, de Figuris, ii. 7
- Cicero, Tusculanae Quaestiones, iii. 32
- Clement of Alexandria, Stromata, ii.
- Apuleius, Apologia, 36
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Smith, William, ed. (1867). "article name needed". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.