Lycoperdon

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Lycoperdon
Lycoperdon pyriforme.jpg
Lycoperdon pyriforme
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Agaricaceae
Genus: Lycoperdon
Type species
Lycoperdon perlatum
Pers. (1794)
Synonyms[1]
  • Sufa Adans. (1763)
  • Priapus Raf. (1808)
  • Cerophora Raf. (1814)
  • Utraria Quél. (1873)
  • Bovistella Morgan (1892)
  • Calvatiella C.H.Chow (1936)
  • Capillaria Velen. (1947)
  • Handkea Kreisel (1989)
  • Lycoperdon subgen. Bovistella (Morgan) Jeppson & E.Larss. (2008)
  • Lycoperdon subgen. Utraria (Quél.) Jeppson & E.Larss. (2008)

Lycoperdon is a genus of puffball mushrooms. The genus has a widespread distribution and contains about 50 species.[2] In general, it contains the smaller species such as the pear-shaped puffball and the gem-studded puffball. It was formerly classified within the now-obsolete order Lycoperdales, as the type genus which, following a restructuring of fungal taxonomy brought about by molecular phylogeny, has been split. Lycoperdon is now placed in the family Agaricaceae of the order Agaricales.

The name comes from lycos meaning wolf and perdon meaning to break wind; thus the name literally means wolf-farts.

Species[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Synonymy: Lycoperdon Pers.". Species Fungorum. CAB International. Retrieved 2014-07-13. 
  2. ^ Kirk PM, Cannon PF, Minter DW, Stalpers JA. (2008). Dictionary of the Fungi (10th ed.). Wallingford, UK: CAB International. p. 394. ISBN 978-0-85199-826-8. 
  3. ^ Cortez VG, Baseia IG, Silveira RMB. (2011). "Lycoperdon ovoidisporum sp. nov. from Brazil". Sydowia 63 (1): 1–7. 
  4. ^ a b Jeppson M, Larsson E, Martín M. (2012). "Lycoperdon rupicola and L. subumbrinum: two new puffballs from Europe". Mycological Progress 11 (4): 887–97. doi:10.1007/s11557-011-0804-8. 

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