Lycoming County, Pennsylvania

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Lycoming County, Pennsylvania
Lycoming County Courthouse.JPG
The Lycoming County courthouse in Williamsport
Seal of Lycoming County, Pennsylvania
Seal
Map of Pennsylvania highlighting Lycoming County
Location in the state of Pennsylvania
Map of the United States highlighting Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania's location in the U.S.
Founded April 13, 1795
Named for Lycoming Creek
Seat Williamsport
Largest city Williamsport
Area
 • Total 1,244 sq mi (3,221 km2)
 • Land 1,235 sq mi (3,198 km2)
 • Water 9 sq mi (23 km2), 0.72
Population
 • (2010) 116,111
 • Density 94/sq mi (36/km²)
Congressional district 10th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.lyco.org

Lycoming County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the population was 116,111.[1] Its county seat is Williamsport.[2]

Lycoming County comprises the Williamsport, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Located about 130 miles (209 km) northwest of Philadelphia and 165 miles (266 km) east-northeast of Pittsburgh, Lycoming County is the largest county in Pennsylvania in area.

History[edit]

Formation of the county[edit]

Lycoming County was formed from Northumberland County on April 13, 1795. At the time it was formed, the county was much larger than it is today. It took up most of the land that is now north central Pennsylvania. The following counties have been formed from land that was once part of Lycoming County: Armstrong, Bradford, Centre, Clearfield, Clinton, Indiana, Jefferson, McKean, Potter, Sullivan, Tioga, Venango, Warren, Forest, Elk and Cameron. Lycoming County was originally named Jefferson County in honor of Thomas Jefferson. This name proved to be unsatisfactory. The name change went through several steps. First a change to Lycoming County was rejected, next the name Susquehanna County was struck down as was Muncy County, before the legislature revisited and settled on Lycoming County for Lycoming Creek, the stream that was the center of the pre-Revolutionary border dispute.

County "firsts"[edit]

1615: The first European in Lycoming County was Étienne Brûlé. He was a voyageur for New France. Brule descended the West Branch Susquehanna River and was held captive by a local Indian tribe near what is now Muncy before escaping and returning to Canada.[3]

1761: The first permanent homes were built in Muncy. Three log cabins were built by Bowyer Brooks, Robert Roberts and James Alexander.[3]

1772: The first gristmill is built on Muncy Creek by John Alward[3]

1775: The first public road is built along the West Branch Susquehanna River. The road followed Indian trails from Fort Augusta in what is now Sunbury to Bald Eagle Creek near modern day Lock Haven.[3]

1786: The first church built in the county was Lycoming Presbyterian church in what was known as Jaysburg and is now the Newberry section of Williamsport.[3]

1792: The first sawmill was built on Lycoming Creek by Roland Hall.[3]

1795: The first elections for Lycoming County government are held soon after the county was formed from Northumberland County. The elected officers were Samuel Stewart, county sheriff and the first county commissioners were John Hanna, Thomas Forster and James Crawford. Andrew Gregg was elected to represent Lycoming County in the United States Congress, William Hepburn was voted to the Pennsylvania State Senate and Flavel Roan, Hugh White and Robert Martin served as representatives in the Pennsylvania General Assembly.[3]

1823: The county government funded the construction of the first bridges over Loyalsock and Lycoming Creeks.[3]

1839: The first railroad is built. It connected Williamsport with Ralston in northern Lycoming County. The railroad followed Lycoming Creek.[3]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,244 square miles (3,221 km²), of which 1,235 square miles (3,198 km²) is land and 9 square miles (23 km²) (0.72%) is water.[4] Lycoming County is the largest county in terms of land area in Pennsylvania and is larger than the state of Rhode Island.

Appalachian Mountains and Allegheny Plateau[edit]

Major fault at the dividing line between the Allegheny Plateau and the true Appalachian Mountains near Williamsport, Pennsylvania

Lycoming County is divided between the Appalachian Mountains in the south, the dissected Allegheny Plateau (which also appears mountainous) in the north and east, and the valley of the West Branch Susquehanna River between these.

West Branch Susquehanna River[edit]

The West Branch of the Susquehanna enters Lycoming County from Clinton County just west of the borough of Jersey Shore, which is on the northwest bank of the river. The river then flows generally east and a little north with some large curves for 15 miles (24 kilometers) to the city of Williamsport, followed by the borough of Montoursville (both on the north bank) as well as the boroughs of Duboistown and South Williamsport (on the south bank).

The river flows just north of Bald Eagle Mountain (one of the northernmost ridges of the Ridge-and-valley Appalachians) through much of its course in Lycoming County, but it passes the end of the mountain and turns south just before the borough of Muncy (on the east bank). It continues south past the borough of Montgomery and leaves Lycoming County, where it forms the border between Union and Northumberland Counties. From there the West Branch merges with the North Branch Susquehanna River at Northumberland, Pennsylvania, and then flows south to the Chesapeake Bay.

Major creeks and watersheds[edit]

Map of the West Branch Susquehanna River (dark blue) and Major Streams in Lycoming County, Pennsylvania. From west to east (left to right) the watersheds are: Pine Creek (red); Larrys Creek (orange); Lycoming Creek (yellow); Loyalsock Creek (green); Muncy Creek (light blue); and White Deer Hole Creek (purple, south of the river).

The major creeks of Lycoming County are all tributaries of the West Branch Susquehanna River. On the north or left bank of the river they are (from west to east): Pine Creek (and its tributary Little Pine Creek) which the river receives just west of Jersey Shore; Larrys Creek, which the river receives about 7 km (4 mi) south of Salladasburg; Lycoming Creek which the river receives in western Williamsport; Loyalsock Creek which the river receives between Williamsport and Montoursville; and Muncy Creek (and its tributary Little Muncy Creek), which the river receives just north of Muncy. Loyalsock and Muncy Creeks are also the major watersheds of Sullivan County.

Finally there is White Deer Hole Creek, the only major creek in Lycoming County on the right bank (i.e. south and west) of the river. It is south of Bald Eagle Mountain, and flows from west to east. The river receives it at the village of Allenwood in Gregg Township in Union County. Other creeks found on the right bank (south and west) of the West Branch Susquehanna River in Lycoming County are relatively minor, including Antes Creek in the Nippenose valley (in Limestone and Nippenose Townships), Mosquito Creek (at Duboistown), Hagermans Run (at South Williamsport), and Black Hole Creek (at Montgomery).

The entire county is in the Chesapeake Bay watershed. The percent of the county drained by each creek's watershed is as follows: Pine Creek, 15.27%; Little Pine Creek, 11.25% (if these two are considered together, 26.52%); Larry's Creek, 7.17%; Lycoming Creek, 17.80%; Loyalsock Creek, 13.23%; Muncy Creek, 4.82%; Little Muncy Creek, 5.86% (if these two are considered together, 10.68%); and White Deer Hole Creek, 4.40%.[5] Minor creeks account for the rest.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Law and Government[edit]

County Commissioners[edit]

  • Jeff C. Wheeland, Chairman
  • Ernest P. Larson, Vice Chairman
  • Tony R. Mussare, Secretary

Transportation[edit]

Major freeways[edit]

Minor roads[edit]

Airports[edit]

There are only two public use airports in the county. The Williamsport Regional Airport, has daily non-stop flights to Philadelphia, and a FBO for private jets and charters. There is also the Jersey Shore Airport, which only has a grass runway and can only handle light aircraft.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1800 5,414
1810 11,006 103.3%
1820 13,517 22.8%
1830 17,636 30.5%
1840 22,649 28.4%
1850 26,257 15.9%
1860 37,399 42.4%
1870 47,626 27.3%
1880 57,486 20.7%
1890 70,579 22.8%
1900 75,663 7.2%
1910 80,813 6.8%
1920 83,100 2.8%
1930 93,421 12.4%
1940 93,633 0.2%
1950 101,249 8.1%
1960 109,367 8.0%
1970 113,296 3.6%
1980 118,416 4.5%
1990 118,710 0.2%
2000 120,044 1.1%
2010 116,111 −3.3%
Est. 2012 117,168 0.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
2012 Estimate[1]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 120,044 people, 47,003 households, and 31,680 families residing in the county. The population density was 97 people per square mile (38/km²). There were 52,464 housing units at an average density of 42 per square mile (16/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.91% White, 4.32% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.42% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.26% from other races, and 0.86% from two or more races. 0.67% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 38.5% were of German, 11.7% American, 9.0% Irish, 7.4% Italian and 7.3% English ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 47,003 households out of which 29.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.10% were married couples living together, 10.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.60% were non-families. 26.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.30% under the age of 18, 9.70% from 18 to 24, 27.50% from 25 to 44, 23.40% from 45 to 64, and 16.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 95.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.80 males.

Municipalities[edit]

Under Pennsylvania law, there are four types of incorporated municipalities: cities, boroughs, townships, and, in at most two cases, towns. The following cities, boroughs and townships are located in Lycoming County:

City[edit]

Boroughs[edit]

Townships[edit]

Map of Lycoming County, Pennsylvania with Municipal Labels showing Cities and Boroughs (red), Townships (white), and Census-designated places (blue).

(with unincorporated villages noted)

  • Anthony
  • Armstrong
  • Bastress
  • Brady
  • Brown (includes the villages of Cedar Run and Slate Run)
  • Cascade (includes the village of Kellyburg)
  • Clinton
  • Cogan House (includes the villages of Beech Grove, Brookside, Cogan House, and White Pine)
  • Cummings (includes the village of Waterville)
  • Eldred (includes the village of Warrensville)
  • Fairfield
  • Franklin (includes the village of Lairdsville)
  • Gamble (includes the village of Calvert)
  • Hepburn (includes the villages of Cogan Station (partially, also in Lycoming Township) and Hepburnville)
  • Jackson (includes the village of Buttonwood)
  • Jordan (includes the villages of Lungerville and Unityville)
  • Lewis (includes the villages of Bodines, Field Station, and Trout Run)
  • Limestone (includes the villages of Collomsville, Oriole, and Oval)
  • Loyalsock
  • Lycoming (includes the villages of Cogan Station (partially, also in Hepburn Township) and Quiggleville)
  • McHenry (includes the villages of Cammal, Haneyville, Jersey Mills, and Okome)
  • McIntyre (includes the villages of Marsh Hill and Ralston)
  • McNett (includes the villages of Chemung, Ellenton, Leolyn, Penbryn, and Roaring Branch)
  • Mifflin
  • Mill Creek (includes part of the village of Huntersville (also in Wolf Township))
  • Moreland (includes the village of Opp)
  • Muncy Creek (includes the village of Clarkstown)
  • Muncy (includes the village of Pennsdale)
  • Nippenose (includes the village of Antes Fort)
  • Old Lycoming (includes the census-designated place of Garden View)
  • Penn (includes part of the village of Glen Mawr (also in Shrewsbury Township))
  • Piatt (includes the village of Larryville)
  • Pine (includes the villages of English Center and Oregon Hill)
  • Plunketts Creek (includes the villages of Barbours and Proctor)
  • Porter
  • Shrewsbury (includes the villages of Glen Mawr (partially, also in Penn Township) and Tivoli)
  • Susquehanna (includes the village of Nisbet)
  • Upper Fairfield (includes the villages of Farragut and Loyalsockville)
  • Washington (includes the village of Elimsport)
  • Watson (includes the village of Tombs Run)
  • Wolf (includes part of the village of Huntersville (also in Mill Creek Township))
  • Woodward (includes the village of Linden)

Census-designated place[edit]

Census-designated places are geographical areas designated by the U.S. Census Bureau for the purposes of compiling demographic data. They are not actual jurisdictions under Pennsylvania law. Other unincorporated communities, such as villages, may be listed here as well.

Other unincorporated communities[edit]

Education[edit]

Colleges[edit]

Public School Districts[edit]

Map of Lycoming County, Pennsylvania Public School Districts

Other public entities[edit]

Non public entities[edit]

  • Bald Eagle School - Montgomery
  • Brookside School - Montgomery
  • Countryside School - Jersey Shore
  • Fairfield Academy - Montoursville
  • LCCCs Children's Development Center - Williamsport
  • Maranatha Mission Learning Community - Trout Run
  • Maranatha Mission Learning Community Branch 11 - Montoursville
  • Maranatha Mission Learning Community Branch 13 - Jersey Shore
  • Maranatha Mission Learning Community Branch 14 - Linden
  • Maranatha Mission Learning Community Branch 15 - Williamsport
  • Maranatha Mission Learning Community Branch 18 - Williamsport
  • Maranatha Mission Learning Community Branch 2 - South Williamsport
  • Maranatha Mission Learning Community Branch 3 - Williamsport
  • Maranatha Mission Learning Community Branch 7 - Montgomery
  • Maranatha Mission Learning Community Branch 9 - Cogan Station
  • Mountain View Christian School - South Williamsport
  • Mountain View School - Williamsport
  • Pine Woods Nippenose Valley - Jersey Shore
  • Scenic Mountain Parochial School - Allenwood
  • St John Neumann Regional Academy - Williamsport (accepting OSTC students)
  • St John Neumann Regional Academy at Faxon - Williamsport
  • St John Neumann Regional Academy High School Campus - Williamsport (accepting OSTC students)
  • Valley Bell School - Montgomery
  • West Branch School - Williamsport
  • White Deer Valley School - Montgomery
  • Williamsport Christian School - Williamsport

Data from EdNA database maintained by Pennsylvania Department of Education, July 2012

Libraries[edit]

There are six public libraries in Lycoming County:

There are also four Link libraries in the county.

Recreation[edit]

There are three Pennsylvania state parks in Lycoming County:

There are parts of two Pennsylvania state forests in Lycoming County:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 17, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i Robin Van Auken, Lou Hunsinger Jr. "Lycoming County: Williamsport Firsts". Williamsport Sun-Gazette. Retrieved 2012-02-15. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ [1][dead link]
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved November 17, 2013. 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°21′N 77°04′W / 41.35°N 77.06°W / 41.35; -77.06